Higher education in the present world has a very long history. Higher education has deep roots in the early sixth century when first monastic schools were started in Europe which later developed to the famous European university in Bologna during the period between 1088 and 1090. This Is the orally of higher education with all present systems of higher education borrowing much from this first intuition and system of higher education. Until early 20th century, higher education Institutions and particularly universities and high level colleges catered only for the elites in the society. Though in this time basic education was enough to secure an Individual a well-paying Job, the costs of securing a place in the institutions of higher education as well as maintaining the costs for the period of a given course locked out the middle income earners as well as the poor. Statistically, by the start of 20th century, 3 per cent of the world population had enrolled in universities and other colleges offering higher education programs.
This number was much concentrated in the European continent and America with Africa recording the smaller number of university entrants. Presently, there is over 30 percent of world population who have enrolled in higher education institutions. Accessing higher education is dependent on various Issues. Many Institutions of higher learning have developed all over the world. The credibility of many of these institutions still remains unclear and many universities have conned students of their money by offering fake and unrecognized programs.
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On the other hand, accessing quality higher education in a good private university or college Is very expensive. The government Institutions of higher learning end to provide subsidized high education but the increased number of students in government universities and colleges strains the available resources thus reducing 1 OFFS more tuition fee seem to have better educational facilities such as libraries and libraries. Teaching qualification Most institutional of higher learning have been very thorough in selecting their teaching staff.
Much scrutiny has been emphasized in coming up with professors and other tutors to match the needs of the market that is served by particular institutions of higher learning. Though hiring qualified, experienced and knowledgeable teaching staff is expensive, many institutions have passed the burden of the high cost to learners who have paid expensively for their education. On the other hand, institutions in the education sector entirely for business purposes have used inexperienced and cheap tutors in their universities. The result of this is production of graduates who do not match the Job market.
Notably, private higher education institutions have employed professors from universities who may full time jobs in their universities. Such professors become overworked leading low quality delivery of their expected teaching standards. The teaching qualification in any institution of higher learning depends on the finances allocated to source and maintain a qualified, experienced and reliable teaching team. Many countries have a certain percentage of budget allocation given to government universities and colleges to constitute a good teaching team.
Similarly, private universities and colleges have their budgets to maintain a good teaching team. Most genuine private universities around the world have reported greater quality of their teaching staff compared to government sponsored universities and colleges. This means that such universities have well qualified staffs that possess required knowledge and experience required in higher education. Many institutions of higher learning have their own criteria of selecting their academic staff.
Notably institutions have documented requirements that an individual should possess before being considered a member of staff for such institution. Additionally, different nations have also documented requirements that each institution of higher learning operating in the country should adhere to when recruiting new academic staff. These requirements have worked excellently for those institutions that have based their acquirement processes on the laid down procedures. Considerably, government owned institutions have used the guidelines to recruit qualified staff very successful.
However, the main problem with government universities and colleges has been and continue to be the excess of students in relation to the number of teaching available. The implications of choosing a high or low qualified teaching team are varied. High technical education programs require very qualified and experienced tutors compared to other education programs where students can study from home. However, a low qualified academic staff team means low quality in education programs that the team provides which translates to half-baked graduates nit actually fit for the intended Job market.
The challenge has rested with graduates who find it very difficult to secure Jobs after many years in higher education institutions. On the other hand, an institution with qualified and experienced academic staff tends to attract many students as well as employers. Students from such an institution secure Job without much hustle because the reputation of their institution qualified staff speak for themselves. Therefore, teaching qualifications in higher academic staff team and all stakeholders in the higher education program of a given country.
Tuition and Fees Deduction Many institutions of higher learning depend entirely on fees from students for to meet all their operating exists as well as make their profits. This fits the private universities and colleges that don’t get any support from the government for their operations. Depending on the type of education program, these private institutions have different fees charges crafted from the costs that are incurred in employing tutors and procuring required resources.
Such institution may have separate tuition fees that doesn’t cover accommodation or other effects but only included the access of students to the laboratories and classrooms. Many private universities in the world don’t provide accommodation and meals thus hope to save students from the high charges that they may attach the two thus enable students afford tuition fees. On the other hand, government owned and sponsored institutions of higher learning have relatively low tuition fee due to the government intervention through providing additional funding to these institutions.
Most public universities and colleges provide accommodation and meals to students at subsidized rates. The main reason for this is the government target to poor and less fortunate in the society who may not be able to afford higher tuition fees that is offered in private institutions of higher learning. The government also provides education bursaries which considerably reduce the tuition fees that students have to pay. The main rationale behind this has been the public demand to make higher education affordable and accessible to all.
There are many implications in increasing or decreasing tuition fees in either private or public institutions of higher learning. Increasing tuition fee leads to decreased participation of students in higher education programs. Students who can’t afford increased tuition fee will seek alternative in lower and cheap education programs. This will lead to a decrease index in the total number of people in the higher educator sector. Likewise, deducting or lowering tuition fees will encourage more enrollment which means more graduates from higher education programs.
This means more people will Join public and private institutions of higher learning leading to an increase in the world’s education levels. However, this may have its challenges; owe tuition fees leads to many graduates into the Job market. Given that the levels of employment opportunities remain constant, the Job market may become flooded and strained by the release of many professionals. On the other hand, many students in the institutions of higher education may lead to dilute of the education quality offered in these institutions.
Different institutions have reacted to the increase in number of potential learners by opening affiliated colleges and campuses to accommodate these increased numbers. Notably, such institution don’t increase the human resources required to handle increased student population. The growth of the number of institutions of higher learning has significantly reduced the tuition fees payable by students. There has been increased competition among such institutions to attract as many students as possible with the direct incentive being reducing the tuition and other charges that accompany higher education program. Maintained with the increase in the number of these institutions and the reduction of tuition charges and other fees Educational Facility Construction Institutions of higher learning are some of organizations in the world that have the most expensive facilities. Universities in developed nations have wide range of facilities that can accommodate huge numbers of students. Notably, the relation of education facilities and the number of students in a particular institution has great impact on the quality of program that such institutions provide.
Institutions that have poor and underdeveloped education facilities tend to neutralize other resources that are dependent on good facilities. For instance, programs related to engineering may suffer if institutions don’t have enough laboratories for students to do experiments. This is applicable to all other programs that require practical experiments for students. Normally, institutions will have enough facilities to serve present student capacity as well anticipated increased in future.
This happens initially at the start of the institution where in construction of education facilities, the initial number of student expected to enroll and subsequent increase in enrollment. Many institutions have done this well by constructing big capacity facilities despite the expected small number of first enrollment. On the other hand, some institutions have spared land and funds ready to erect facilities to accommodate an increase in tuned capacity at any particular time. The two options have worked differently to various institutions but ultimate result has been that the institutions have been able to accommodate all their students.
An important issue to consider in constructing facilities for higher education is the costs that are associated with these facilities. The required standards of higher education in the world require university and colleges offering higher education programs to have quality facilities and correspond to the education programs being offered. For instance, an institution offering pilot training orgasm will be required to construct hangars as stipulated by the airport authorities in such countries.
Such institutions will also be required to build their own run-ways from training as well as acquire aircrafts all which need to be approved by the aviation authorities. Over the years, government institutions of higher learning have been credited with having the best facilities of higher learning. This has been due to constant government budgets directly channeled to build education facilities in these institutions. However, in the more recent years, the private institutions of higher learning seem to be more focused on education acclivities construction.
Presently, the best education laboratories, classroom, theatres and seminar rooms are found in private universities. Institutions that have good education facilities have an increased cost of education that is usually passed on to the students. However, learners are usually at ease paying an increased cost for a good quality education program offered in good quality facilities. Notably, it’s anticipated that institutions of higher learning will continue to erect more quality education facilities in order to remain relevant and competitive in the sector of higher education.
Governments are expected to inject more money into the public university to keep the pace of facility construction being set by the private institutions of higher learning. The ultimate result will be improved quality of higher education all over the world with students getting expected value for the resources The teaching qualification, tuition fees deductions and the construction of education facilities in higher education sector are related concepts.
These are the concepts whose proper utilization can differentiate an institution from the rest. Balancing these three main issues can guarantee an increase in student enrollment, an improvement in the quality of programs and offered and importantly increase in the demand for the graduates in the Job market. However, making sure that an institution has a qualified academic teaching team, has the required levels of charges and good education facilities needs great planning for both present and the future.
Institutions have policies and guidelines that guide on all these issues. All the articles reviewed in this assignment reveal that institutions need to have documented policies and procedures that should guide any activity that is undertaken to better he education programs. Such policies will ensure that institutions usually have enough resources to support a given number of student population and will provide appropriate measures that need to be taken if an institution wishes to increase student population.
Governments through their ministries of education have policies that guide both public and private institutions of higher learning on all aspects of the sector including the teacher qualification, tuition fees and construction of appropriate of facilities. Reviewing the articles used in this assignment has helped in understanding the opinion of different authors and academicians involved in higher education research.
All the authors agree that institutions of higher learning should have adequate and qualified teaching staff; should be fair in imposing tuition fee in relation to the quality of education programs being provided as well as have up-to- standard education facilities that are recommended by authorizes of higher education for different education programs. The end result will be release of fully baked graduates to Job market thus reducing the levels of unemployment in the world and increasing the world economic index.