Hospital Management System aims at hospital and patient management. It stores and processes patient data, accounting information, hospital administration and inventory updates with a client-server approach. The interface should be user friendly and simple. HAMS provides better information regarding patients, pharmacy and staff. It shows the system of staff working in the hospital. In addition to that the management of hospital has decided to automate their functioning like doctor’s detail, room detail etc. There are many doctor working in the hospital.
The doctor’s name, contact number and specialization must be recorded. When the patient is admitted to the hospital, his particulars along with the reason of admission must be recorded. If it is an accident case, additional information such as Police man’s identification number, his name and accident description should be recorded. Goals of the system: 1 Planned approach towards working: – Nine working In ten organization wall De well planned and organized. The data will be stored properly in data stores, which will help in retrieval of information as well as its storage. . Accuracy: – The level of accuracy in the proposed system will be higher. All operation would be done correctly and it ensures that whatever information is coming from the center is accurate. 3. Reliability: – The reliability of the proposed system will be high due to the above stated reasons. The reason for the increased reliability of the system is that now there would be proper storage of information. 4. No Redundancy: – In the proposed system utmost care would be that no information is repeated anywhere, in storage or otherwise.
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This would assure economic use of storage space and consistency in the data stored. 5. Immediate Retrieval of Information: – The main objective of proposed system is to roved for a quick and efficient retrieval of information. Any type of information would be available whenever the user requires. 6. Immediate Storage of Information: – In manual system there are many problems to store the largest amount of information. 7. Easy to Operate: – The system should be easy to operate and should be such that it can be developed within a short period of time and fit in the limited budget of the user.
Components: It can be composed of one or a few software components with specialist-specific extensions as well as of large variety of sub-systems in medical specialties. Laboratory Information system (LIST) Radiology Information system (IRIS) Clinical Information system (CICS) Financial Information System (FISH) Nursing Information System (EN’S) Pharmacy Information System (PIPS) Picture Archiving Communication System (PIP) Laboratory Information System (LIST): Laboratory Information System is a class of software which handles receiving, processing and storing information generate by medical laboratory processes.
These systems often must interface with instruments and other information systems such as hospital information system. LIST include Biochemistry, immunology, blood bank Donor and Transfusion Management), and microbiology. Radiology Information system (IRIS): Radiology is the study and use of X-rays and similar radiation in medicine. Rolls is a computers outages uses Day radiology departments to store, annulated Ana distribute patient radiological data.
Clinical Information System (CICS): A Clinical Information System is a computer based system that is designed for collecting, storing, manipulating and making available clinical information important to the healthcare delivery process. Financial Information System (FISH): Financial Information Systems are computer systems that manage the business aspect of a hospital. While healthcare organization’s primary priority is to save lives and not making profits, they do acquire running costs from day to day operations; including purchase and staff payroll.
Nursing information System (EN’S): Nursing Information Systems are computer systems that manage clinical data from a variety of healthcare environments, and made available in a timely and orderly fashion to aid nurses in improving patient care. Pharmacy Information System (PIPS); Pharmacy Information Systems are complex computer systems that have been designed to meet the needs of a pharmacy department. Through the use of such systems, pharmacists can supervise and have inputs on how medication is used in a hospital.
Picture Archiving Communication System (PACE): Picture Archiving Communication System is a term to describe a set of systems that facilitate the archiving, processing and viewing of digital radiological images and their related information. Modules involved: The various modules involved are represented in the following figure: Information Management in Hospitals: Definition of information management in hospitals: Information management in hospital is the sum of all management activities in capital that process information to fulfill the strategic hospital goals into hospital success.
Therefore, it manages the maintenance and operation of an appropriate information system for the hospital. Definition of hospital information systems: Hospital information systems can be characterized by their functions, their types of processed information and their types of services offered. In order to support patient care and the associated administration, the tasks of hospital information systems are to provide: Information, primarily about patients, in away that it is correct, pertinent ND up to date, accessible to the right persons at the right location in a usable format.
It must be correctly collected, stored, processed, and documented; Knowledge, primarily about diseases??but also for example about drug actions and adverse effects to support diagnosis and therapy; Information about the quality of patient care and about hospital performance and costs. This highlight that hospital information systems have to provide high quality communication between the various hospital sectors in terms of both information and knowledge related functions. Calculations AT International management tasks In nationals:
The general tasks of management are planning, directing, and monitoring. For information management in hospitals this means: planning the hospital information system, respectively its architecture, directing its establishment and its operation, and Monitoring its development and operation with respect to the planned objectives. With respect to its scope information management can be differentiated into strategic, tactical, and operational management. Strategic information management in hospitals: Strategic information management deals with the hospital’s information processing s a whole.
It depends strictly on the hospital’s business strategy and strategic goals and has to translate these into well fitting information strategy. The result of strategic information management planning activities is a strategic information management plan. The plan includes the direction and strategy of information management and gives directives for the construction and development of the hospital information system by describing its intended architecture. The strategic plan is the basis for strategic project portfolios.
They contain concrete projects, which implement the objectives of the strategy, and shall be revised regularly. Directing a hospital information system as part of strategic information management means to transform the strategic plan into action, I. E. To systematically manipulate the hospital information system in order to make it conform to the strategic plan. Strategic information management and in result the strategic plan are the vital requirement for tactical and operational information management in a hospital. Tactical information management in hospitals: Tactical management deals with certain enterprise functions, I. . Tit hospital functions as for example the planning and documentation of operations. It aims to construct or to maintain components of the hospital information system. Planning in tactical information management means planning of projects and all resources needed. Even though projects of tactical information management are based on the strategic plan they need a specific I. E. Tactical project plan. This plan has to describe the project’s subject and motivation, the problems to be solved, the aims to be achieved, the tasks to be performed, and the activities to be undertaken to reach the aims.
Based on that directing in tactical management means the execution of such projects of tactical information management in hospitals. Therefore, it includes typical tasks of project management like resource allocation and coordination, motivation and training of the personnel etc. Monitoring means continuously checking, whether the initiated projects are running as planned and whether they will still produce the expected results. Operational International management In nationals: Operational information management is responsible for maintaining the installed capital information system and its components.
It has to care for its operation in accordance with the strategic plan. Planning in operational information management means planning of all resources like organizational structures, finance, personnel, rooms, buildings that are necessary to ensure the faultless operation of all components of the hospital information system. These resources need to be available for a longer period of time. Directing means the sum of all management activities, which are necessary to ensure proper reactions to operating faults of components of he hospital information system I. . To provide back-up facilities, to operate a helpless etc. Directing in this context deals with engaging the resources planned by the strategic plan in such a way that faultless operation of the hospital information system is ensured. Monitoring deals with verifying the proper working and effectiveness of all components of the hospital information system. Strategic information management plans in hospitals: A strategic information management plan documents, how the goals of a particular hospital shall be supported by information technology.
Therefore, it describes how information management will be organized, what the different working groups have to do and how the various stakeholders are concerned. The strategic plan defines direction and schedule for all tactical and operational information management activities in the hospital. Stakeholders and their concerns: There are various stakeholders involved in the creation, updating, approval, and use of strategic plans: Top management, Funding institutions, Employees, e. G. Physicians, nurses, administrative staff, Clinical, administrative, and service departments,
Information management departments. Consultants, Hardware and software vendors. These stakeholders may have different expectations from a strategic plan and are involved in different life-cycle phases of strategic plans: Creation, I. E. Writing a first plan, Approval, I. E. Making some kind of contract among the stakeholders, Deployment, I. E. Asserting that the plan is put into practice, Use, I. E. The involved stakeholders refer to the plan whenever needed, Updating, when a new version is required. Top management is interested in seamless and cost-effective operation of the hospital.
They approve the plans, probably together with the funding institutions, wanly are primarily Interested In ten Atlanta consequences. Employees as well as the different hospital departments should be involved in eliciting the requirements, since they will use the resulting information systems. IM departments will usually create and maintain proposals for the plans. They are interested in clearly defined requirements for their work, reflecting tactical management issues. Additionally the IM department usually has to deploy the plan, which cannot be done without effective backing from the top management.
Front-end selection: 1. It must have a graphical user interface. 2. Scalability and extensibility. 3. Flexibility. 4. Robustness. 5. According to the organization requirement and the culture. 6. Must provide excellent reporting features with good printing support. 7. Platform independent. 8. Easy to debug and maintain. Back-end selection: 1. Multiple user support. 2. Efficient data handling. 3. Provide inherent features for security. 4. Efficient data retrieval and maintenance. 5. Stored procedures. 6. Popularity. 7. Operating System compatible. 8. Easy to install. 9. Various drivers must be available. . Easy to implant with the Front-end. Operational Feasibility: The software should be operationally feasible. Every user can operate it easily. The software must be user-friendly. It is mainly related to human organizations and political aspects. The points to be considered are: want changes wall De Drought Walt ten system? What organization structures are disturbed? What new skills will be required? Do the existing staff members have these skills? If not, can they be trained in due course of time? The system is operationally feasible as it very easy for the End users to operate it.
It only needs basic information about Windows platform. Hardware/Software Requirement: Hardware used for the system should be easily available in the market and portable. The system should be easily run-able on any type of hardware. It should not be hardware specific. Software required for the running or creation of the software should be easily available. Its configuration should be less so that everybody can easily buy the software required to run it. List of Tables: There should be a list of following the table to store the information: POD Records List Admission List Doctor Detail Pharmacy Detail
Patient Billing POD Records List: It stores the information regarding the POD patient. It must contain: 1. Patient’s name 2. Age 3. Sex 4. Problem 5. Department No. 6. Doctors ID to be consulted, etc. Admission List: It stores the information regarding those patients who are admitted to the hospital. It contains following attributes: 1. Patient’s ID 2. Patient’s Name 3. Address 4. Phone No. 5. Father/Husband’s Name 6. Charges 7. Ward No. 8. Room No. 9. Bed No. 10. Consulted Doctor 11 panorama changes, etc. Doctor Detail: It contains the details of the doctors who are working in the hospital.
They may be jugular or part time/visiting doctors, their specialized field, attributes: 1 . Doctor’s ID 2. Doctor’s Name 3. Qualification 4. Specialization 5. Address 6. Full time/part time/visiting 7. Timing schedule 8. No. Of patients under supervision, etc. Pharmacy Detail: It contains the medicine available in the hospital, their stock, price etc. It must contain the following attributes: 1. Medicine ID 2. Name 3. Type of Medicine 4. Pharmaceutical Name 5. Expiry Date 6. Manufacturing Date 7. Price 8. Stock in hand, etc. Patient pharmacy: It consists all the medicines which have been taken up by the attain.
It records the detail of each medicine which has been taken by the patient so that they can easily charge at the time of discharging the patient. Patient ID Patient Name Phone No. Medicine ID Sty. Total amount Patient Laboratory: It contains all the lab reports of each patient. It must have the following fields: patient Name Test Name lappet lest Report Charges, etc. Accidental Patient: It consists the complete record of the patient having accidental issue. It must have the following fields: Patient old People ID Police Name Patient Billing: It contains the discharging report of each patient who is admitted to the hospital.
It contains the summary report of each patient. For e. G. : 1. Patient_old 2. Admission Charges 3. Bed Charges 4. Lab Charges 5. Pharmacy Charges 6. Other Charges 7. Date of discharging 8. Status of Patient 9. Prescription, etc. Benefits: Improve operational and streamlining operations. Maintain patient’s database. Maintain global standards. Reduce manpower. Accuracy Better customer service Improved management and control. Neat formatted report. Conclusion: The project Hospital Management System (HAMS) is for computerizing the working in a capital.
The software takes care of all the requirements of an average hospital and is capable to provide easy and effective storage of information related to patients that come up to the hospital. T generates test reports; prove prescription details Including various tests, 01 advice, and medicines prescribed to patient and doctor. It also provides injection details and billing facility on the basis of patient’s status whether it is an indoor or outdoor patient. The system also provides the facility of backup as per the requirement. References: www. Google. Com www. Yahoo. Com www. Reedier. Com