What was going historically during this era? What was life like? 3. Was did the term Baroque originally mean? An insult to describe a misshapen or oddly colored pearl 4. Why did early baroque composers favor homophony? 5. What texture did late baroque composers prefer? Polyphonic 6. The musical style of the Baroque era began in what country and then spread Throughout Europe? Italy 7. Church modes gradually gave way to what?
Major/ minor scale/tonal system 8. Did instrumental music become Just as important as vocal music? . What are some characteristic traits of baroque rhythms? Regular meter and bar lines are finally present: rhythmic patterns repeated throughout a piece. 10. What are some characteristic traits of baroque melodies? Elaborate and ornamental; not symmetrical (phrases not of equal length); melodic patterns. 11 . What are the dynamics like in Baroque music? 12. Were chords becoming more Important? No 13. What voices or parts become more important?
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Bass- because of the choral structure (root of the chord in the bass), soprano-??because of the melody lines. 14 . What is the basso continuo? What instruments play it? The bass line/part of the music In addition to the group of Instruments playing the part. Keyboard and a cello, bassoon, etc. 15. What was a baroque orchestra like? 16. What family of instruments were the most important? Strings 17. What is a movement? Did baroque compositions often consist of multiple movements? A movement Is an Independent section of a larger work, Like a chapter of a book.
It Is often related In some way (by key structure or melodic or rhythmic motif) to the larger work as a whole. Baroque music was often segmented into movements, slow- sat-slow (French Overture) or fast-slow-fast (The sinning, or Italian overture), and Into dance movements, as in Handel’s Water Music or Bach’s lute suites 18. What Is the primary or most Important way that the movements might contrast one another? Tempo 19. What is opera? What does it include? Where was it invented? Dramatic vocal form blending visual, literary, and musical arts, in which all dialogue is sung.
Costumes, sets, props, and it’s staged. Florence, Italy. 20. What is the libretto? The words to the opera 21 . What is an aria? More lyrical, song like portion of an opera. Not speech like, for a solo voice 22. What is a recitative? Rapid words advancing story quickly and clearly sung, it imitates the natural rhythms of speech. Progresses the story. Only accompanied by the basso continuo. 23. What Is a ad capo aria? Ternary (ABA) form. The text for both A sections is exactly the same. Singers typically ornamented or embellished the 2nd A Section 24.
What is the ground bass aria? Has a repeated pattern in the bass 25. What is the first significant opera? L’Oreal 26. What Is an oratorio? Like an opera but not staged; based on biblical stones 27. What Is a passion? Type of oratorio based on the life, death, and resurrection of 1 OFF Protestantism 29. What is a church cantata? A very short onstage opera written for instruments and one or two voices in a single scene or situation 30. What is a sonata? Instrumental work with 4 contrasting movements. What are the different types?
Solo, trio, sonata De camera, sonata De chaise 31 . What is a fugue? A carefully worked out polyphonic piece of music using a theme, subject or motive that occurs in all voices 32. What is a prelude? A rambling, improvisatory sounding piece that is often paired Ninth and played before a fugue 33. What is a suite? Often called a Baroque or dance suite) A collection of dances. Written only for instruments. All dances were in the same key center to unify the dances. 34. What is a confusion? An Italian word for symphony. 35. What is the concerto gross?