Nowadays, climate change has become a global issue. Many carbon dioxide emissions from cars and factories, problems from misapplication of resources and nuclear warfare and experiments may lead to global warming. Globally, extreme weather variety is predicted to become more common which have influenced ecological balance, that animals, plants and crops are all expected to be badly affected which makes them unfit for an extreme climate. In this sense, the term, managing the problem of climate change can be defined as controlling weather variation like global warming.
The term, not the responsibility of developed nations only means that climate change is a common task for mankind, developing countries also have the responsibility to manage climate change. Therefore, unless more developing countries are participating in taking methods to preserve the environment, successful results will not be achieved. Controlling the issue of climate change is not only the responsibility of developed countries but also the responsibility of developing countries.
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The best way that both developing and developed countries should do, is to improve emission treatment systems, control population growth, exploitation of resources and to plant more trees and stop nuclear weapon experiments and war which cause environmental pollution, which may change the climate. Developing countries and developed countries both have responsibilities to manage the problem of climate change, especially to improve emission treatment systems in developing countries.
Generally, developing countries have to all participate to control global warming, because the scale of their emissions is rapidly approaching parity with developed countries, and carbon dioxide emission is the main reason that causes climate change, so they will be most heavily impacted by climate change. On the other hand, because they have imperfect treatment systems they could not control climate change effectively. First, although some developing countries just explore industrial technology, they still keep economic growth rapidly without specific carbon mitigation measures.
So they could not avoid amount of industrial waste gas emissions, especially carbon dioxide emissions. For instance, after two decades until 2025, the annual emissions of developing countries would reach to 32Gt, it means the emissions would be 32% higher than developed countries, and in developing countries cumulative CO2 is 91% of developed countries’ (Wheeler, 2007, p. 20). This forecast demonstrates that developing countries emission would become higher than developed countries after two decades.
Second, developing countries are moving rapidly toward main impact of global warming. Wheeler (2007) elaborates that cumulative emissions of developing countries are increasing rapidly, and awareness of cumulative emissions will soon overtake developed countries reaching to higher crisis levels(p. 25). So, climate change which relates both developing and developed countries, no one could absent to control global warming. Third, developing countries emission treatment systems are still imperfect, so they should strengthen more international scientific and technological cooperation.
For example, since 1997 Kyoto Protocol, one laws after another and a series of international cooperation agreements were signed during the past decade(Fawkes, 2007, p. 21). These international cooperations demonstrate that developed and developing countries both work at managing exhaust gas and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Therefore, it is crucial that take effective measures to improve emission treatment systems more perfectly to manage the problem of climate change in developing countries. Developing countries need to control their population growth.
Generally, not only developed countries need to control climate change, because developing countries with large populations and higher population grow rates, so they can not avoid amount of nature resource consumption and deforestation in human activities, these human life consumption will cause many issues related to climate change. First of all, in developing countries, the problem of population growth may lead to global warming, because their large share of world population could not avoid resource consumption.
For example, scientists and societal leaders consent that more and more human activities develops conflict with environmental issues(Kile & Dimirovski, 2008, p. 1). In this sense, population pressure is ineluctably changing the climate. So to decrease population growth is all human beings responsible. Then, in developing countries people unrestrained exploit requisite resources, such as wood, oil and coal mines. The natural resources for adaptation to climate change would have to influence developed countries.
For example, Wheeler (2007, p. 18) elaborates that ‘the best scientific evidence suggests that the most severe impacts of global warming will be in low-latitude regions where the majority of people are poor’. So, with a large demand for natural resources, developing countries are irretrievably breaking the ecological balance. Finally, forests play a pivotal role in the global carbon cycle, so along with deforestation increasingly in developing countries, a large volume of greenhouse gas emissions could not be absorbed by forests.
For instance, ‘global greenhouse gas emissions from changes in land use, including tropical deforestation, are estimated to make up around 20% of annual global emissions from all sources’ (IPCC 2007 cited in Clark, Bolt & Campbell, 2008, p. 1). So, the best way to solve this problem is increase forest coverage and plant more trees globally. Therefore, controlling climate change via population growth, by avoiding misuse of resources, and preventing deforestation are the responsibility of developing and developed countries.
The world is experiencing a dramatic increase in nuclear technology that causing problems of climate change not only for the poor, undeveloped countries, but also for the industrialized and developed nations. Generally, nuclear technologies are becoming more and more advanced than before, that nuclear electric power generation and nuclear energy in district heat supply are convenience to human life, while bring negative effects such as nuclear leak, proliferation and explosion to environmental issues.
On the one hand, developing nuclear technologies bring positive effects to climate change. According to Van Der Zwaan(2000), the technology of nuclear fission are becoming more effectively reducing carbon dioxide emissions (p. 61). Consequently, nuclear electric power generation would reduce carbon dioxide emissions the primary cause of global warming, that more effectively control climate change than using fossil fuels. Accordingly, the more nuclear power plants build, the less greenhouse gases produces by coal plants.
However, nuclear power is not the best way to solve the problems of climate change that some developed and developing countries are conduct transactions nuclear weapons, also some developing countries nuclear test increase, and developed countries’ warfare began a long time ago. For example, two atomic bombs dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were destroying the land and killing about 200,000 people in Japan. Further, Fairlie explains hat though nuclear reactors would not discharge carbon dioxide, the nuclear processing of uranium, conveyance and radio active waste disposal may lead to a large volume of carbon dioxide emissions, especially in America (2007, p. 231). These entire situations demonstrated that negative influences to climate change are not only created by one country. So, unless more and more countries participate in developing nuclear technology in positive way and take some measures to control climate change.
Hence, enhance international cooperations to increase nuclear technology, and stop nuclear warfare and weapon test would be bringing beneficial effects to climate change. Based on the above, it can be seen that taking measures to consummate emission treatment systems, control population growth and nature resources consumptions, prevent nuclear warfare and developing nuclear technique globally are crucial for the homeland of all mankind.
The common finding demonstrate that climate change is a global issue, without developing countries cooperation in control such as global warming, greenhouse emission and resources exploitation, developed countries could not improve it effectively. Therefore, the claim that controlling the problems of climate change not only the responsibility of developed countries, but also the duty of developing countries.
In the future, strengthen global exchanges and cooperations, formulating relatives policies and take effective measures are quite importance. References Clark, S, Bolt, K, Campbell, A 2008, Protected areas: an effective tool to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries? UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge, U. K. Fairlie, I 2007, ‘Global warming: is nuclear power the answer? ‘, Medicine, Conflict and Survival, vol. 23, no. 3, pp228-233
Fawkes, S 2007, Outsourcing Energy Management: Saving Energy and Carbon Through Partnering. Gower Publishing Limited, England. Kile, F & Dimirovski, G 2008, Choices for global social stability. The International Federation of Automatic Control, Korea. Van Der Zwaan, B 2000, ‘Nuclear power and global warming’, Survival, vol. 42, no. 3, pp 61???71 Wheeler, D 2007, Greenhouse Emissions and Climate Change: Implications for Developing Countries and Public Policy. Center for Global Development, U. S. A