The Freedman’s Bureau bill, helped with recognizing free labor, schools for the newly freed persons were being highly oversee, making ere that the newly free were being treated with justice and having the same rights as anyone else. When President Lincoln proposed a plan in this Reconstruction time, this plan was the plan. This meant that about 10% of those who voted would have to pledge to the Union their loyalty. Of course this plan was not much of a success and the radicals (Republicans) did not like this. Soon after there was a bill created by congress that was called the Wade Davis Bill.
This bill made many (majority) of the southern states take an oath hat would have them say they never had any support towards the confederacy. This bill never really made it out because Lincoln vetoed the bill, and soon after also did his assassination (Franklin, 1970). If Lincoln was not assassinated, I think the process of Reconstruction would have been smother and with much more success. He would have pushed for more plans and bills that would help the freed people and help them get recognized for their rights.
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For example, once President Johnson had power his Black Codes was not beneficial to all freed people. If Lincoln was still alive, he Black Codes would probably not have even been thought of, not right away any’. Ways or even vetoed. The Black codes were a way to restrict freed people of many justices, something Lincoln would not have agreed on. This bump in the road during Reconstruction would have never happened, and if it wouldn’t have, perhaps this period would have been much more successful for the former slaves.
Industrialization and arbitration affected the life of the average working Americans in many ways. Arbitration at these times had its ups and down (positives and negatives). The affect arbitration had on the average American in the urban areas was overcrowding disease and crime (Stuntman, 1973). For those in the new metropolitan centers, the problems began with pollution and sewage. With all these negative impacts, help was needed from local leaders in order to live correctly and fix these problems, improvements were much needed.
Just like arbitration, industrialization had its pros and cons. On the pros list would lay railroads in the west. This would not only allow for goods and services to be transported quicker, but this allowed people to go on further journeys in a shorter amount of time then they would before. Since everyone now had the freedom to open their own business, there was now much more options in order to buy products. Since people were now looking for the best place to buy their products, competition and working to have the best product, service and price in town was very important.
On the other end when industrialization happened, the classes between the rich and poor changed. There was now added types of class, like the middle working class for example. New jobs were created for this middle lass and the new upper class (rich) were not leading their lives in a different way. For example they were making sure that their money and class would stay the same and therefore would now classify arrange marriages for their children in order to have this happen (Stuntman, 1973). As described before, when President Johnson went into power, he created the Black Codes.
These codes did not allow former slaves the right to vote, it limited the right to testify against whites, or sit in jury. Once the 14th amendment was approved in 1867, this gave the blacks the right to vote. Even though non whites were given more rights, there were still much more injustices going on for them. Once they became free, their former owners would try to keep them in order to pay the minimal amount for the cheapest labor. Some nonwhites would agree to this because they did not know any better and others would not go for that deal and go off to find their families (if they were not already together).
Many of these newly freed slaves were illiterate and had a very low set of education. It was not convenient for the whites to allow nonwhites and immigrants to have more education than what they had because it would allow the nonwhites to realize what was really going on. They would realize that there is much more injustice than what they thought and being able to be a little more education would allow them to realize and process what they could do in order to fix that. Thanks to the Freedman’s Bureau education was possible for those who are nonwhite, but unfortunately lasted for a few years.
During the gap of reconstruction to industrialization in western United States, there have been many changes politically and economically (Franklin, 1970). Politically, major changes were really obvious during the reconstruction period. Politically when Lincoln was assassinated, president Johnson tried to change what was around him. He tried changed the thoughts that Lincoln had, such as wanted the nonwhites to stay without rights. Ultimately although many wanted him impeached, it came down to two votes and at the end, he was not impeached.
Economically during the time of industrialization, farmers had hard times making money, having their rights in place and had trouble getting good eels. Farmers were not making as much money as they used to. The most trouble they had was during the winter season, nothing was growing and not much was selling. Farmers had to think of what to do quickly in order to survive. Therefore, farmers would have to work twice as hard during all other season before/after winter season in order to make up the profits they missed (Augustan, 1973). Overall the period between 1865 and 1 900, were very intense and had a lot of important events going on.