However, while some psychologists argue that learning cannot be observed directly, others believe that results of learned things reflect the person’s behavior. According to psychologists who argue that learning is observable found a theory called Behavioral Learning Theories which are Include classical conditioning, contiguity, and operant contiguity. Aristotle, as we know, defined the learning as contiguous. Contiguous means that two or more sensations appear together. Ivan Pavlov made a famous experience while using a dog about contiguity called classical controlling.
In his experience, firstly, a bell rings; Pavlov’s dog does not react. Then, when the meat is given to the dog, at the same time the bell rings. After a while, Pavlov’s dog react when hear the sound of the bell even meat is not given. As far as I can see that the result of this experience can be thought as the same in the education. For example, when students hear the sound of the bell in the school, they know that the teacher come to the classroom and the lesson will start. We can encounter the examples of this experience in every part of our life. Classical conditioning based on involuntary behavior.
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On the other hand, there is another founding based on voluntary behaviors called operant conditioning. In this experience, subjects’ react Is voluntary. Thornier and Skinner’s works are really Important and valuable. Thornier used a cat In the box and out of the box, there Is a reinforced. Cat In order to reach the reinforced and to escape from the box, moves again and again. After a while, cat learns the correct movement. Actually, this method is used in the education very often. Teachers usually use reinforcement and punishment after each good or bad behavior.
This method good for both teachers and students I think. When students got a gift after a good behavior, this gift encourages them and they continue to make this behavior or If you punish students for bad behavior, they give up this behavior. As I said that as a future’s teacher, I have to know the process of learning, researches and researchers about learning. Now I can better understand my teachers’ behavior, their rewarding and punishment system. Although sometimes I though rewarding and punishment system was wrong, now I can understand the alma f It. Educational psychology By semiannual Behavioral Learning Theories which are include classical conditioning, contiguity, famous experience while using a dog about contiguity called classical conditioning. In behaviors called operant conditioning. In this experience, subjects’ react is voluntary. Thornier and Skinner’s works are really important and valuable. Thornier used a cat in the box and out of the box, there is a reinforced. Cat in order to reach the though rewarding and punishment system was wrong, now I can understand the aim of it.