Concept of Classroom Management * An effective classroom management contributes to higher academic achievement * Classroom management as the organization and teacher control over behavior (Richard, 1990) Effective classroom management will help achieve the following goals: * encourage appropriate student behavior * forming a positive learning environment * Interpersonal relationships between teachers and pupils * use the time allocated for optimal learning * increase student participation in the teaching and learning * reduce discipline problems Effective management of routine * pupils learn to control and manage themselves An orderly classroom depends on the teacher skills to prevent problems from occurring rather than solve the problems that have occurred. It requires a skilled teacher and capable of solving the various problems that have occurred.
The main factor in managing an effective classroom management are: – * careful planning * teachers need to manage and control the execution of their plans * reflection to determine the strengths and weaknesses of teaching and learning that has been implemented The knowledge about the needs of students Abraham Mason’s hierarchy of needs (aesthetic, knowledge, self-perfection, self- esteem, love, safety and physiological) ;- from above downwards * physiology and psychology of academic knowledge: – * understand the objectives of teaching * participate actively in the learning process * interact positively with peers * learning related with students’ daily lives and interests assignments or interact * experience success * timely feedback and realistic Classroom Management 1. Plan 2. Manage 3. Control 4. Reflection 5. Coacher-student relationship * time to complete The characteristic of effective teachers in classroom management is that teachers are able to: – * effectively manage a classroom * creating an environment * to students interested in anything they have learned and always do their best * use teaching and learning time efficiently *Three aspects of effective teachers: 2. Teaching and learning competency 3. Disposition and moral practice Effective teachers (warm, friendly, caring, calm, witty, creative, spontaneous, flexible etc. ) teachers who are not effective (quick-tempered, not optimistic, pessimistic, autocratic, no effort, hardcore) Competency in T&L that need to be fostered by effective teachers are as follows: 1 . The content of the subjects: -Covers more than facts, common terms and concepts.
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Example: The effective teacher will try to acquire knowledge and skills of how to take the idea and create a docking between the idea, thinking skills and argument, the pattern of changes contained in a single discipline, and the ability to move ideas from one discipline to another discipline. 2. Teaching strategies -Along with the use of a constructivist approach in the process of P & P Example: The effective teacher will give emphasis to the collaboration between students in heir efforts to study and understand Themselves. -Along with the use of constructivist approaches in process R & D Example: Teachers will emphasize effective collaboration between students in their pursuit of knowledge, and understand themselves. 3. Goal setting and planning skills teaching. The teacher will provide effective adequate time and effort in ensuring the implementation of the teaching is in line with the planning and AIMS achieved.
At the same time, he will make a reflection to get feedback and improve teaching in order to get better, pulling in next time. * Classroom management skills It is one aspect of an effective teacher. The viability to create a learning environment which is conducive to forming Joint regulation pupils, monitor classroom activities, and dealing with student behavior problems. * Motivational skills An effective teacher must have specific strategies to foster self-motivation of its students through the education provided opportunities and educational experiences provided in accordance with the interests and goals and abilities. * Communication skills Include verbal and non-verbal.
The teacher who practice the principles of effective speaking together and not to the students, parent’s, administrators, and others. More effective teachers also keep criticism to a minimum, have assertive communication style nature than aggressive, manipulative or passive, and the latter strive to improve children communication skills through training, practice and so on. * Technology skills Effective teachers should master the technological skills in line with current developments in science and technology and thus integrate technology in teaching and learning process in the classroom as well as the diversification of multi-media as a tool support.