How does Wilson describe the “colonial mind”? Belief that because British politicians were corrupt the English constitution was in a debate, belief in high rights, Life, liberty and property a war of Ideology not economics. 2. What are unalienable rights? Rights that people have simply because they are people. 3. What does Wilson mean by the real revolution? It involved more than Just economics and trade, it eventually changed the world. 4. What were the Articles of Confederation and what were their problems? It created a little more than a “league of friendship. Some robbers it had were it couldn’t regulate or levy taxes, it couldn’t finance the army and there was no national Judicial system. 5. What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention of 1787? It was to revise the articles of confederation to try and fix its problems. 6. What role did the state constitutions play in the Constitutional Convention? They tried to avoid problem s of things that were not working in the United States. 7. What were the lessons from Shay’s rebellion? I showed how ineffective the constitution was. 8. How does Wilson characterize the framers of the Constitution?
They were young but experienced, George Washington was tall, athletic man who was the best horseman in VA. And he impressed everyone with his dignity despite decaying teeth and big eyes. James Madison was the opposite of Washington, he was quite short with a frail body, and not much of an narrator but possessed to one of the best minds in the country. Benjamin Franklin was the most famous American In the world as a esculents and writer although he was old and Ill. Alexander Hamilton was the Illegitimate son of a French woman and a Scottish merchant. He had so strong a mind powerful a desire that he succeeded In everything he did. . What were the major challenges faced by the framers of the Constitution? What should be done about slavery, how much power people should have, how much liberty people should have, finding the right balance. 10. What were the elements and Justifications behind the (a) Virginia Plan, (b) New Jersey Plan, and (c) Great Compromise? A. ) Proposal to create a strong national government. B. ) Proposal to create a weak national government. C. ) Plan to have a popularly elected house based on state population and a state- selected senate, with two members of each state. 11 .
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Define and give the significance of (a) republics, (b) judicial review, (c) federalism, (d) enumerated powers, (e) reserved powers, and (f) concurrent powers. A. ) A government in which elected representatives make the decisions. B. ) the power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional. C. ) Government authority shared by national and local governments. D. ) Powers given to the national government alone. E. ) Powers given to the state government alone. T. ) Powers shared by the national and state governments. 12. What did the framers of the constitution think about human nature?
Thought people were ambitious and self-interested. They thought that people want power and want control. 13. Define and explain the significance of (a) separation of powers and (b) factions. A. ) Constitutional authority is shared by three deferent Trances AT government. ; It noels Aviva ten impulse Ana anuses AT power given to a person or group and it distinguishes the different and separate groups including their responsibilities and limits. B. )A group with a distinct political interest. It prevents any single government from dominating all of government. 14. List the heck and balances found in the Constitution.
Can check the president in these ways: a. ) By refusing to pass a bill the president wants. B. ) By passing a law over the president’s veto c. ) By using the impeachment powers to remove the president from office. D. ) By refusing to approve a presidential appointment. E. ) By refusing to ratify a treaty the president has signed. 2. Can check the federal courts in these ways: a. ) By changing the number and Jurisdiction of the lower courts. B. ) by using the impeachment powers to remove a Judge from office. C. ) by refusing to approve a arson nominated to be a Judge. The president 1.
Can check congress by vetoing a bill it has passed. 2. Can check the federal courts by nominating Judges. The courts 1. Can check congress by declaring a law unconstitutional. 2. Can check the president by declaring actions by him or his subordinates to be unconstitutional or not authorized by law. 15. Compare and contrast the major differences between the Federalist and Anti- Federalist positions. Federalist positions are those who far a stronger national government. They are sometimes called the “nationalists. ” They are the presents of he constitution. Anti-Federalists are those who favor a weaker national government.
They are classified as the opponents of the Federalists. They have been called the “states righter. ” 16. What is the significance of the Federalist Papers? How does the concept of coalition relate to the Federalist Papers? The Federalist papers outlined the form of government preferred by the federalists, including John mason and Alexander Hamilton. Most of their program was enacted and established the foundations for the current US system of government. Coalition which is an alliance f factions, relates to the federalist papers by having a diversity of interests and opinions which would help it succeed.