Models of Organized Crime Executive Summary Wendell Picador The first theory to gain widespread attention was formed by Creases, who asserted that organized criminal networks are controlled by one large Italian group he termed La Coos Nostril. This group was bureaucratic in form and governed by a hierarchy with strict rules. Orders flowed from the top to those below with many specializing in criminal abilities. There is no room for error in assignments, for penalties are severe (Mallory, 2007).
The next theory to enter the American consciousness suggested that rather than a bureaucratic, imported rimming enterprise, organized crime was composed to numerous smaller groups. Each group was of an indeterminate size and operated autonomous of the others. Rather than a boss at the top tooth organization, there are numerous bosses who provide information, rather than orders. This information is passed along and implemented independently by others who divide the spoils to those above as more of a thanks. This kind of organization was termed patron-client by Joseph Albania in 1971 (Lyman & Potter, 2007).
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Similarities not withstanding, the preferences between the two models are enlightening. As Paola asserted, it does seem that these two theories were born of differing political and social climates. When Creases presented his Bureaucratic model in the I gags, American society was engaged in the Cold War. A strong fear of foreign influence prevailed and the idea that the Sicilian Mafia simply had imported their criminal enterprises fit with this fear. American law was dominated by a few strong leaders. By the I gags, law enforcement was open to a new concept, for finding the big boss was roving elusive.