The first major points are minority, racial and ethnic groups. In this section the books talks about minority, racial and ethnic groups. Minority group is a subordinate group whose members have significantly less control or power over their lives than the member of a dominant or majority group have over theirs? Racial groups are a group that is set apart from other because of physical difference that has taken on social significance.
Ethnic group is a group that is set apart from others primarily because of its national origin or distinctive culture patterns. The second major point is prejudice and coordination. In this section the book talks about prejudice which is a negative attitude toward an entire category of people on ethnic or racial minority. Racism is the belief that one race is supreme and all other are innately inferior. Discrimination is the unjust or prejudicial treatment Of different categories of people or things on the grounds of race, age, or sex.
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Because prejudice and discrimination hasn’t fully gone away, there are still hate crimes. Hate crimes is a criminal offense committed because of the offenders bias against a race, religion, ethnic group, national origin, sexual orientation. The third major point is sociological perspective on race ethnicity. Here it talks about different views. Functionalist point out the discrimination is both functional and dysfunctional for society. Conflict theorists explain racial subordinate ion through exploitation theory.
Interactions pose the hypothesis as means or reducing prejudice and discrimination. The fourth major point is that patterns of intercrop relations. There are a lot of major terms in this section. Amalgamation is when a majority group and minority group to form a new group. Assimilation is the recess through which a person forsakes his or her cultural tradition to see themselves as part of a larger national family. Segregation is the action or state of setting someone or something apart from other people or things or being set apart.
Pluralism is based on mutual respect for one another’s culture among the various groups in a society. The fifth major point of this chapter is race and ethnicity in the United States. In this section, it informs us that discrimination against African Americans, Latin Americans, and Muslims is widely acknowledged. 2. Agreement Racism and ethnic discrimination in the United States has been a major issue since the colonial era and the slave era. Today it is still here. Many people in the U. S. Continue to have some prejudices against other races.
Now we don’t see slavery or segregation but people still have prejudice minds and their actions are discriminatory. Following the September 1 1, 2001 attacks in the united States, racism against Arab Americans and Muslims has risen c with tensions between the American government and the Islamic world. Just because there is freedom in American to be who you are, anyone living hear an agree that racism and ethnic discrimination has not ended. 3. Most important idea, concept, theory. There was only one theory in this section and it was the exploitation theory.
This is a Marxist theory that views racial subordination in the United States as a manifestation of the class system inherent in capitalism. Another term that was interesting was color-blind racism where the use of principle of race neutrality to defend a racially unequal status quo. 4. Emotional response In High school, I had a job at American Eagle and I remember that put in an application four different times. On the fifth time I got hire. Wasn’t treated very nicely. I also got instructed to do task with a bad attitude and with rude remarks.
The majority were only Caucasian employee and the manager were Caucasian as well. However, the employees that were Caucasian were treated with respect. Now it made sense why disregarded my application four times. It must have been because I am Hispanic. I really don’t understand why someone would treat a person different because of their background and skin color. It made me feel I was useless 5. Implications for children The earliest time I can remember of racism is when I was in fifth grade. There was an African American girl in my class.
I remember people making fun of her because of her color and race. They would call her black names; however, didn’t really understand it. In middle school, we had a Caucasian girl that came to our sixth grade class. For some reason no one liked her. Everyone would make fun of her and pick on her. She would ride the bus with us and the kids would make her life a living hell. When she would get off the bus, kids would pull on her backpack, put their feet out and try to make her trip. Once off the bus, kid would throw paper balls, pencils, pin, even food.
Watching the video this past Friday made me thing Of this. I know that discrimination is this around because I was a part of it when I was a kid in middle school. 6. Evaluation and grade In this chapter I learn a lot of new world like the difference between prejudice, racism and discrimination. I also learn other world like amalgamation, assimilation and, pluralism.