/210 University of Phoenix Material Appendix C Match the psychological theories with the appropriate statement(s): M. F. J. Psychodynamic TheoryK. B. D. Trait Theory I. L. Learning TheoryC. G. A. Sociocultural Theory H. N. E. Humanistic Theory A. Individualism versus collectivism B. Popular theorist Eysenck initiated the five-factor model. C. The healthy personality is found in balancing the social self with the individual self. D. Genetics determine the traits for a healthy personality, but how those traits are expressed are influenced by learning experiences, development of skills, and the ability to choose our own actions.
E. Popular theorists include Maslow and Rogers. F. Popular theorists include Freud, Jung, and Erikson. G. Social and cultural factors such as ethnicity, gender, culture, discrimination, and socioeconomic status influence one’s sense of self and his or her adjustment to society. H. Taken from the European philosophy of Existentialism I. Focus on the individuals’ capacity to build knowledge and adapt to the environments around them. Includes behaviorism and social-cognitive theory. J. Personality is characterized by a struggle between different elements within an individual’s personality.
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Behavior, thoughts, and emotions are the result of this inner struggle. K. Consists of five major personality factors which are reasonably stable elements of personality. These factors include extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience. L. Popular theorists include Pavlov and Skinner. M. Idea of the healthy personality is the ability to love and work. N. A healthy personality means knowing one’s self, making authentic choices which are consistent with goals, and the capability of making real changes in their lives.
There are three regions of the mind described in Sigmund Freud’s psychodynamic theory the unconscious, preconscious, and conscious. He reported that all three of these areas worked in conflict with one another. Abraham Maslow developed the humanistic theory in response to Sigmund Freud’s theory and other behavioral theories. Psychodynamic theory is different from the humanistic theory in many ways. Freud believes that our mental processes had control of us and the path we follow.
While Maslow believed that everyone has control of their consciousness and potential can be realized by actualization. Psychodynamic theory is different than humanist in another way as well, it uses colors, dreams, and sexual behaviors to measure peoples mental health. The humanistic theory states that everyone controls their own behaviors through self discipline unlike the psychodynamic theory which states that self conceptualization cannot be affected by psychological factors since they are merely an illusion.
Freud believes that out behaviors are dictated by forces we cannot control, these are called behavior patterns. There are two other theories I would like to compare the social learning theory and the trait theory. The social learning theory states that people learn from watching the actions of others and the consequences of those actions, this does not mean what people learn will always modify their behavior. Trait theorists believe that personality traits are mainly matters of biology. The study of traits can be defined as habitual patterns of behavior, thoughts or emotions.
Theorists have identified parts of the brain and other body systems that they postulate are responsible for certain traits. Where as the social learning theory describes personality in terms of learning from the environment, trait theory seeks to define an individual by his/her genetic and physical make-up which is manifested as traits. Trait theories hold that traits are relative stable behaviors, regardless. Thus, social learning theory holds that behaviors and personality traits can be explained primarily by what an individual has observed and modeled in his or her environment.
In contrast, trait theory relies on completely different principles suggesting that behaviors and personality traits are not molded but defined by your genes. [pic] CERTIFICATE OF ORIGINALITY I certify that the attached paper is my original work. I am familiar with, and acknowledge my responsibilities which are part of, the University of Phoenix Student Code of Academic Integrity. I affirm that any section of the paper which has been submitted previously is attributed and cited as such, and that this beiliev that paper has not been submitted by anyone else.
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