The Upper Class made up of 5% of the population, but it controlled 30-40% of the wealth. Since the Lower Class did to own any Of the workhouses or properties they did not benefit from the Industrial Revolution because they were more prone to working long hours and getting diseases like Cholera. One example of an Upper Class man reaping the rewards of the Industrial Revolution was Edmund Cartridge. Edmund was born on the 24th April 1743 and he created the first power loom. The power loom was steam powered, that combined threads to make cloth.
Although it was clear that Edmund Cartridge overwhelmingly benefited from the Industrial Revolution because in 1 803, there were 2400 looms in the country and 54 years later there were 250000 looms. Searchlight’s power loom needed to be improved several times. Personally believe that this shows a lot about the Industrial Revolution as one inventor creates an idea and other entrepreneurs take and make it more sustainable and refine it. The textile industry changed hugely with the power loom and helped Britain become a wealthy country driving technology forward.
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With the size of the machines becoming to big for the average sized home, there was a need for a place to use these machines so Sir Richard Aright created the idea of a factory and he created the first true factory at Crawford, near Derby. His invention changed Britain. Before err long, this factory employed over 300 people. Nothing had ever been seen like this before. The domestic system only needed WV to three people working in their own home. By 1 789, the Crawford mill employed 800 people.
This was one the first cases of that lower class people missing out because In the early 1 8th century most of the lower class were employed in either agriculture or in a cottage industry where they produced, however the growth in factories in urban areas, resulted in more people migrating into the cities working in large factories. This was the first time that children and women were drawn into the labor market. During the industrial revolution Lower class children were exploited.
An example of this is from a source written by Charles Aberdeen who worked in a Manchester cotton factory: ‘The smallest child in the factories were scavengers, they go under the machine, while it is going………. It is very dangerous when they first come, but they become used to it”. This is clear example of Lower Class children being affected by the Industrial Revolution. However the government made a valid effect into refining the factory laws by passing the 1 856 factory act which stated that Children and women could only work from 6 a. M. To 6 p. M. In the summer ND 7 a. M. To 7 p. M. N the winter and that All work would end on Saturday at 2 p. M. With the increase of the amount of factories In Britain, there were some opposing parties that believed that all work should be done by hand. This party was called the Latitudes; they rose in popularity around 1811, in the vicinity of Nottingham, England. They rose behind General Ned Laud and started to break into the factories at night and destroy the mechanical looms and stocking frames. The raids and attacks continued for 4 years, becoming more and more serious, until Parliament decided the measures of increasing local police were not enough.
They passed the Frame Breaking Act in February of 1 812; it sentenced anyone convicted of breaking textile manufacturing machines were sentenced to death. This signaled the beginning of an even harsher conflict between the government and the attitudes. The Latitudes started killing mill owners and setting factories on fire. The British government embroiled the army to put the rebels down for good. Over 12,000 troops were embroiled and stationed around various factories to stem the rebellion. The British government also hired a sizable amount of people to spy on the Ululated meetings and report the plans back to the government.
Mass trials were held to convict and sentence the rebelling artisans to death. A Ululated raid in Derbyshire failed in 181 7 and lead to the death of the large majority of the Ululated ringleaders, effectively killing all organization the movement might have had. The Ululated Movement came to a halt in 1816 as the consequences became more severe and the factories security becoming more advanced. During the Agricultural Revolution, the roads were nothing more that dirt tracks that turned to mud in the winter and rock hard in the summer. In the course of 1 706, the Turnpike Trust was set up in a satisfactory effort to make dads more sustainable.
Private Companies would upkeep of public roads that were funded by wealthy members of the public. The money raised was spent on maintaining the roads. The Introduction of tollgates caused conflict between opposition that finally led to the Rebecca Riots. The Rebecca Riots took place between 1839 and 1843 in South and Mid Wales. They were a series of protests undertaken by local farmers and agricultural workers in response to perceived unfair taxation. The rioters, often men dressed as women, took their actions against tollgates, as they were tangible presentations of high taxes and tolls.
This is a clear example that shows the Lower Class citizens of Britain were aggravated at the Idea of the tollgates. However the most sufficient change during the Industrial Revolution was that of the Stockton to Darlington Railroad that was built by the royal navy and was open on the 27th September 1825. This benefited the upper Class of society because they were able to travel around Britain with a cheaper and quicker travel. A man who hugely benefited from this is Thomas Cook. Thomas Cook introduced the idea of package trips to the seaside.
After the introduction of the railway to Blackball, the city grew by 400%. This brought large amounts of wealth and fortune to the city and made Thomas Cook an extremely popular man. However this did not benefit all Upper Class people as the men and women that had invested in the canals lost lots of a money, a result of Train mania. This moment was short lived as the government a potential plan to increase the money they got from train fares. They did this by passing the 1844 Railway Act that stated that railway companies charged a maximum fare of old per mile traveled for third class travelers.
This tangentially shows that the Government was trying to recoup some of its money that they had lost funding for the train lines. I personally believe that this was an extremely beneficial or those that owned the train lines because there Was a sudden surge in the amount of people taking trains during the Industrial Revolution. However With the amount of people taking trains, it was an easy way for diseases to spread. However one of the disadvantages for the Lower and in some sacs the upper Class people was that there was an increase in people getting diseases like cholera and tuberculosis. Cholera was a greatly feared disease.