Functional Health Patterns Community Assessment Guide Functional Health Pattern (FOP) Template Directions: This FOP template is to be used for organizing community assessment data in preparation for completion of your collaborative learning community (CLC) assignment. Address every billeted statement in each section with data or rationale for deferral. You may also add additional bullet points if applicable to your community.
Value/Belief Pattern Predominant ethnic and cultural groups along with beliefs related to health Mexican Caucasian Asian Callahan Predominant spiritual beliefs in the community that may influence health Catholic Christian Some Morons-no blood transfusions Availability of spiritual resources within or near the community (churches/chapels, synagogues, chaplains, Bible studies, sacraments, self-help groups, support groups, etc. ). El Cajon Wesleyan Church Foothills Church Gateway Community Church Shadow Mountain Church Lot of individual bible studies Self-help Groups- N.
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A (Narcotics anonymous), A. A. (Alcoholics anonymous) M. A. D- Mothers against drunk driving Sharp Healthcare offers groups for breastfeeding mothers, postpartum depression, grieving for loss of a child, obesity, eating disorders etc. Do the community members alee health promotion measures? What is the evidence that they do or do not (e. G. , involvement in education, fundraising events, etc. )? Fundraising events for local kids with Neuromuscular (Pediatric) Cancer Fundraise for community sports like football and cheerleaders What does the community value?
How is this evident? Religion- Church on Sundays with family Family Values- many family functions like concerts in the local park, movie night at the Lake On what do the community members spend their money? Are funds adequate? Cars Homes, rent- cost of living is high in CA Eating out Shopping Middle Class majority, funds can get tight Health Perception/Management Predominant health problems: Compare at least one health problem to a credible statistic (CDC, county, or state).
Obesity 33% in San Diego are overweight, 26% are obese 30% of kids grades 517/9 are overweight/obese in San Diego County (“Community profile: county’, 2013) Immunization rates (age appropriate). 4. 5% of Kindergärtners are missing one or more vaccines Out of 43,000 kindergärtners in the county, 1900 are not fully minimized Not all families in San Diego are minimizing their children due to things they hear about vaccines- EX: vaccines causing autism Parents do not do their research and often sites to hear-say or false news reports Appropriate death rates and causes, if applicable.
Top 10 causes of death in San Diego: Malignant neoplasm, diseases of the heart, Alchemist’s, chronic lower respiratory diseases, cardiovascular disease, accidents (unintentional injuries), diabetes, intended self-harm (Suicide), chronic liver disease (cirrhosis), hypertension/hypertensive renal disease and influenza/pneumonia (“San Diego County’, n. D. In 2012, in San Diego alone there were 20,018 deaths 3,684 in East County San Diego 1 ,806 were Male 1,876 were Female 377 Hispanic 3,015 White 130 Black 8 Asian 70 other Age groups 0-4 (28 deaths), 5-14 (6 deaths), 15-24 (42 deaths), 25-24 (68 deaths), 35-44 (90 deaths), 45-54 (278 deaths), 55-64 (474 deaths), 65-74 (587 deaths), 75-84 (863 deaths), 84+ (1 ,248 deaths) (“San Diego County’, n. D. ) Prevention programs (dental, fire, fitness, safety, etc. ): Does the community think these are sufficient?
Drug Abuse prevention programs, Delinquent and school failure prevention programs CAL Fire teaches a fire prevention program locally in San Diego, CA Safe Kids San Diego which teaches prevention of unintentional accidents such as drowning, child passenger after, sports and recreation safety and pedestrian safety (“Safe Kids San”, 2014) Western Dental provides services for people who no insurance for a cheaper rate Multiple gym facilities such as 24 hour Fitness, Crunch and Couch are some of the biggest gyms out here Available health professionals, health resources within the community, and usage.
Planned Parenthood- health care for pregnancy and SST prevention Local hospitals- Kaiser Permanent, Sharp Grossmann Hospital, Scripps Hospital, Sharp Memorial Hospital are a few big hospitals in San Diego, CA Urgent Care clinics like Doctors Express are available San Diego Public Health Language Specific healthcare such as Arabic, Spanish, Toggle etc. Common referrals to outside agencies. WICK- Women, Infants and Children Black Women, Infants and Children Food Stamps Low Cost medical and dental care Habitat for Humanity Nutrition/Metabolic Indicators of nutrient deficiencies.
Vitamin deficiencies such as Vitamin D and Iron Unexplained fatigue, brittle, dry hair, ridged or spoon shaped nails, mouth problems, diarrhea, irritability or lack or appetite can all indicate nutrient deficiencies San Diego has one of the largest homeless populations in the country, especially homeless veterans. Malnutrition is prevalent in this group of people Obesity rates or percentages: Compare to CDC statistics. This bullet was answered up above in a previous question.
Affordability of food/available discounts or food programs and usage (e. G. , WICK, food boxes, soup kitchens, meals-on-wheels, food stamps, senior discounts, employee discounts, etc. ). Food Stamps WICK (Women, Infants and Children) BASIC (Black Women, Infants and Children) Meals on wheels Senior discounts offered at some restaurants like Soup Plantation. 55 plus is considered senior citizen here in California Project Homeless Connect Availability of water (e. . , number and quality of drinking fountains).
Water fountains in all stores and schools Drinking water (Tap water) meets most government standards but needs to be more thoroughly treated Water comes from 3 places: Northern California from snow and rain, the Colorado river and local rain water runoff Fast food and Junk food accessibility (vending machines). Vending machines at most all high schools California trying to change contents to offer healthier choices Fast food on almost every corner- very accessible Evidence of healthy food consumption or unhealthy food consumption (trash, long lines, observations, etc. Always long line as fast food places Gyms always crowed, protein/workout drinks always in hand Beaches are full of people in bathing suits (fit and unfit) Farmers markets on Wednesdays crowded A lot of people do special programs like Weight Watchers, Opt-Fast, Media-Fast, Nutria- System, Jenny Craig etc “Re-think your Drink” this program is trying to eliminate sugar sweetened drinks and are replacing them with water, low fat milk for 50% or greater natural fruit Juices Provisions for special diets, if applicable.
Items containing specific allergies have them stated on the label like nuts, shellfish or pacific fruits For schools (in addition to above): Nutritional content of food in cafeteria and vending machines: Compare to EARS 1 5-242/The Arizona Nutrition Standards (or other state standards based on residence) Fruit/veggie based drinks with no less than 50% fruit Juice Milk 2% fat, non-fat, soy or rice milk Not more than 35 percent of its total calories can come from fat (excluding: nuts, seeds, eggs, cheese, fruit, vegetables and legumes) Not more than 10 percent calories from sat fat (Excluding: eggs and cheese) Not more than 35% of its total weight may be composed of sugar, including naturally occurring and added sugar (excluding: ruts and vegetables that have not been deep fried) Not more than 250 calories per individual food item (Middle schools and Jar High Schools, High Schools) No more than 175 per individual food item for elementary schools Amount of free or reduced lunch 60% free or reduced lunch in schools in San Diego, CA Elimination (Environmental Health Concerns) Common air contaminants’ impact on the community. Smog, Allergies- Pollen, Mold Noise. Major Airport, major Military bases, heavy traffic noises Waste disposal. Miramar Landfill Pest control: Is the community notified of pesticides usage? Yes, individual residences take care of their own pest problems Hanta Virus- In mouse poop in our area Hygiene practices (laundry services, hand washing, etc. ).
Laundry mats are in abundance, dry cleaners and individual washer and dryers in some residences Singing the “Happy Birthday’ song twice while washing hands was on the local news to help people wash their hands more efficiently Toilet seat covers in most public bathroom services Signs stating “Must wash hands before returning to work” in all restaurant bathrooms Bathrooms: Number of bathrooms; inspect for cleanliness, supplies, if Seibel. Most public bathrooms have signs for employees to sign when they have checked and maintained the restroom Public bathrooms are generally clean and well stocked, if not usually an employee of the place is easily notified Universal precaution practices of health providers, teachers, members (if applicable). Protective gowns, gloves, shields when handling bodily fluids for health providers when in facilities Teachers usually do not have access to all of the equipment necessary but generally have gloves on hand Temperature controls (e. G. , within buildings, outside shade structures).
Temperatures generally in the 70-75 ranges in controlled areas such as schools and stores Shades provided at local parks Community pools and beaches available for hot temperatures Safety (committee, security guards, crossing guards, badges, locked campuses). Most day cares are locked facilities Crossing guards at most elementary and middle schools Security guards at stores and hospitals to prevent theft and crime Trolley Guards Volunteer Police patrol (Elderly men and women) Activity/Exercise Community fitness programs (gym discounts, P. E. , recess, sports, access to YMCA, etc. ). YMCA Gyms: 24 hour fitness, crunch, couch SAYS (local soccer leagues for kids) T-ball/ baseball/ softball fields at Cactus Park (name of play park) P.
E in middle school/high school for 2 years Recess at elementary schools Samba and Exercises programs locally Recreational facilities and usage (gym, playgrounds, bike paths, hiking trails, courts, pools, etc. ). Playgrounds at most local parks Mission Trails- hiking, bike trails Scowls Mountain, Iron Mountain- Hiking trails Community pools- YMCA Safety programs (rules and regulations, safety training, incentives, athletic trainers, etc. ). Lifeguards at local community pools and beaches Safe drivers incentives with Allocate Insurance Discounts on car insurance with good grades and no trouble Crime Stoppers, Ms Gruff Crime Dog, Stopwatch Academy, Safety Sam are police station programs that kids and other community members can participate in to ensure community safety Injury statistics or most common injuries.
In San Diego, unintentional injuries were the sixth leading cause of death in 2009 Nearly 1000 people died that year of unintentional injuries with 30% of those caused by poisoning including overdose Every hour in San Diego, an average of 19 people are hospitalized or treated in the ERR because of injuries Car accidents, drowning, falls, assault, struck by an object, burns, overexertion and suffocation are some of the most common causes of injury in all age groups Evidence of sedentary leisure activities (amount of time watching TV, videos, and computer). Computers used as primary resource for schools Internet used as primary resource for community Driving short distances that could be walked T. V takes up, on average, 2. 8 hours of most people’s day Ages 15-19 spend read for an average of 4 minutes per weekend day and 52 minutes playing a game on the computer Ages 75 and over spend an average of 1 hour of eating per weekend day and 20 minutes playing games or using a computer Employed adults with no children spend about 4. 5 hours per day doing leisure activities and employed adults with a child/children spend about 3. 5 hours doing leisure activities per day Means of transportation.
Trolley, Bus, Cars, Bikes, Walking and park and ride for carpool Sleep/Rest Sleep routines/hours of your community: Compare with sleep hour standards (from National Institutes of Health [NIH]). Eating heavy dinners, caffeine, smoking and exercise late in the day is effecting sleep of people in San Diego Graveyard shifts are moon due to places being open 2417 Sleeping anywhere from 6-9 hours Indicators of general “recentness” and energy levels. Lack of “bags” or “dark circles” under eyes Hair, makeup and outfit appropriate for environment Less caffeine needed Factors affecting sleep: Shift work prevalence of community members All shifts, mostly 12 hour shifts in the healthcare field, Mainly anywhere from am-pm for most full time employed people Environment (noise, lights, crowding, etc. Near main airport, military bases, lights and crowds near football and baseball stadiums, colleges, living near freeways Consumption of caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, ND drugs A least 3 major Universities in San Diego (Caffeine intake! ) Average age in San Diego is ass-ass and large nightlife crowd downtown San Diego (Alcohol and drugs) 2012 drug stats: Heroin increase, crack/cocaine decrease, methamphetamine increase, marijuana increase, prescription avoids decrease, ecstasy decrease (“Drug abuse patterns”, 2014) Homework/Extracurricular activities High school student average 3 hours of homework per night Anywhere from 6. 8 to 17. 5 hours of homework per week for high school students Elementary schools 2. 9 hours per week Middle school 3. 2 hours per week
After school sports- up to 3 hours of practice for some like football Health issues Stress, common colds/flu, pediatric cancers, diabetes types 1 and 2, obesity, hypertension Cognitive/Perceptual Primary language: Is this a communication barrier? English/ Spanish, Arabic, Vietnamese (possible communication barriers) 37. 1 % of San Dieses population speaks a different language than English Educational levels: For geopolitical communities, use http://www. Census. Gob and compare the city in which your community belongs with the national statistics. San Diego County : High school graduates 85. 4 % Bachelor’s degree or higher 34. 4 % (“State and county’, 2014) Opportunities/ Programs: Educational offerings (in-services, continuing education, GEED, etc. Many programs offering GEED programs and prep classes including community colleges All hospitals and healthcare centers provide in-services Grossmann college, Grossmann adult night school ROPE (Regional Occupation Program) Learn English (program in El Cajon, CA to help foreigners learn English) Educational mandates (yearly in-services, continuing education, English learners, etc. ) Cues for nurses- 30 hours every 2 years for Runs Special education programs (e. G. Learning disabled, emotionally disabled, physically disabled, and gifted) GATE- gifted and talented education program Children’s outreach project Library or computer/Lenten resources and usage.
El Cajon library Internet on all phones, ‘pads Computers at most schools including elementary schools Funding resources (tuition reimbursement, scholarships, etc. ). Scholarships offered through the Chamber of Commerce for academics up to $3,000. Many colleges offer academic scholarships and sports scholarships (Full and partial rides) SCUDS and Radar Children’s Hospital both have tuition reimbursement and student loan payment programs SCUDS will repay two thirds of the tuition or student loans Board of Governor’s Fee waver Military discounts Self-perception/Self-Concept Age levels. Many families in El Cajon Mainly ass and ass in San Diego County such as downtown San Diego Kids under age 5=6. % of population People under age 18=22. 6 % of population People 65 and over= 12. 3 percent of population Programs and activities related to community building (strengthening the community). San Diego City College peer mentoring program MAD (mothers against drunk driving) Big Brothers/Big Sisters program (Mentoring adolescents) Peer Leaders (high school program- students give other students “counseling” when they feel like they cannot talk to an adult) Community history. The area now known as San Diego County has been inhabited for over 10,000 years by the Someday Indians San Diego became part of the United States by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo on 1848 ending the U. S. Mexican War One of the original counties of California San Diego used to be a very large county including all of Los Angels and extended to the Colorado river Pride indicators: Self-esteem or caring behaviors. San Diego is one of the most sought out cities to visit and/or live Very expensive cause they demand is there A lot of plastic surgery in San Diego Spray tans, fake nails, fake hair, people are in shape (wears bikinis) San Diego residents support a lot of charities and cancer/disease foundations Donating money to a good cause is common among this community Published description (pamphlets, Web sites, etc. ). San Diego Magazine Sandiest. Org for local media (Website) Union Tribune San Diego (News Paper) Role/Relationship Interaction of community members (e. G. , friendliness, openness, bullying, prejudices, etc. ).
East San Diego is more friendly than West or North San Diego (More money in hose areas) Very accepting of Gays and Lesbians in San Diego ( Hill Crest is a city known for an abundance population) Gay Pride Parade is a huge event in SD Very large interracial community, not a lot of prejudices Programs to prevent in-school bullying Vulnerable populations: Why are they vulnerable? Homeless population downtown San Diego Lack of medical insurance How does this impact health? Increase spread of disease Increased severity of disease No access to medication or medical treatments Power groups (church council, student council, administration, PTA, and gangs): Mexican Mafia Logan Heights Gang Hells Angles
Pats in elementary schools Jehovah witness Morons How do they hold power? Influential Have a lot of people under them or following them PTA helps make decisions for schools Positive or negative influence on community? Gangs usually a negative influence Hells Angels used to have more of a negative influence but now are more positive towards the community and support local charities like pediatric cancer ones Harassment policies/discrimination policies. Under the California Department of Public Health all employees have a right to work in an environment free from all forms of discrimination, including sexual harassment, intimidation, retaliation or coercion.
The CHAD is committed to providing a work environment free from sexual harassment. Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination that is illegal under both state and federal law The Fair Employment and Housing Act defines sexual harassment as harassment based on sex or of a sexual nature; gender harassment; and harassment based on pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions. The definition includes harassment based on sexual orientation, and also protects an individual’s actual or perceived gender identity, whether or not different from the individual’s actual gender at birth The CHAD endorses a “zero tolerance” policy aimed at preventing all such inappropriate behavior.