Thus, colonists immediately protested the Stamp Act. While colonist leaders sent representatives to the Stamp Act Congress asking Parliament to repeal or cancel it all together, violent protests were erupted through the colonies. In several cities, mobs attacked stamp distributors’ houses and businesses as well as those of government officials. These actions were partially coordinated by a growing network of groups known as the “Sons of Liberty”. The famous slogan “Taxation without representation” stemmed from this act. 3.
The Stamp Act led to the introduction of colonial boycotts of British goods cause people could not afford this tax nor felt that it was in their rights to pay it. This move put the British economy, which exported about 40 percent of its manufactures to America, in considerable danger. 4. The fact that tax was repealed showed the American people that it was possible for them to oppose British rule peacefully and get results. Thus, this act was the beginning to the attainment of our American independence from Britain. One example of further protest from the awareness of their opposition would be the Boston Tea party.
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This was a protest against the Townsend Act (tariff n tea), however, without noting the positive results (getting the Act repealed) from the Stamp Act boycotts and riots these boycotts would have not taken place. 5. With all the opposition on British Government came great conflict between the American colonists and the British. Tension was gradually rising between civilians and British soldiers. This was one of the disputed disagreements that had steered to the Boston Massacre which was a violent act on the colonists by the British.
Shays Rebellion: Daniel Shays of western Massachusetts led a revolt of rammers to protest the state’s high taxes, which had been increased to unprecedented heights in order to pay back debts. 1 As a result to the rebellion leaders lost faith in the Articles of Confederation that this movement ultimately led to the constitution. There was little confidence in the national government under the Articles. 2. The Articles provided for a very weak central government, and Shays’ rebellion illustrated it weakness. People feared the rebellion would get out of control and that we needed a stronger, not weaker, central government.
Thus, the American Illinois went seeking for a stronger more stable central government. 3. The uprising prompted many in the government to call for reform. Multiple calls were made for a central government with more power. Several states, including New York, agreed to meet in Annapolis, Maryland to discuss possible amendments to some areas of the Articles of Confederation. 4. The rebellion led to the writing of the new constitution. The new constitution includes Sherman Great Compromise that combined the New Jersey and Virginia Plan. 5.
Americans realized there were elements of conflict between social classes from the actions of Shays rebellion. This provoked a series Of similar revolts by farmers in other states. Kansas-Nebraska Act: A controversial 1854 legislation that opened Kansas and Nebraska to white settlement; free or slave territory? 1 . The Kansas- Nebraska had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820. Which allowed colonists to decide either territory would be antislavery or pro-slavery. 2. This act legalized the concept of “popular sovereignty”, which allowed the settlers of the new territories to decide if slavery would be legal, or not.
Anti-slavery advocates were outraged because, under the terms of the Missouri Compromise, slavery would have been outlawed in both territories, but this act would make it conceivable depending on the outcome of the vote. 3. After the Act was passed, pro-slavery and anti- slavery settlers rushed to Kansas, each side hoping to determine the results of the first election held after the law went into effect. The conflict turned violent (hence the name “bloody Kansas”) and aggravated the split between the North and South. 4.
Thus, this caused a mini civil war in Kansas from competing state governments. Anti-slavery and pro-slavery settlers began to fight over land, towns, water, and there was little law and order. 5. Every northern Whig had opposed the bill; almost every southern Whig voted for it. With the emotional issue of slavery involved, there Was no Way a common ground could be found. Most of the southern Whig soon were swept into the Democratic Party. Northern Whig reorganized themselves with other non- slavery interests to become the Republican Party. Thus the Whig party was no more.
Manifest Destiny(1 835-1850): the 19th-century doctrine or belief that the expansion of the US throughout the American continents was both justified and inevitable. 1. With the belief that the US had the right to expand westward came actual western expansion. Western expansion had a generally negative effect on Native Americans driving them out of their territories. 2. The manifest-destiny passion also aggravated territorial tensions with Britain-??tensions that had been mounting since the War Of 1812. Although some disputes had been temporarily settled during Monomer’s and Dame’s presidencies, several major issues remained unresolved.
Some f the disputes include the issue over for control of land in northern Maine called the Arrestors war, and the conflict over the land of Oregon. 3. Settlers moving west took any of several major routes, most of which started in Missouri. Of these, the Oregon Trail is most famous. Hundreds of thousands of Americans moved to Oregon Territory (now Washington, Oregon, and Idaho) during the years before the Civil War, most of them settling in the fertile Willamette Valley. 4. Additionally, western expansion navigated the US to a gold rush located in California. As a result of the riches California became a boomtown.