Professional Behavior Positive Ethics vs.. Ethics as a way to avoid disciplinary actions Positive ethics is a way of doing good & keeping balanced; could be referred to as a prevention technique, whereas, the latter is more of a reactionary phase The 3 key risk management principles (Bennett text) (Risk planning; Risk assessment; Risk response development; Risk response control) Principle #1 : Risks shall be managed to maximize the total expected net benefit to society; Principle #2: The safety benefit to be promoted is life-expectancy; Principle #3: Decisions for the public in regard to health and safety must be open and apply across the complete range of hazards to life and health.
Components of risk management formula Clinical Risk = (P x C x TFH P = opt risk characteristics; C = context; D?? disciplinary consequences; TFH = therapist Bloom’s Taxonomy of Informed Consent 6 levels of cognitive learning: remembering (recalling ethics code), understanding (not Just reciting but putting into own rods), applying (link theory & practice; be able to discuss w/ particular CT), analyzing (break all info down; ensure CT understands process; user-friendly language), evaluating (critiquing ethics code from diversity perspective) & creating (new informed consent based on diverse pop) Ethics Code vs.. Tutees (ethical vs.. Legal) “An ethical decision is a decision that is both legally and morally acceptable to the larger community; moves away from absolute standard of Judgment to a social standard, based on cultural, organizational, or community standards. Role & function of State Boards Protecting the health, safety and welfare of Arizona citizens by regulating the psychology profession…
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Handling ethical complaints Do not go directly to board; CONSULT, go to individual w/ issue & address w/ him/ her first; Complaints go to licensing board &/or ethics board; legal issue (ex: harm to CT) go through Judicial system 4 essential elements of malpractice – 4 Ad’s (Bennett text) Duty, Damage, Deviate, Direct Conflicts between ethics & law, regulations, or other governing legal authority Standard 1. 2 – No wiggle room; must always take the higher road (typically ethics); document everything Involvement of psychologists in interrogations related to national security (Fisher, up. 65-67) Clear mandate; no involvement in assisting; “best practice”; PAP position on torture is clear/unequivocal: Any direct or Analytic participation In any act AT torture or toner Torts AT cruel, aggregate or inhuman treatment or punishment by psychologists is strictly prohibited; no exceptions.
Weatherboarding, sexual immolation, stress positions and exploitation of phobias are clear violations of Papa’s no torture/no abuse policy. Privacy & Confidentiality Differentiate among privacy, confidentiality & privileged communications (Bennett text) Privacy is a legal/constitutional right; confidentiality is a privilege & there is a duty to keep info disclosed in proof settings; & the CT. Holds privileged communications which is legal right of person to withhold certain info HAIFA Privacy Rule & FREER Client/patient rights vs.. Student rights; Know rights of individuals