Despite many advances in modern medicine, many illnesses continue to have no cure (Calman, Cherny, Doyle & Hanks, 2004; Chiu & Mok, 2004). Chronic, progressive, and incurable illnesses are a major cause of disability, distress, suffering, and ultimately death in today’s society (Adunsky & Aminoff, 2005; Calman et. al, 2004; Chiu & Mok, 2004; Rydahl-Hansen, 2005). The nurse-patient relationship is viewed as central to the practice of nursing; additionally, the nurses’ role is considered vital in the care of a patient who is suffering (Arman & Rehnsfedlt, 2006; Cowles & Rodgers, 1997).
Spiritual care is believed to be one such component of a nurse’s role as this, in many situations, can instil the patients’ life with purpose, meaning and hope (Arman & Rehnsfedlt, 2006; Rydahl-Hansen, 2005). It can be therefore said that the concept of suffering has a direct relationship to individuals who experience chronic illness, disability or dying (Cann & Chochinov, 2005). Through information as outlined above, it is evident that suffering can be alleviated through the relationship with the patient’s nurse and their caring relationship (Cann & Chochinov, 2005).
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Moreover, the case study which focussed on Harry gives insight into the holistic role of a nurse when caring for a patient who is suffering physically, emotionally, psychologically and spiritually. References Abbatiello, G. , Breitbart, W. , Clarke, B. , Goulet, J. , Kless-Siegel, S. , Kornblith, A. , O’Mahony, S. , & Payne, R. (2005). Desire for hastened death, cancer pain and depression: report of a longitudinal observational study. Journal of Pain Symptom Management. 29(5), 446-57. Adunsky, A. , & Aminoff, B. Z. 2005). Dying dementia patients: Too much suffering, too little palliation. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, 22, 344-348. Arman, M. , & Rehnsfedlt, A. (2006). The presence of love in ethical caring. Nursing Forum, 41(1), 4-12. Arman, M. , & Rehnsfedlt, A. (2007). The ‘little extra’ that alleviates suffering. Nursing Ethics, 14(3), 372-386. Bitros, B. S. (2007). Advocating for management of cancer pain. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 107(7), 4-8. Calman, K. , Cherny, N. I. Doyle, D. , & Hanks, G. (2004). Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Cann, B. J. , & Chochinov, H. M. (2005). Interventions to enhance the spiritual aspects of dying. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 8(1), 103-115. Cassell, E. J. (1982). The nature of suffering and the goals of medicine. New England Journal of Medicine, 306(11), 639-645. Chiu, P. C. , & Mok, E. (2004). Nurse-patient relationships in palliative care. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 48(5), 475-483. Chochinov, H. M. 2006). Dying, dignity, and new horizons in palliative end-of-life care. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 56, 84-103. Cowles, K. V. , & Rodgers, B. L. (1997). A conceptual foundation for human suffering in nursing care and research. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 25, 1048-1053. Coyle, N. , & Ferrell, B. R. (2008). The nature of suffering and the goals of nursing. Oncology Nursing Forum, 3(2), 241-247. Haisfield-Wolfe, M. E. (2000). The dying experience: Understanding patients’ suffering and caregivers’ responses.
Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 4(1), 45-46. Lert, F. , & Mino, J. C. (2005). Beyond the biomedical model: palliative care and its holistic model. HEC Forum. 17(3), 227-236. Lunn, J. S. (2003). Spiritual care in a multi-religious context. Journal of Pain and Palliative care Pharmacotherapy, 17, 153-166. Nightingale, F. (1860). Notes on Nursing. New York: D. Appleton and Company. Rydahl-Hansen, S. (2005). Hospitalized patients experienced suffering in life with incurable cancer. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Science, 19, 213-222.