Although the industrial revolution had changed many different ways and ideas of Great Britain it has made a significant alteration to Britain’s social and cultural features through the effects of rapid arbitration, the change in Britain’s consumerism, the working conditions and the union movement for improved working conditions. These aspects then, consequently altered and shifted Britain’s demographics through the movement of people. Repatriations and population groupings had significantly changed during the industrial revolution.
After the industrial revolution many things began to change rapidly with new inventions such as the steam engine and the spinning jenny which revolutionized the production and manufacturing of goods. Manufacturing became more advanced and factories flourished from this as they could generate more products at a rapid rate which required little work, this generated huge amounts of money. As more inventions and factories came, it also brought in a mass amount of people to the area.
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The reason for this was that, with the new factories out it allowed more jobs and opportunities for people and so places such as Crawford became populated when factories became established by Richard Girth. An example of this development would be that one factory could’ve employed around 300 people without any skill while the domestic system squired only 2-3 people working with a set of crafts man ship. Hence factories created many divisions of labor allowing unskilled workers to come and work. Evidently this would have been quite beneficial to a huge amount Of people.
This then affected Britain socially as many people began to move towards areas with established factories. The depicts the success and wealth that the revolution had brought which then consequently attracted many people. This source is reliable as it demonstrates what a famous professor and politician thought of the effects of the revolution. With a more grouped population it allowed Britain to change its social and cultural features by the radical changes from factories. This revolutionized the workforce as it changed the nations working specializations and the increase in income and productivity.
The majority of people considerably benefited from this as there was growth to their family incomes. However for some others the creation of the factory meant a loss of their job as there was a lack of need for their craftsman ships. This then changed many people socially and consequently culturally as movements of people increased and the culturally as new working habits and establishments were made. Consumerism also took a big role in changing the nature of Britain’s culture and society.
Britain’s consumerism adapted accordingly as more goods and products were being manufactured alongside with the introductions of luxury items such as coffee, tea, tobacco and spices. From Britain’s technological development, mass amounts of different ranges of products were being manufactured at a rapid rate, this resulted in mass production. Britain had evolved to a technological powerhouse. Soon Britain’s consumerism had evolved from scarcity to the need and impulse to purchase luxuries and specialized goods. Because of the excess profit from factories there were many new entrepreneurs who started new businesses and products.
People and businesses began to make profit and money and slowly the middle-class rose. Undoubtedly the way Britain’s society and culture changed. Shops were becoming places where people congregated and met and shopping centers were suddenly established such as the New Exchange. This source is a taken picture documenting the growth and establishment of shops in Preston during 1856. This is a reliable source as it allows us to see the effects consumerism had onto Britain’s society and ultra. The source shows us the development of retail shops with the presence of many people.
This source is reliable as the photograph demonstrates the effects and change the consumerism brought to Britain’s society and culture. There was a massive change in consumerism as more people fell into impulse buying and into finding the need and desire for a product they didn’t need. Britain’s society had changed their views and attitudes towards cultural values and norms with the change in consumerism. However because of consumerism Britain’s economy flourished and factories and people benefited from this. With the establishment of factories the demand for workers increased drastically.
Although Britain’s factories, business, cotton and textiles industries flourished from consumerism the workforce was faced with horrible working conditions. Conditions in factories were appalling there was a lack of safety from government laws as they were not developed yet. Also to maximize on profit all safety hazards were not implemented into factories to save money. Consequently numerous children, women and men were injured or even killed from the active machinery. Mining was also dangerous job as children, women and men had to work in Orrville conditions.
The quality of air was very hot and dangerous with low oxygen levels. Often miners would fall to their deaths as they had nothing but rope to secure themselves. The majority of workers in factories and mines were children. This source, which was documented during 1828 shows the consequences of horrible working conditions in factories during 1828. This source analyses the conditions, the lack of safety precautions and the devastating effects this had onto a worker. The source also depicts the harsh environment and treatment that a worker would have experienced during 828 in many cotton factories.
This source is reliable evidence as it displays the attitudes and conditions of factories during the 19th century. This changed cultural values as many children were forced into child labor in very unforgiving conditions to provide further income to survive. The reason for child labor was that it was efficient and cheap which increased profits by benefiting from the massive gap In surplus value. Also the working conditions impacted socially onto Britain as the life expectancy was lowered from the results of the lack Of food, the spread Of diseases and the environments of irking conditions.
Fortunately later on after the Medias portrayal of the working conditions new laws were passed from the government to regulate working conditions and safety. However before this happened there were Union movements towards improving working conditions and to implement new laws. During the revolution there was a labor union movement to protest for improvement within the industrial sector. The union movement worked to raise wages, for fair working hours, safer working conditions and an abolition to child labor. In a sense Britain socially united for what they believed was eight and fair.
Culturally this allowed a new sense of identity as more people united together to fight as a movement to abolish unsafe and unfair working rules. Socially, this benefited Britain greatly as more children were becoming to be educated and being prevented from working in appalling working conditions. Soon during 1833 and 1842 new regulations and laws were established to prohibit the use of child labor. The Factory Act 1 833 and the Mines Act 1842 were the newly established laws. The Industrial revolution has undoubtedly changed Britain so enormously in uncountable aspects.