Water Pollution Assignment

Water Pollution Assignment Words: 1518

Or not being able to eat a fish because it’s diseased from pollution. Not all pollution is deliberate though, the definition Of marine pollution according to the Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Pollution (SESAME), is “Introduction of man, directly or indirectly, of substance or energy into the marine environment resulting in such deleterious effects as a harm to living resources, hazard to human health, hindrance to marine activities… Impairment of quality for use of sea-water, and reduction of amenities” (Michaels).

There are many natural causes for pollution too. The big causes for marine pollution are oil spills, erosion, and sewage, industrial waste Statement of the Problem 1. What is Water Pollution? 2. What are the cause and effects of water pollution? 3. What can you do to prevent water pollution? Body of the research Water pollution has been seriously affecting the life of humans, plants as well as animals. The CEO-system of rivers, streams, lakes, seas and oceans is also getting deteriorated due to the contamination of water, through various sources.

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This condition also leads to the outbreak of numerous diseases, majority of them being lethal and contagious. However, before going about finding a solution to the problem, we need to look into its underlying causes. In the following lines, we have provided information on the causes and harmful effects of water pollution. Go through them and then decide on your course of action. Water Pollution Causes The specific contaminants leading to pollution in water include a wide spectrum of chemicals, pathogens, and physical or sensory changes such as elevated temperature and disconsolation.

While many of the chemicals and substances that are regulated may be naturally occurring (calcium, sodium, iron, manganese, etc. ) the concentration is often the key in determining what is a natural component of water, and what is a contaminant. Oxygen- depleting substances may be natural materials, such as plant matter (e. G. Leaves and grass) as well as man-made chemicals. Other natural and anthropogenic us absences may cause turbidity (cloudiness) which blocks light and disrupts plant growth, and clogs the gills of some fish species. [10] Many of the chemical substances are toxic.

Pathogens can produce waterborne diseases in either human or animal hosts. Alteration of water’s physical chemistry includes acidity (change in pH), electrical conductivity, temperature, and transportation. Transportation is an increase in the concentration of Heimlich nutrients in an ecosystem to an extent that increases in the primary productivity of the ecosystem. Depending on the degree of transportation, subsequent negative environmental effects such as Anglia (oxygen depletion) and Severe reductions in water quality may occur, affecting fish and other animal populations.

Pathogens Chloroform bacteria are a commonly-used bacterial indicator of water pollution, although not an actual cause of disease. Other microorganisms sometimes found in surface waters which have caused human health problems include: ; Freeholder pseudopodium ; Circumscription barium ; Guardia Iambi Salmonella ; Omnivorous and other viruses ; Parasitic worms (hilliness). High levels of pathogens may result from inadequately treated sewage discharges. 1 3] This can be caused by a sewage plant designed with less than secondary treatment (more typical in less-developed countries). In developed countries, older cities with aging infrastructure may have leaky sewage collection systems (pipes, pumps, valves), which can cause sanitary sewer overflows. Some cities also have combined sewers, which may discharge untreated sewage during rain storms. [14] Pathogen discharges may also be caused by poorly-managed livestock operations. Chemical and other contaminants Contaminants may include organic and inorganic substances.

Organic water pollutants include: ; Detergents ; Disinfection by-products found in chemically disinfected drinking water, such as chloroform ; Food processing waste, which can include oxygen- demanding substances, fats and grease ; Insecticides and herbicides, a huge range of organogenesis and other chemical compounds ; Petroleum hydrocarbons, including fuels (gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuels, and fuel oil) and lubricants (motor oil), and fuel combustion byproducts, from seawater runoff[15] ; Tree and bush debris from logging operations Volatile organic compounds (Voss), such as industrial solvents, from improper storage.

Chlorinated solvents, which are dense non-aqueous phase liquids (Donald), may fall to the bottom of reservoirs, since they don’t mix well with water and are denser. Various chemical compounds found in personal hygiene and cosmetic products Inorganic water pollutants include: ; Acidity caused by industrial discharges (especially sulfur dioxide from power plants) ; Ammonia from food processing waste ; Chemical waste as industrial by-products ; Fertilizers containing nutrients–nitrates and phosphates–which are found in tormenter runoff from agriculture, as well as commercial and residential use[1 5] ; Heavy metals from motor vehicles (via urban seawater runoff)[1 5]C 6] and acid mine drainage ; Silt (sediment) in runoff from construction sites, logging, slash and burn practices or land clearing sites Macroscopic pollution-??large visible items polluting the Water-??may be termed “folktales” in an urban seawater context, or marine debris when found on the open seas, and can include such items as: ;Trash (e. G. Paper, plastic, or food waste) discarded by people on the ground, and that are shed by rainfall into storm drains and eventually discharged into surface waters ; Knurled, small ubiquitous waterborne plastic pellets ; Shipwrecks, large derelict ships Thermal pollution Thermal pollution is the rise or fall in the temperature of a natural body of water caused by human influence. A common cause of thermal pollution is the use of water as a coolant by power plants and industrial manufacturers.

Elevated water temperatures decreases oxygen levels (which can kill fish) and affects ecosystem composition, such as invasion by new thermometric species. Urban runoff may also elevate temperature in surface waters. Thermal pollution can also be caused by the release of very cold water from the base of reservoirs into warmer rivers. Water Pollution Effects Chemical Contamination Over the years, many types of chemicals have gotten into our waterways-??and they continue to do so today. Chemical water pollution typically occurs because 1 . The chemicals were dumped into the water intentionally; 2. The chemicals seeped into groundwater, streams, or rivers because of failing pipes or storage tanks; 3. The chemicals catastrophically contaminated waterways because Of industrial accidents; 4. He pollution settled out Of eluted air (or was precipitated out of polluted air); or 5. Chemicals were leached out of contaminated soil. Pesticides Pesticides are carried in rainwater runoff from farm fields, suburban lawns, or roadside embankments into the nearest creeks and streams. Occasionally they are even intentionally sprayed into waterways as part of a pest-control effort. Egad-??talk about destroying the village to save it! In terms of general human health effects, pesticides can ; affect and damage the nervous system; ; cause liver damage; ; damage DNA and cause a variety of cancers; ; cause reproductive and endocrine damage; cause other acutely toxic or chronic effects.

Oil and Petroleum Chemicals When oil pollution gets in water, some of the components of are degraded and dispersed by evaporation, photochemical reactions, or bacterial degradation, while others are more resistant and may persist for many years, especially in shallow waters with muddy sediments. METE, a gas additive, has contaminated many groundwater sources in the US. Animal studies suggest that ingestion of MAT BE causes gastrointestinal irritation, liver and kidney damage, and nervous system effects. Mercury Mercury finds its way into water primarily through air pollution from coal- red power plants and some other industrial processes. In the water, the elemental mercury is converted to metallurgy by certain bacteria, after which it moves up the food chain of fish gobbling each other up. In then end, the larger fish may end up on your dinner plate-??swordfish, sea bass, marlin, halibut, or tuna, for example.

Mercury in adults is also a problem, causing: ; central nervous system effects like Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, and Alchemist’s disease; ;heart disease; ; and, in severe cases, causing death or irreversibly damaging areas Of the brain. Pubs, Dioxins, and Other pops Pubs, dioxins, EDT, and a number of other persistent organic pollutants don’t readily break down in the environment and tend to collect in the fatty tissues of animals. All of these chemicals are toxic for the animals that harbor them. In cases where humans might eat, say, a PC-contaminated farmed salmon, their systems must deal with the chemical insult. Other Chemicals Tens of thousands of chemicals are used in industrial processes and are found in car-maintenance products, household cleaners, toiletries, and many other consumer products.

Our current regimes for controlling whether these Heimlich get into the environment are not sufficient for keeping them out of the water, and the potential myriad effects are worrisome. Mining There are a number of negative water-pollution effects from mining operations: Acid mine drainage: When rain or surface water flows over exposed rock and soil, it can combine with naturally occurring sulfur to form sulfuric acid. The acidified rainwater eventually finds its way to streams and groundwater, polluting them and impacting local aquatic life. Some streams can become so acidic-??more acidic than car-battery acid-??the aquatic ecosystem is completely destroyed. The same leaching process that causes acid mine drainage can impart heavy-metal pollutants from the soil and rock as well.

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