It means to have the recognized right to control a territory both politically and militarily E)Territoriality integrity: territory controlled by a country(sovereign) l)The Modern State Idea A)Peace of Westphalia: negotiated In 1648, made up mutually recognized states. II)Matrons A)Nation: group of people who think of themselves as one based on a sense on shared culture and history. 1)Matrons vary from sharing a religion to sharing a history. Ill)Nation-State A)Anton-state: politically organized area In which nation and state occupy the same space. )few nation states as most states encompass different nations. B)Democracy: the idea that the people are the ultimate sovereign. IV)Multistage Nations, Multinational States and Stateless Nations A)Multinational-state: a state with more than one nation inside its borders. 1)The people of Yugoslavia never achieved a strong sense of Yugoslav nationhood. B)multistage nation: when a nation stretches across borders and across states 1)Transylvania Is an example of this.
C)stateless nation: when a nation does not have a state 1 OFF V)European Colonialism and the diffusion of the Nation-State Model A)colonialism: the imperial power exercising its power over its colonies. 1)For example the English empire in Africa. VI)Construction of the Capitalist World Economy A)scale: Seeing the whole instead of Just the unit. VII)The Enduring impact of the nation-state idea When their is problems within a state, the tendency is often to propose new state boundaries. How do states spatially organize their governments?
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A)centripetal: forces within the state that unify the people B)centrifugal: forces within a state that divide the people l)Form of Government A)unitary: government designed to ensure the central government’s authority over all parts of the state. L)the French Government divided the state into more than 90(94), whose preventatives came to Paris to express concerns but also to implement government decisions back home. B)federal: organizing state territory into regions, substrates, provinces or cantons.
II)Devolution A)devolution: the movement of power from the central of the government to regional governments. Ill)Electoral Geography A)territorial representation: representation per territory by population, I)US: Each state gets two representatives, and in the house of Representatives, members are defined based on population. B)reapportionment: process by which districts are moved according to population shifts. )After the 2010 census, several States in the Rust Belt lost representatives and sun belt states gained representatives.
C)splitting: Separating a people to maintain the majority of another population. 1) Hispanics are often separated to maintain the white majority. D)MaJority-minority districts: packed districts in which a majority of the population is from the minority. E)Gerrymandering: redistricting for advantage. How are boundaries established, and why do boundary disputes occur? A)boundary: vertical plane that cuts the subsoil and the airspace above dividing one state from another. )Establishing Boundaries States define boundaries like a treaty like legal document.
II)Types of Boundaries A)geometric boundaries: when boundaries are drawn using latitude and longitude. B)physical-political boundaries: boundaries that follow a feature in the natural landscape. 1)The ROI Grandee is an important physical-political boundary between the Us and Mexico. Ill)Boundary Disputes Because boundaries are the product of legal steps, when a country becomes understand the world? L)The British/American School A)heartland theory: “Who rules the East Europe commands the Heartland