Sentence Stem Comparisons This strategy can be used to have the students compare and contrast people, characters, places, events, concepts or processes. The comparisons can be general or specific. Marzipan’s Becoming a Reflective Teacher, gives the following examples: Have the same ball/strike counts: 4 balls = walk & 3 strikes = out Baseball and fast General – House cats are similar to lions because different than lions because .
House cats are Specific – Sherlock Holmes and Sandals are both characters who enjoy solving mysteries, but they are different because After a gym teacher has provided a series of critical-input experiences on baseball and fast pitch softball, he might assign a sentence stem assignment comparing and intonating the two sports. A completed example can be found in Marzipan’s A Handbook for the Art and Science of Teaching and looks something like this. Baseball and fast pitch softball are similar because they both… Have 4 bases in a diamond shape Have 9 defensive players. Itch softball are different because… In baseball, the bases are 90 feet apart, but in fast pitch softball the bases are 60 feet apart. In baseball, the pitching distance is 60 feet, 6 inches, but in fast pitch softball, the pitching distance is between 40 and 46 feet depending on the level of play. In baseball, the pitcher throws overhand, bit in fast pitch softball, the pitcher throws underhand. Another sentence stem example comparing monarchy and dictatorship is presented in The Art and Science of Teaching on page 72. An empty sentence stem template is attached.
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How To: Use Comparing Design Question 3 | Element 17 Copyright 2012 Learning Sciences International Sentence Stem Comparison A and Sentence Stem Comparison B is but are similar because they both: are different because: 2 Venn Diagrams Students use these visual representations to compare and contrast two or three people, characters, places, things, events, concepts or processes. Similarities between the topics of comparison are written where the circles intersect and characteristics that they do not have in common are written where the circles do not intersect. They can be used for specific, general, abstract or concrete comparisons.
A Venn diagram could be used in all subjects to compare and contrast information. Science example – used to compare and contrast two or three ecosystems Math example – used to compare and contrast different quadrilaterals History example – used to compare and contrast figures in history or presidential candidates English example – used to compare and contrast two characters from a novel Below is a Venn diagram example that is found in The Art and Science of Teaching. Can coexist with representative government. Not uncommon for people to show great affection for the ruler. 2. 3. Usually comes in to power through heritage.
Monarchy Often perceived as police states. Forms of Government dominated by a single person. History has examples of rulers who were considered by many as tyrants. Not uncommon for ruler to be hated or feared. Usually comes into power through coercion or force. Dictatorship A Venn diagram template that can be used to compare two concepts is attached. 3 VENN DIAGRAM Things in Common Concept 1 Concept 2 Written Explanation of Comparisons Discovered: 4 Double-Bubble Diagrams This strategy compares the attributes of two people, places, things, concepts, etc. Students write the two topics being compared in the large gray circles.
Common attributes are listed in the center smaller circles connected to the topic bubbles and the unique attributes are written on the outside edge of the diagram connected to he appropriate topic bubble. Please see the monarchy, dictatorship example below. 1. Sexists with c governments. 2. To uncommon for people to show great affection. 1 . Often perceived o 3. Usually comes into power through heritage. Dominated by a single person. Both had historical examples of tyrants. A foreign language class could use this strategy to compare the customs or beliefs of the United States to a country that uses the foreign language they are studying.
Similarities in customs or practices would be put in the middle circles and areas of preferences would be written on the left and the right sides. A blank double-bubble template is attached that can be used to compare two concepts. 5 Double-Bubble Comparison 6 Comparison Matrix A comparison is a more formal way to compare two or more concepts. A matrix (chart) is completed with the concepts to be compared written across the top of each column of the grid and the identifying attributes or questions written in the rows at the left side of the grid. The students then record their information or answers in each cell of the grid.
The final column can be used to share the similarities and preferences between the concepts. This last column helps summarize the similarities and differences discovered while completing the matrix. Please see the monarchy, dictatorship, and democracy matrix below for an example. Figure 3. 9 Comparison Matrix from The Art and Science of Teaching, (page 75) Monarchy How the leaders come to power Democracy King or queen gains throne out of heritage. Sometimes a monarch The dictator usually takes power through Leaders are elected by the people, sometimes influenced by others.
Similarities & Differences Actually, monarchy and dictatorship are ore alike and democracy is different. Takes over country by force. Often a leader for life. Often is leader for life. The leader doesn’t have total power. May be voted out of office. Monarchs and dictatorships are similar in that power over people is taken by, or given to, an individual, but in a democracy, the people decide who will have the power. Even though monarchy and dictatorship are somewhat similar, they are also different in that the dictator takes over by force, but the monarch is usually designated as a result of heritage.
The reaction from the people Throughout history are examples of monarchs loved by the people, but some were hated by certain persecuted groups. Often in history the dictator is hated or feared by most people. People are often split on their reactions but accept the elected leader, knowing they can try to elect a new one before too long. The role of the people People are generally expected to obey the rule of the monarch. Monarch holds power and can change laws. Can become like dictators. People must obey the dictator. Often there are serious consequences to not being loyal.