Electrolytes – forms ions when dissolved in water (or certain other solvents) and thus produce solutions that conduct electricity, Strong electrolytes – unionize essentially completely Weak electrolytes – unionize only partially Solution tweak electrolyte will be a poorer conductor than a solution containing an equal concentration of a strong electrolyte BRBёnested-Lowry theory Acid is a proton donor Base is a proton acceptor H2O HON. NON The conjugate base of the acid HON. is nitrite ion.
The conjugate acid of water is he hydrated proton written as 830+ Unpatriotic solvent – solvent that can act either as an acid or as a base, a classic example is water. The vastest acid forms the strongest conjugate base The tendency of a solvent to accept or donate protons determines the strength Of a solute acid or base dissolved in it. Conjugate base- the result when an acid gives up a In differentiating solvents, various acids dissociate proton to different degrees and thus have different acid I Basel * proton strengths.
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In a leveling solvent, several acids are completely dissociated and are thus of the same Conjugate acid – the result when a base accepts a strength. Proton bases * proton acid For example, euphoric and hydrochloric acids are strong acids in water. If anhydrous acetic acid, a weaker proton acceptor than water, is substituted as the solvent, neither of these acids undergoes complete dissociation Many solvents are proton donors or proton acceptors and can thus induce basic or acidic behavior in solutes dissolved in them.
For example, in an aqueous solution of ammonia, water can Acetic acid acts as a differentiating solvent toward donate a proton and thus acts as an acid with the two acids by revealing inherent differences in respect to the solute: their acidities, Water on the other hand is a leveling solvent for euphoric and hydrochloric NH + H2O NH+ *Coccids because all are completely unionized in this Ammonia reacts with water, which is considered as solvent and thus exhibit no differences in strength. N acid, to give the conjugate acid ammonium ion and hydroxide ion which is the conjugate base of the acid water.