In the education field, teachers often spend as much time engaged in classroom management as they do teaching. Additionally, it seems that teachers are being held Increasingly responsible for teaching proper behavior. Classical Conditioning: Classical conditioning resembles an Involuntary response; It is sometimes referred to as signal learning and refers to where the stimulus occurs Just before the expected behavior is to occur. Classical conditioning can occur unintentionally.
Too frequent exposure to humiliation, failure, or other negative dieback may lower in individual’s self-confidence and lead to withdrawal. For example, If a child is constantly corrected during a reading exercise, the chills feelings of humiliation may ultimately be replaced by a fear of reading aloud. Operant Conditioning: Operant controlling Is salary to classical controlling In that both are concerned with how we can teach others how to behave. Operant conditioning adds the concept of reinforcement or a reward.
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The basic idea of operant conditioning is that behaviors, which are followed by something pleasurable, ill be reinforced; the reinforcement will result in the behavior being repeated. Reinforcement can further be classified as either being positive or negative. Positive reinforcement involves presenting a reward immediately following the desired behavior, like taking a child out for ice cream following a school play that they were nervous about participating in. Negative reinforcement is the removal of a negative stimulus following a desired behavior.
Allowing a child to not do their chores for a eek after bringing home a good report card is using negative reinforcement. Examples: Classical Conditioning In a drumming class, a teacher was having a difficult time getting the students to listen when she wanted their attention. It was a class-wide problem not related to specific students, so she had been trying to find an effective solution. Visual cues did not work because the students were always so excited looking at what their classmates were doing that they rarely noticed the signals. Finally, she decided to tap
Into their enthusiasm for drumming loudly by Increasing both the volume and speed of the drumming when she wanted everyone to stop playing. Students learned to recognize that a crescendo was a signal for silence to follow. Operant Conditioning: A teacher Is very Impressed with the overall behavior of her class. Still, everyone makes mistakes-like forgetting to do their homework or forgetting to raise their hands believes in the use of reinforces instead of punishment so she devised a system of points where students can redeem a certain number of points for missed assignments.
She takes time to acknowledge the earning of points by the students by giving them positive verbal reinforcement when they engage in her desired terminal behavior and also makes sure not to make them feel bad or insecure when they forget to turn in an assignment or speak out of turn.