One of the initial problems with SIS implementation was that it depended on the availability of computers and internet access. With slow internet connections, authentication process could be time consuming, especially if a website implements various external scripts to improve visual quality. Due to these reasons, as well as the fact that BlackBerry is one of the most popular smartness in Indonesia, the developers decided to design a simpler but more powerful system that would resolve Blackberry Mobile SIS problems.
The mobile SIS was designed, implemented and evaluated to provide a perfect solution for problems related to ease-of-access. The Mobile SIS facilitates students and parents in obtaining academic information anytime, anywhere and without the need for repeated authentication, via BlackBerry mobile connection. Mobile SIS also offers faster loading time relative to traditional website access. Using the push technology service, SIS could now provide students and parents in getting the latest information every time new information gets disseminated.
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Keywords: School Information System, Mobile Phone, Push Technology individual. The Staff Desk served as a front-end for teachers and back-end for school employees. It allowed them to directly create, manage, or delete the school academic operations information. The Other two were the Student Desk and the Parent Desk that served as a front-end website intended for students and parents. Designing, implementing and evaluating a mobile application information system have been done by previous researchers. There have been designs of mobile applications that aimed to arrange short-term events (Star near et al. , 2004).
Application designs for managing long-term activity or schedule has also been done in the Oromo of calendars or planners (Payne, 1993). Other studies have also focused on maximizing certain application feature with the available technology. This has never been done in the creation of a mobile application that serves as an application reminder that adopted the Location-Based Service (LBS) (Louder et al. , 2006). 1. INTRODUCTION Technology has undergone rapid advancement over time. Accompanied by the development of hardware, as well as information systems, school should be encouraged to follow these changes.
Information systems that were usually accessed on desktop computers can now be wrapped into an application and accessed on bile gadgets such as mobile phones. Therefore, these mobile applications should be developed with maximum functionality and practicality. Traditionally, in conducting its academic operations, a private school (the primary subject of this study) provided a website for use by its employees, teachers, students and parents in order to post class schedules, grades, extracurricular activities and personal profile of students.
The website itself consisted of three ‘desks’ that offered different functionalities, depending on the user status of the Corresponding Author: Been Parmesan, Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Computer Science, Bin Angostura university, Jakarta 1 1 530, Indonesia Science Publications 1140 ACS Kelvin’s Gunman and Been Parmesan / Journal of Computer Science 9 (9): 1140-1145, 2013 developed over time and updated periodically based on new enhancements or changes of the module (Whiten and Bentley, 2007). This study used the concept of Liquefied Modeling Language (ML) for designing the system.
From the JIMS, the design utilized the use case diagram, activity diagram, sequence diagram and class diagram (Whiten and Bentley, 2007). Afterwards, the user interface was created as a display example in which he SIS was shown. For user interface design, this study used the method 8 golden rules, allowing for SIS to be easily understood and used (Junk and Treacheries, 2006). The designed systems were analyzed based on the dimensions of dependability system, which consisted of availability, reliability, safety and security.
The final result of the analysis was a system dependability characteristics/features owned by a BlackBerry Mobile SIS application that can run well without system failure, solving the existing problems (Somerville, 2008). During the evaluation period, data were collected by utilizing the database system that was used by M-SIS. M-SIS records all data usage from each user then compiles them into a database that enables evaluation in terms of comparing old and new data. The old data was collected from one of the school’s departments.
The population in the evaluation consists of students and parents who have been using M-SIS. The data analysis focused on every condition that represented each type of M-SIS user. Each user was inspected to see if his/her profile is associated with any late school fee, overdue library books and outstanding payment on extracurricular fees prior to M-SIS implementation. This was done because the respondents n this evaluation were not all the students and parents, but the respondents were only the M-SIS users.
The method used for data analysis was descriptive statistics, which compared the old outstanding payment data with the current one. The new or current data reflected what the respondents had done in doing their responsibility in paying all their outstanding payments after the WAIS implementation. Afterwards, the new data ware summarized and compared to the old one. Another example is the effort to maximize mobile application features that utilizes Short Message Service (SMS) to convey selected information to each user Gutters and Crooning, 2002).
Development of mobile applications has also been carried out in developing useful applications for Personal Information Management (RIM) (Heckling et al. , 2007), providing maximum utility for an individual to self-manage a profile. Increasing demands for mobile applications, supported by the development of mobile device technology would lead to an increase in the need for mobile applications over the time. Consequently, it would make the information can be easily accessed. This statement also reinforces the need for mobile applications to support an enterprise (Davenport and Prussia, 2000).
Previously, information had been accessible only through office computers then this information can also be accessed on any mobile device by each employee, such as via email. Another higher level example is the development of mobile application as an analytical tool. This application is useful in assessing the needs of a user (Guilin, 2010). Study results from previous studies on application development have made it clear that mobile applications are currently on high demand. Mobile applications that were originally required by individuals are now becoming essential in running a company’s business.
The increased demand and need for mobile applications can be fulfilled by designing a mobile application that is user friendly with good functionality and simple design. 1 . 1. Statement of Problems The current problem in SIS implementation in Indonesia is the difficulty experienced by students and parents in using the Student Desk and Parent Desk to access certain information through the website due to the dependence on computers. The problems include long login (authentication) and page loading times; this in turn often discouraged users, which then led to their missing information updates.
However, the main robber in this study is that some students are in debt with the school, such as overdue in school fees, extracurricular fees and library materials. 3. RESULTS 2. MATERIALS AND METHODS The result of this research was a BlackBerry-based school academic information system application called the Mobile School Information System (M-SIS), which is a BlackBerry-based system, in accordance with the private school’s survey data in late 201 1 that revealed BlackBerry was to be the most used smartened platform in the school.
The mobile application for school academic information system or simply School Information System (SIS) was designed based on the incremental model of System Development Life Cycle (OSDL). The system was broken down into several modules that were 1141 1140-1145, 2013 Table 1. Dependability results Dependability Analysis result Availability 1. Local data With local data, M-SIS only needs to perform authentication once. The user does not need to login every time the application is opened. M-SIS also requires loading the module once.
If the user wishes to display the same module again at a later time, M-SIS does not need to run another loading sequence since the modules are stored offline in a secondary Emory. Reliability 2. Push WAIS adopted the push service technology which will provide notifications every time new information is available. 3. Web mobile Most of the content modules in the M-SIS can be used by mobile applications from other platforms, because the contents are stored in the web. Security 4. Encryption The web encryption uses algorithms that are recognized only by web service, web mobile and M-SIS. 5.
Authentication prior to using M-SIS, a user is prompted to enter his/her ID and password. 6. Authorization Users with different status have access to different levels of information. Safety 7. Error handling pop-up error message and automatic email notification to developers overtime an error IS encountered during M-SIS usage. The survey was conducted by the school themselves on the students and parents. M-SIS has features that are the results of dependability system analysis as shown in Table 1 BlackBerry M-SIS consists of several modules: Class Schedule This module is used to view the Class Schedule of student learning.
Students’ learning Class Schedule is presented as a learning schedule in which each day is divided into sessions/periods. Academic Calendar Academic calendar module displays important dates ND all school events including school holidays, exams and assignment due dates. Class Dismissal This module notifies the parents that the students have completed their studies at the school. Scoring Score module provides students and parents with numeric values of student grades, which could lead to an increase in parental awareness on student academic development.
This module also contains assessment modules for Socio Emotional Learning (SELL) for the assessment of children emotional attributes to shape student behavior, preparing them to enter a social community (Patton et al. , 2008). The Six Pillar character assessment encompasses DOD character building that must begin from an early age (Laird, 2002). 1142 Extracurricular This module is used by both parents and students to view and select extracurricular activities. News This module delivers updated news to students and parents from the school.
The module is divided into three modules, namely News, Announcements and Events. Attendance This module records student attendance and absence within a given period. Library Account This module tracks items that are checked-out by the student as well as their due dates. All borrowed items are tracked and recorded to reduce the risk of loss. Student Profile This module displays the student’s personal information, which includes Student ID, Name, DOBB, Mobile number, Address. Map This module is useful in helping parents monitor the location of their children via LBS and Global Positioning System (GAPS) technology.
Both parents and students must be logged-in to perform the monitoring. Private Message (PM) Private message module provides students and parents with direct access to personal messages sent directly from the school. These messages could be easily accessed through BlackBerry. ACS 1140-1145, 2013 Fig. 1. Push Notification of a PM Fig. 2. PM 1, 2, 3 (left to right) of the School Fee PM outstanding payment and is supported by the push feature. The PM notification appears as a pop-up with a Remington and a notification label. An example Of the popup can be seen in Fig. . With this notification, the user will be aware of any unsettled payment. According to the statement of problem, there are three types of payments: school fees, overdue library fees and extracurricular fees.