Assignments B . Ed BESE-066: ADOLESCENCE AND FAMILY EDUCATION Answer the following questions in about 1500 words. i) Explain the meaning, nature and definition of Adolescence ii) Explain the factors responsible for charge in Indian family system. iii) You as a teacher must have carried out activities in class-room under value base interventions for adolescent and family health. Prepare a report on the activities carried out by you. * Explain the meaning, nature and definition of Adolescence INTRODUCTION: – Growing up is a natural process being at different states of their development.
The biological equipment with which we enter the world and environmental forces, which exert serve to shape individuality. Out of different stages of life, which we living beings go through, one such stage is adolescence. Adolescence is the period of transition from child-hood to adulthood. It is the most crucial and significant period of individual’s life. It is the period of rapid changes in the individual’s physical, mental, moral, spiritual, sexual and social outlook.
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It is generally thought to begin with the outset of puberty and it is also termed as period of learning, development, new dimension and also period of anxieties and complexity. Except in rare cases of severe biological abnormality, boys and girls achieve sexual maturity early in adolescence and physical maturity by the end of it. The real problem of adolescent lies in the area of social, emotional, moral and economic maturity. Etymologically the team adolescence comes from the Latin word ‘adolescence’ which means to grow or to grow to maturity.
If emerges from later childhood stage and merges into adulthood during which the child develops into a man or woman. To know if an individual has attended the age of adolescence, one must have direct observation of individual and growth, can also have genetic cases, we can also take attitude scales, on which adolescents to rate their reaction. We can also take projective techniques, non directive interviews, standerdised interviews, adult recollections and adolescent Diaries which constitute a good source of information and also questionaries and anecdots told about particular adolescents by their peers and superiors.
We can also know from the age of the given individual as he/she has reached the age of adolescence or not. Different Psychologist has define adolescence differently according to T. A . Hadfield (1962), “when we speak of adolescent as growing up, we mean that the youth is leaving behind the phase of protective childhood and is becoming independent. ” Jen Piaget defines adolescence as “the age of Great Ideas and the beginning of theories as well as the time of simple adaption of life. ” According to Stanley of Hall, the period of adolescence as a period of great stress and strain, storm and strife.
Based as the above definitions, we can say that adolescence is a process, rather than a period, a process of achieving the attitudes and beliefs, learning how things and ambitions through which an individual moves from childhood to adulthood. At adolescence sexual urges became predominant and they require proper direction. Since adolescence presents same complex problems to both the parents and also the teachers at school, so we should impart sex education to adolescents as students are at their adolescence age and they need a good counselling during this stream and stress period of time.
So what we can say is that a period a period of rapid physical, emotional, social and behaviour change in individual shows that he is in a adolescence, but here we should take in note that the age is also an important factor to determine the adolescence of and individual. Adolescence is a phase in the life spane where the very essence of which is characterized as ” transitional owing to sudden increase in the activities of adrenal glands and hormones. This is the stage which reflects developments of secondary sexual characterstics, self identity and sex drive.
Adolescence is a period of changing relations with parents, peer groups and opposite sex. This shows that during adolsence an individual goes through different changes from physical to mental, emotional, social-cultural changes and development and as such it is rightly been called the storm, strain and stress phase of the life by Stanley Hall. We could see from the above definition that adolescences is not a period but it is the process which takes some years to cross it or go to next stage.
Another important thing is that adolescence may start from 12 to 13 years but it does not have the upper age limit and it is not same with every individual. During adolescence, everyone goes through somewhat similar changes with their physical development, emotional, mental development, social cultural development of every individual may vary accordingly. It is effect by environment they live in and their knowledge which they get. Conclusion:
So what can conclude here with is that, during different phase of human being, there is some kind of change but during adolescence, there is the highest degree of change physically mentally, culturally and emotionally. So during this phase of life, individual should be guided properly. Q. 2. Explain the factors responsible for change in Indian family system. Introduction: Family as a social institution has undergone historical evolution and is witness changes in structure and function even to this day. Many changes have taken place in the Indian joint family.
We see many alternative family patterns, like single parent family, childless family, adoptive families and dual career families ect. Due to personal or socio-economic circumstances. However, the changes is largely understood in the context of the disintegration of traditional joint family and shift towards the modern nuclear family. Nuclear families are no doubt growing in number, especially in the urban centres, giving an impression that the joint family is gradually disappearing. However, the process exhibits a lots of diversity and interesting features.
A recent phenomenon which is being observed in the society is increase in the number of single parent families. The main factors responsible for change in the joint family system are industrialisation, urbanisation and modernisation, which are inter linked. With industrialisation there is growth of urban centres and consequent movement of people from village to cities. These processes brings in new pattern of living urban living characterised by dense population, diversification and specialisation of occupation, division of labour, anonymous and isolated surroundings.