Vasso Skezas 3/9/11 ENGL 100 M17 Grammar Terms and Examples Noun-A person, thing, or idea. Example: Dog Subject-The part of a sentence that is who or what the sentence is about. Frank ran to the store. Verb-An action. Frank ran to the store. Predicate-The part of a sentence which modifies the subject. The dog is yellow. Subordinating Conjuction-A word which connects an independent and a dependent clause. Example:Although Coordinating Conjuction-A word which connects two independent clauses. For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.
Simple Sentence-Contains a subject, a verb, and expresses a complete thought. The dog ate. Compound Sentence-Contains two independent clauses connected by a coordinating conjunction. The dog ate yet he was still hungry. Complex Sentence-Contains an independent clause and a dependent clause connected by a subordinating conjunction. The dog ate food which he enjoyed. Compound-Complex Sentence-Contains more than one independent clause and at least one dependent clause, joined by both coordinating and subordinating conjunctions. The dog ate food which he enjoyed, yet he was still hungry.
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Prepositional Phrase-Contains a preposition(locator) and a noun. Example: At noon… Topic Sentence-First sentence of a unified paragraph which signifies what the paragraph will be about. Unsafe food poses significant health hazards. Unified Paragraph-Paragraph in which all the sentences refer back to the topic sentence. Unsafe food poses significant health hazards. For instance, mad cow disease causes the brain to break down. Raw cookie dough can cause salmonella. Well Developed Paragraph-Contains a claim, supporting evidence, and a concluding statement.
A vegan lifestyle is healthier than eating meat. Meat contains casein, which has been linked to cancer and Alzheimer’s, among other diseases. A study in China showed that people who did not eat meat had a much lower occurrence of these diseases. This shows that eating meat is unhealthy. Run on comma splice, fused sentence-Two improperly joined independent clauses joined by a comma. Two independent clauses strung together without punctuation. I ate food, I was no longer hungry. The ball is yellow it bounces. Independent Clause-Contains a subject verb and complete thought.
Can stand on its own as a simple sentence, or a part of a compound, complex, or compound-complex sentence. He ran. Dependent Clause-Not a complete thought, always contains a subordinating conjunction. While I was at the store. Fragment-. Dependent clause that does not stand on its own. Because I ate food. Transitional words/phrases-Help to continue a thought from a previous sentence. Therefore. Semi-Colon-Punctuation that can be used as a period or a subordinating conjunction. I slept in this morning; I did not get enough sleep last night.