As the origins of nationalism can be f undo in Europe the question of how it spread and why it was so detrimental to foreign affairs arise sees. As the world progresses, changes, and grows, so has nationalism, finding refuge in the Poe plea’s hearts. In the period from the nineteenth century to the eve of World War l, nationalism shifted from national identity to a Social Darwinism philosophy, as well as changing from a European ideology to one for all nations, while the effect of nationalism on policy and d socioeconomics stayed constant throughout the time period.
There was change from the nineteenth century to the eve of World War I within sectionalism itself, it goes from a pride in national identity to a cliffhanging Soc ill Darwinism philosophy. The nineteenth century brought the Industrial Revolution into o Europe and with it came a sense of pride in being European. The new technology as well as as haft in social classes brought forth, for the first time, a sense of national identity and pride i n one’s home country.
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It was this thinking that led to Rupee’s search for spheres of influence e in Asia, specifically China because Europe was so proud of their own economies, socio al structures, and way of life. However, as the century moves on, so does the progressive nature f nationalism which shifts to a justification and reason for Social Darwinism. Europe now SE sees itself as a superior identity, one which has the right to imperialism and force their way of life onto other underdeveloped countries.
This evolution within the idea of nationalism is rest opinions for the change from sphere of influence to outright unwanted colonization of foreign countries. The evolution of nationalism is also seen within the region of Asia, specifically with in Japan. When first introduced to the sphere of influence from the United States, Japan thou get of itself as far behind. The pride Of identity was still there however, after further examination n of document three in the Asian documents, the Japanese people show their flag proudly with all of their western improvements.
However, with the passage of time, Japan boldly challenges Our Asia, shown in document five, over Korea. This war was more to “flex their muscles” on a glob bal stage, which brings their pride in their identity to a selflessness philosophy of nationalism. As nationalism begins to seep into the countries that Europe had colonized, t here was a shift in the ideology that nationalism was only for Europeans, now that the cool unionized lands found heir own sense of national identity and pride.
Nationalism originated in Euro pee and it was difficult for the oppressed lands to find their own sense of pride when owned by a foreign power. The growth of nationalism in response to imperialism was a common unity a amongst the colonized lands. When Britain shifted control of India from the British East Co many to the British government itself, effectively colonizing India, there was a surge of India an nationalism. This growth of nationalism leads to the eventual overthrow of the British gave raiment and the restoration of the Indian control of government and social structure.
A parallel I to the growth of nationalism in response to colonization, unfortunately insular results, is who at happens in the general region of Africa. There were small isolated sects of nationalism, pride in one’s tribe and country),’ which led to rebellions against the European invaders. For example, n the African study documents given, document six shows the bighearted mentality some of t he African tribes possessed. This surge of nationalism within colonized lands was how national ism developed from an originally uniquely European idea to a worldwide phenomenon.
Starting from the nineteenth century, nationalism and pride in one’s count y began to color and influence policy and decisions of world countries. Looking at Europe in general, there is a clear shift in policy as nationalism takes a deeper hold in Europe. There is an obvious movement away from spheres of influence, as shown in the respectful treats .NET of China. Britain ambassadors went out of their way to learn the culture and show respect for those in charge. This can be seen in document five of the Asian documents given.
As time passes a ND nationalism grows in Europe, the policy shifts from spheres of influence to outright colonic action of Africa. The Berlin conference shows how nationalism is taken too far, and there is a s hysteretic division of another electroscopes country. Nationalism creates this safe haven for Soc ill Darwinism and arrogance to flourish within the European hemisphere. However, nationalism blatantly influences the policies of Chinese foreign relations as well.
China believed that to keep C hint more “Chinese,” that it was necessary to keep out all foreign influences. The idea of the Middle Kingdom, the chosen place of the gods, still permeated Chinese philosophy a ND was a source Of pride which led to the influence of isolationist tendencies. The nationalism of China can be seen in the letter from Line Zee to Queen Victoria, where they call England out for c mutinously ignoring Chinese commands to stop the opium flow.
With nationalism driving the social, political , and economic decisions of the world powers, the aftermath of nation annals would be felt for many years after. Nationalism has been present since the nineteenth century and influence d cross global encounters in both positive and negative ways. The original sacrament of national pride and identity was soon twisted into a philosophy and justification for Social Dad minims and outright colonization causing negative ramifications for the regions of Africa a ND Southeast Asia.
In addition, the sense of nationalism within the colonized lands gave pride an d a Sense Of power which would lead to the fighting and overthrow of British social rule allowing nationalism to positively benefit the colonized for the first time. However, the constant prop action of nationalism affecting how countries viewed themselves and each other persist Ted since the origins of nationalism.