Explanation of what a marketing audit is: The purpose of a marketing audit is to review and appraise existing marketing activities and to look at the way the marketing Is planned and managed, giving the opportunity for a systematic examination of each element of the organizations current marketing actively and achievements, and to objectively evaluate the effectiveness of the organizations Investment In marketing. The marketing audit assists in the evaluation of the whole marketing activity, and provides the tools to assess past and present performance to provide a basis for evaluating possible torture courses of action.
You are able to discover the strengths and weaknesses in relation to opportunities and threats you face as an organization and to identify the marketplace the organization operates in and provide a snap shot of the current situation. It helps to determine how cost effectively each element of the marketing activity is helping the organization meet its overall goals and pinpoint more effective uses for the marketing resources. Most audits review core elements of an organizations marketing strategy including Its branding; messaging; marketing channels; marketing campaigns and sales tools.
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There are various types of audits In which Include a SOOT analysis, PEST, competitor analysis, Internal audit, external audit, and Porters five forces analysis that are Included with the marketing audit. An organization needs to conduct a full marketing audit at the start of any marketing planning process, and also conduct brief audits or update the current audit at regular intervals whilst carrying out marketing activities. The beginning of a new year or budget period is a good time to conduct a marketing audit. There are key people within the organization that will need to be involved in compiling the marketing audit.
The main people needed are the marketing, senior management, communications and accounting departments; however, If possible, the brand management, sales, product management and development, and public relations people will be of use. Characteristics off marketing audit: A marketing audit needs to be comprehensive (covers all marketing Issues); strategic (will Include a strategy for steps); systematic (orderly sequence of steps); rigorous; unbiased; periodic (should be carried out periodically) and independent (conducted by an outside or independent party).
It should assess the organization on the ability to analyses the environment; develop effective marketing strategies and execute the marketing tactics and strategies. It should be methodical, unbiased and include set steps to follow. The marketing audit examines the marketing environment; marketing strategy; the structure of the marketing division; marketing systems; marketing productivity and marketing functions. There are 6 components that need to be included: marketing environment audit; marketing strategy audit; marketing organization audit; marketing systems audit; marketing productivity audit and racketing function audit.
The brief overview of the process to complete a marketing audit Is as follows: * Prepare a proposal Complete an external audit Complete an internal audit * Prepare report The proposal report should cover the main research project, what the research objectives are, how you plan to research the market, when you plan to research (including timeliness) and a budget. This is pitched at senior management and department representatives. The external environment is broken into 2 sections: the macro environment and the micro environment.
The macro environment includes lattice; economic; social; technological; and the competitive environment. The micro environment is the marketplace; competitors; distributes; dealers; suppliers and facilitators. The internal audit consists of strategy, organization, systems, productivity and functions. The final stage is the report where conclusions are drawn and recommendations made with a priorities action plan. The marketing audit will help ensure the organization is well positioned in the marketplace – whether the right market is being targeted, and the products and services are competitive and effective.
It will assist in assessing whether the organization has the required capabilities, structure and resources to pursue market opportunities and improve the market position. Some of the benefits of an audit are to provide an in-depth picture of what you are doing; to spread awareness throughout the business; build internal relationships; improve marketing efficiency and effectiveness; and provide insight into the improvement of marketing planning.
The audit will enable senior management to discover the organizations strengths and weaknesses in relation to the opportunities and threats faced in the marketplace, and assist in identifying ore effective uses of marketing resources. Practical examples of how a marketing audit can assist an organization: Austereness -internally they had only 35% recall of messages, so they couldn’t expect any more than 35% customer recall. This was a problem that was identified through a marketing audit that obviously needed fixing.