Examples of tenting in the statutory sector are Nursery Care and Primary Education. Goethe primary School is a primary school in Martyr Tiffin that is a part Of the statutory sector. “The school was opened in September 1 960 for the children of the expanding estate. Families moved onto the Guiros from substandard housing around Martyr. Originally there were plans to build a second school at the other end of the estate but these plans were shelved when the Goethe Schools were expanded. In the mid sass’s the schools were at their largest with 350 on role in the Infants alone.
At present the school caters for children to 1 1 year olds with 347 currently on role. ” (Goethe Primary School, 2009) The voluntary sector is built up of seen/ices that are not for profit and aren’t funded by the government. Registered charities are the largest category but the sector also includes small informal community groups. An example of a service in this sector could be “Barnyards”. Barnyard’s is a children’s charity that raises money from donations in order to run successful services for under-privileged children. One of the services they provide is a children’s centre. Our Sure Start Children’s Centers reach the most vulnerable and stagnated children, often working in partnership with local health visitors, midwives and the National Childbearing Association. Our knowledge of the local communities we work in allows each of our centers to be a trusted provider of local services, supporting and informing parents and careers. The centers can provide for a range of needs, from a broad service that’s open to anyone. We are proud to promote the inclusion Of all children, their families and careers and seek to create a safe and nurturing environment. (move. Barnyards. Org. UK, 2012) The private sector is made up of services that aren’t owned or funded by he government and aim to make a profit. An example of this type of service could be privately owned crychew such as “Little Rascals Playgroup”. This company provides care and education (to a certain extent) to children for a set fee. There are many different legislations in place to protect chi lilied and their rights but the main legislation in the LIKE that promotes the rights of the child is The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.
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The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is a human rights treaty that concerns all children and young people under the age of eighteen years old. It was signed and ratified by every country in the world (except Somalia, South Sudan and ASSAI) in December 1989. It was created over a period of ten years with input from different societies, religions and cultures. It is based on the belief that all children are born with fundamental freedoms and the inherent rights of all human beings.
People from every country, culture and religion are working to make sure that children from all around the world will enjoy the rights to survival, education and health, to a caring upbringing, culture and play, to safety and protection from exploitation and abuse of all kinds, ND to have their opinions taken into consideration on important issues. There are different documents available that outline the principles and values that guide practitioners and underpin professional standards and good practice, such as the FEES, the CACHE Statement of Values, and the Foundation Phase Framework for Children’s Learning for 3 to 7 year-olds in Wales.
All of these documents contain the same information but they are set out rather differently. The guide that will look at will be the Cache Statement of Values. Cache has developed a set of values that support their childcare rouses. The first value states that childcare practitioners should “Put children first by, ensuring the child’s welfare and safety; showing compassion and sensitivity; respecting the child as an individual; upholding the child’s rights and dignity; enabling the child to achieve their full learning potential” (Beaver et al, 2008).
This means you should do everything in your power to make sure the child’s rights are put first in every situation. Health and safety policies are set in place in every setting to ensure that the child and the staff are kept safe and well at all times. The second value states that childcare practitioners should “Never use physical punishment” (Beaver et al, 2008). Physical punishment, or corporal punishment, is widely used all over the world but laws are in movement to make it illegal to smack (hard strike or hit) a child. Corporal punishment can cause long term physical and emotional damage that could affect a child’s development.
A child should never be subjected to this type of treatment, regardless of circumstances. The third value states that childcare practitioners should “Respect the parent as the primary career ND educator of their child” (Beaver et al, 2008). Although you are the child’s career whilst they are at your setting, the parent or guardian have a right by law to have final say in all arrangements for the child. The child is first and formally in their care so the practitioners should respect this and subside where the parent wishes them to do so.
It is important to keep a good relationship with the child’s parents so that they feel involved in the child’s education and also so that they can mirror the child’s work from the setting and adapt it to do similar tasks at home. The fourth value states that Hillsdale practitioners should “Respect the contribution and expertise of staff in the care and education field, and other professionals who may be involved” (Beaver et alarm 2008). Other staff and professionals that may have been in the field longer than you are a great way to learn and improve your own skills.
Other staff may have different skills and different techniques to childcare that may suit you better than your own developed system. The fifth value is, “Respect the customs, values and spiritual beliefs of the child and their family” (Beaver et al, 2008). Although you have your own customs and beliefs, the hillier in your setting may have different ones to you that you may not fully understand. It is a practitioner’s role to accept these customs and not place prejudice upon any child for what they believe in, even if you do not agree with it.
Everybody has the right to believe in their own values and not be judged on them. The sixth value states that practitioners should “U uphold the Councils Equal Opportunity Policy’ (Beaver et al, 2008). The Councils Equal Opportunity Policy is all about treating people fairly without being biased. Linking in with Cache value number five, it is a practitioner’s role to treat the hillier equally and give them all equal opportunities in the setting. A practitioner should be able to evaluate all the children’s needs and base the opportunities upon each individual child.
The seventh and final value says that childcare practitioners should “Honor the confidentiality of information relating to the child and their family, unless its disclosure is required by law or it is in the best interest of the child” (Beaver et al, 2008). Confidentiality is imperative to building trusting relationships with the children, their families and even other staff and professionals. It is important that you are approachable to parents and guardians and that they are able to put their trust in you. Other ways of keeping information safe is security.
If personal documents are stored in the setting then it is imperative that they are stored in a cabinet that can be locked securely and only relevant people should be able to access it. If documents are stored on a computer they should be under password protected files and again, only relevant people should have access to them. It is important to value and respect all children and make them feel like they are in an inclusive setting. To meet the needs of all the children in your setting, it is important to observe and get to know them as individuals.
All children are created differently and it is significant to remember that there is no such thing as a ‘normal’ child. Every child develops at different stages and are able to do different things. To meet the individual needs of the children (and also their families), inclusive activities should be available at your setting such as; equipment that all children can use; flexible and adjustable resources and equipment; effective adults to support and facilitate. When supplying for the needs of individuals, we should be thinking of how we can adapt ordinary tasks in order to make them seem interesting to all of the children.
Encouraging and stimulating the children’s minds can help them to make decisions on their own, further their own knowledge and motivate their learning. As a practice owner, It is important to always build upon and improve your own professional skills in order to fulfill your job title to its fullest potential. An imperative factor to being a good practitioner is communication skills. As a childcare practitioner a child is in our presence a lot and will learn from the way that you act and communicate.
I always make sure that have good pronunciation and vocal skills so that the children can understand me clearly and learn from my good habits instead of bad ones. I am always friendly and open to talk to anyone that may encounter. I also always make sure to remember that eye contact is a very important factor to having good communication skills. Eye contact lets a person know that you are talking to them directly. Regular attendance is crucial to being a good practitioner in order to create strong relationships. If a child knows tattoo are always going to be present at their setting then they will know that you are reliable.
If you aren’t in the setting when you are supposed to be then they will think that it is fine to not turn up too. You must be setting an example for the children at all times. I maintain my attendance at my work place by trying my best to keep myself healthy and ensuring that any appointments may have a scheduled to outside of my work hours. Another crucial element to being an effective practitioner is to follow a sensible dress code. A clear presentation of yourself portrays how people see you, not just the children but parents and other professionals too.
When go to placement, I make sure my dress code is clean and presentable with no excessive jewelry that could accidentally harm anyone or get caught in anything. I also make sure I always carry my student identification card so that everyone knows who I am. Study skills are also very important whilst being a practitioner as you are constantly learning new things and expanding on your own knowledge. If you are able to take notes quickly and effectively then this will be an extremely helpful skill to have as you can quickly script hat your lecturer is saying to revise from at a later date.
Being able to research a topic well is a very good skill to have whilst studying. Although you will have learnt a lot from your lecturer, new knowledge you take in will soon make you forget this. By researching the topic yourself, you can keep copies of your research to revise from at a later date. Time keeping is also imperative to having good study skills. By being on time to your lectures you will not miss anything important that you may need to know. Time keeping is also good practice for handing in your assignments and work on time. If you do not keep good time, your work may not get marked at all.
Certain children sometimes need a little extra help in certain areas of their development. This is where multi-agency professionals come in. Multi-agency professionals are any type of practitioner that could work with the child professionally, e. G. Class teacher, physiotherapist, speech therapist, psychologist, etc. These people would work together as a team, focused around the one child to give that child and their family the help and support that they need. They would refer back to each other also so that they can errant that the child is receiving the right form of care and support that is needed from each of them. The Common Assessment Framework” is the guidelines that are put in place to be used by these practitioners to assess chi Alden’s additional needs and decide how these should be met. As an early year’s practitioner, it is important that one of the skills that you possess is that you patiently listen to the children’s views and value their opinions. The emotions and attitudes that a child conveys during play can guide practitioners to see what they like and dislike during activities. This will help o as a practitioner to plan activities to suit the different preferences of the children.
For instance, if you Were to ask children what kind Of activities they would like to take part of and then organism them for as soon as you can afterwards, the children will feel as though their views are being taken into account and they will feel just as important as the adults in the setting. As a result, the children may mirror the practitioner’s manner towards them in their attitude towards others. Showing children that they are valued and listening to their views allows them to be more confident in their work and heir daily practice.
It is important as a practitioner to know the boundaries and limits of your role whilst working with children. Practitioners should know how they fit into the setting, their job roles and how their roles compliment the roles of other professionals in the setting. It is important to follow the policies and procedures in your setting to support yourself and the children. For example, parents sometimes feel the need to inform practitioners about a sensitive subject that had upset their child.
Confidentiality policies are set in place and although other members of staff ay need to know that the child may be upset, they don’t necessarily need to know why. If this trust is breached and you were to tell somebody, the word of the situation could spread quickly and eventually get back to the child/ parent, upsetting them even further. There is a fine line between information and gossip that we must not cross. When you are introduced to the setting, there should be a supervisor available to ensure that you know what your role is, the limits to this role and what to do if you are unsure of your role at any time.
If you have any concerns that your role has been improvised then you should always report to your supervisor and await further instruction. Some people believe that a child centered approach is the key to a harmonious setting. The importance of a child-centered approach is to ensure the child is considered first before anyone else this includes the rights, responsibilities, interests and well being of the child. The focus of a child centered approach is to engage with the children and involve them in issues that concern them; children are individuals in their own rights and deserve to have their opinions voiced.
It provides an environment that recognizes the importance of the foundation years, promotes the wellbeing of children, and creates opportunities for them to reach their fullest potential. In a child centered approach, practitioners often work along side the parents and careers to create a positive relationship to give greater understanding and respect for each other. A main advantage of a child centered approach would be that it gives the children a sense of great self worth as their ideas and capabilities are respected, therefore gaining confidence in their own abilities.