When harmful substances make the air, land or water dirty. Pollutant ?? A harmful substance that causes pollution, such as exhaust fumes. There are many different causes of marine pollution. I am going to analyses all the different ways in which marine pollution happens, and the effects that this has on the environment, and if there are any solutions. People exploit the sea in a number of ways, such as for leisure activities, for hydro- electric rower and for traveling.
Some causes of marine pollution are; dumping at sea. This is where ships dispose of rubbish in the sea. It is also done through sewage sludge and dredging. Disposing Of hazardous waste at sea. This is where harmful substances are disposed into the sea. This includes dumping dangerous chemicals etc. And finally, marine transport, like boats. These produce CA when moving, and also can have oil leaks and other cargo spills which will damage the marine ecosystem. These causes of marine pollution eve a number of effects on the environment, animals, and us as people.
Don’t waste your time!
Order your assignment!
Human health can be threatened. People who go into the sea, especially people who use the sea a lot, like surfers, are exposing themselves to potentially harmful chemicals and toxins in the sea. If the surfers were to accidentally swallow some of the water, or if the water managed to get into their body, they could be affected by the chemicals, and it could make them very ill. Marine pollution also has effect on the land, as some of the rubbish hat is dumped can be washed back up on to our beaches.
This has an impact on humans because people don’t want to visit a beach covered in rubbish. This effectively means that disposing of waste in the sea doesn’t solve the problem, as rubbish will still come back up to land and it is also creating another type of pollution – visual pollution. Not only does marine pollution have an effect on humans, it also has an effect on animals. Animals can have their habitats ruined by marine pollution. The animals can also get intimidate and could also eventually die.
Not only this, but if pollution get too bad, entire species of animals can become extinct. Finally, it also damages the environment. Chemicals and toxins as well as CA create air pollution, which damages the ozone layer. Also this will have an effect on humans, as we will not have as clean air as we should have. Also, marine pollution creates litter pollution all over the ground, which links with the idea of visual pollution. However, it’s not all bad. There are solutions to stopping marine pollution.
Pressure from people on the government can influence their decisions about pollution or anything else. The UN has set up legislation, which informs people about what and how much people can dump. If this is not followed, there are hefty fines. The Marine Conservation Society (MASC.) are a UK based charity who are dedicated to caring for our seas, shores and wildlife. They are volunteers, who do their bit to keep our marine ecosystem clean and more pleasant. Pressure group action is trying to make people aware of marine pollution, and what people can do to help.