In the context of the Vietnamese society as the course has presented it through the online textbook so far, what evaluation can be made about the leadership styles and personal examples of Ho Chi Mini and Mongo Dinah Diem that would enable both of them to tap into the hearts and minds of the Vietnamese people and mobile support for their initiatives? Why, in Vietnam, was personal leadership so very important?
Refer to specific examples Introduction The Geneva Accords that took place in 1954 put an end to the First Indochina War and the beginning of two Vietnamese territories separated by a line of imprecation at 17th parallel: The Communist North or Democratic Republic of Vietnam with its capital in Hanoi and the Anti-Communist South or Republic of Vietnam with its capital in Saigon. Ho Chi Mini was in control of the North, while Mongo Din Diem commanded the South. Nevertheless, both differ in ideologies, and leadership, but with the common goal to bring freedom to Vietnam.
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In this essay, the leadership of both commanders in chief, in the context of Vietnamese society will be evaluated. This paper will show the reasons which help them to mobile support for their initiative by using examples and facts. Analysis Ho Chi Mini is a charismatic leader. He has an inordinate level of power and an emotional impact on his audience. He inspires the Vietnamese with the use of his political charisma. He uses this charismatic charm internationally and domestically.
He projects the image of a simple, humble, and passionate old man who puts a great touch of wisdom in what he does. This is what helps grow around him a charismatic cult. Ho Chi Mini was a fervent democrat who shares the belief that the will of the people must always be served and allowed to prevail. To mention a quotation from Ho: “If people in an independent country do to enjoy happiness and freedom then independence has no meaning. ” Ho Chi Mini is also a communist. Karl Marx and other leftist writers fascinate Ho Chi Mini who, at the end, joins communism.
Ho is one of the founders of the French Communist Party, who is inspired by the Russian Revolution and created in 1920. He visits the Soviet Union in 1924 where he writes to a friend and states that it is the duty of all communists to return to their own country to make contact with the masses to awaken, organize, unite and train them, and lead them to fight for freedom and independence. The quality of his leadership and the ability to apply communist ideologies to his country, desperate for change, ultimately strengthens Vietnamese nationalism and win him support from the entire nation.
Furthermore, Ho Chi Mini is a nationalist. During his entire life, Ho Chi Mini has been pursuing Vietnamese independence from France. He travels to France; there he goes to school, and incessantly writes letters to the French government, and tries to involuntary himself into the French governmental system. Ho also travels around the world trying to get help elsewhere in order to gain Vietnamese independence. Ho Chi Mini has developed nationalism among the Vietnamese people and embroiled them to fight for their independence.
Therefore, he has a large reputation as a nationalist hero. His perseverance and determination inspire the Vietnamese nation and win their faith and support. Mongo Din Diem is an autocratic leader who opposed the French Colonialism and Communism. Mongo Din Diem opposes the French colonial rule and the Viet Mini, during and after the Second World War, which was the communist-led national independence movement. As a strong anticommunist, he rejects an offer to serve in Ho Chi Minim’s brief postwar government in 1945.
While the First Indochina War is taking place, he spends several years in exile, trying to gain supports and ally politically with the Americans in hopes of leading a postwar government. He believes that his nation craves for a benevolent, authoritarian rule of enlightened elites. Mongo Din Diem shows favoritism for Roman Catholics. Mongo Din Diem is a devout catholic, member of Vietnamese catholic minority and the brother of their leading archbishop. He tends to appoint people who share his religious levels to positions of authority.
Catholics always hold a privileged position in Vietnam; they are exempt from land redistribution and given more aid and job promotions. At some point, the Catholic Church was the largest landowner in the country and most of the officials were Catholics. In his visit to Australia in 1957, Diem signals that he will discuss defense relations. Nevertheless, his extensive meeting with the catholic leaders prevents him from discussing defense relations. Therefore, his policies have always favored his co-religionists. Conclusion
In conclusion, we can say that the Vietnamese were craving for independence. To some extents that it would not really matter to them, if communism, democracy, or autocracy were the mechanisms used to help them reach that freedom they have hoped for so long. After the French Indochina War, two leaders such as Ho Chi Mini and Mongo Din Diem who share the same goal to set Vietnam free, but they differ from their ideology and politics. Ho Chi Mini was more of a charismatic leader, a nationalist who use communism as an engine to save his nation from oppression.