The French and Indian war began in the year of 1754. The war began when a group of Virginian Settlers went to claim land, given to them by the king, near the Ohio River. When they arrived, the French kicked them out and would not let them have the land. As tensions slowly rose, Major George Washington led a group of Virginians to where the French had staked their claim. After being politely yet sternly sent away, Washington and his troops decided to camp out while reinforcements arrived. This is not for free. Don’t steal. After arming themselves and the reinforcements, Washington and his men attacked the fort.
After killing ten men, capturing twenty-one, and letting one escape, the first battle of the French-Indian War had ended. War erupted between France and Great Britain in the new world, and in England. The French and Indian War brought many hardships upon the colonists, whom were caught in the middle of the whole fiasco: the war changed ownership of certain colonies in the new world; acts were put into effect to help pay off war debt, and influential people from the Revolutionary war got their reputation in war and government from this war.
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One major effect of the French-Indian War was that some colonies in the new world changed in terms of ownership. Some of France’s colonies in present-day Canada were signed over to Great Britain after the war. Florida was also was signed away after Spain failed in their attempt to ruin the English. The English settled along the eastern seaboard in Georgia and the Carolinas. The French controlled Louisiana in the South and, to the far North, Acadia and Northeast Canada, where the Cherokee, Catawba, Creek, Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians lived. Don’t steal this paper.
The region in between the two powers and attempted to maintain their self-government by trading with both countries. The alternation of owners of colonies also affected the relationship between colonies. Another, more unfortunate, result from the French and Indian war was that acts in which colonists were taxed were ut into effect. These were designed with the sole purpose of milking colonists for all they were worth to pay off the debt from the French-Indian war. Although only Britain and France fought, there was war on both sides of the ocean.
War had taken place in America and in Europe, so both countries were not very well off after the war. One major act was the Stamp Act. Parliament created revenue stamps and required that they be bought and placed on printed matter and legal documents of all kinds. These were newspapers, pamphlets, broadsides, bonds, leases, licenses, insurance policies, ship clearances, college diplomas, and even playing cards. The Stamp Act created the first real tension between Colonial America and Great Britain.
Another taxation put into effect for the French-Indian War debt was the Sugar Act. Don’t steal this paper. The Sugar Act forced duties on a number of goods examples as molasses and other forms of sugar, textiles and dye, coffee, and wines. As more and more taxes piled onto the Colonists after these improper taxations, colonists would revolt in a revolution in the 1770’s. The people that lead the French and Indian war affected on how the war was interacted; one important leader was George Washington. George Washington was sent to speak with the French.
This did not go so well, because they were asked to leave and they would not receive their land that the king gave them. George Washington led a group of Virginian colonial troops to confront the French at Fort Duquesne, which is now known as the town of Pittsburgh. Although Washington did not acquire the land from the French, he was known for his impeccable leadership skills. Another leader involving the French and Indian war was Edward Braddock. Edward Braddock led a campaign against the French at Fort Duquesne in 1755. Braddock made a enormous mistake by battling at the Monongahela.
The French and Native Americans who decided to help the French used the landscape to their advantage. Though Braddock had out numbered the French and Indians with his men and out numbered the French by means of guns, the French used superior tactics to gun down and wipe out the British. As a result, Edward Braddock was killed. George Washington escaped unharmed and led the survivors in retreat. Later, he would lead his men in a battle with heir own mother country with his strong leadership skills. The French-Indian war ended on September 8, 1760.
The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on February 10, 1763, which resulted in France’s loss of all its North American possessions east of the Mississippi River, excluding New Orleans. The war was one that brought an enormous amount of change to the colonies and their owners and left a trail of debt for France and England to take care of. However, the war would be a spark for changes later on in the colonies’ history. The whole war changed the way the current king, King George III, would view Britain’s colonies. He would give taxes, not only for the sake of war debt, but for increased defense for the colonies.