States and its NATO allies, and the communist world, led by the Soviet Union, and it’s allies. This was after World War II. The cold war was a competition between the United States and the Soviet union to see who would dominate the world. They each thought that their system of government and economics was best. This war was unlike any other because the two countries’ armies never directly went to war with each other. They were afraid of each other, so they only fought indirectly.
They both had large quantities of nuclear weapons, and knew that their own country would have been impolitely destroyed if they attacked the other. During the Second World War, the United States and the Soviet Union had fought as allies. Many people thought that they would be friends after the war ended, but that didn’t happen. Before the war, America had depicted the Soviet Union as almost the devil-incarnate. The Soviet Union had depicted America the same way so their ‘friendship’ during the war was simply the result of having a mutual enemy Nazi Germany.
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The Soviet Union created the Eastern Bloc with the eastern European countries it occupied. Almost all the other European countries were allies’ whit the United States. This meant that Europe was divided into two. As you can see in this picture. Berlin, the capital of Germany was spitted in half, and that caused the Berlin Wall. Nuclear weapons are weapons of mass destruction, and a single bomb could destroy an entire city. The United States began using nuclear weapon in 1945. This was on of a series of nuclear weapon testes that was conducted by the US.
In 1949 the Soviet Union detonated it’s first atomic bomb. Then the arms race began. The two superpowers started to create stronger and stronger weapons because they didn’t want the other to get ahead of them. Soon both the U. S. And the Soviet Union had large quantities of these weapons Of mass destruction. Both countries had so many weapons that it scared the other country from attacking them. An expression that is often used to explain this is MAD. This is short for Mutual assured destruction. This is a military strategy that makes both parts afraid of starting a nuclear attack.
The theory is that no state would start an attack if attacking its enemy means TTS own destruction. Because of the extremely large quantities of nuclear weapons that the two countries had, a war would have an impact on the whole world. Probably almost the entire population on the world would die, and the ones who didn’t would have gotten a lot of illnesses caused by the radiation the bombs would created. This is probably also the reason for why this never became a hot war. The Cuban missile was a 13-day confrontation between the Soviet Union and Cuba on one side, and the United States on the other, in October 1962.
It is en of the major confrontations of the Cold War, and is the moment when the Cold War came closest to turning into a nuclear conflict. It happened when the Soviet Union (USSR) began building missile sites in Cuba in 1962. This is exactly 50 years ago It this picture you can see a Soviet nuclear bomb on Cuba. The United States considered attacking Cuba via air and sea, but decided On a military blockade instead, calling it a “quarantine” for legal and other reasons. When the world had held Iњs breath for 13 days, the bomb was finally removed. Historians disagree as to when the Cold War ended.
Some will say that it ended during the ass’s and ass’s when the IIS and Soviet Union had better relations. Others will say it ended when the Berlin Wall was torn down (1989) and others say it ended when the Soviet Union collapsed (1991). To sum up, I have talked about the cold war. This was a war that was fought indirectly between the United States and the Soviet Union. The point when a nuclear war was most likely to break out, was in the Cuban missile crisis. Historians disagree as to when the war ended, but most agree is was in 991, when the soviet union collapsed.
They were afraid of attacking each other because they both had a large number of nuclear weapons. My problem statement was: What would have happened if the cold war became hot? As I have talked about the consequences would have been very big. The two countries would have been completely destroyed, and probably almost the entire population of the world would have been destroyed. If a state attacks another with nuclear weapons, the state attacked will likely be able to attack back. The attacker must think that he will be destroyed if he attacks.