# Driving Safety and Distractions Assignment

Words: 1044

Research question: driving safety and types of distractions Hypothesis: Driving safe and trying to avoid distractions can prevent thousands of accidents each year. People tend to let things like music, phones, makeup, and other things distract their driving. Acting more safely can prevent alot. The null hypothesis would be that it really doesn’t matter about the distractions it is up to the person to drive safe. The number of participants that i will use for this research is thirty. The inclusion characteristics will be age, gender, and three different types of distractions. I on’t think there will be no exclusion characteristics considering the study is using age and gender as well as different distraction characteristics. Yes the sample nedds to be diverse because we are studying driving between male and females. We are also studying the adult and teenager age groups against the different distractions that we intend to use. The type of sampling method that I will be using is stratisfied random sampling. This sampling is appropiate because i will be randomly selecting participants from each group so that their presentation in the sample is proportional to the epresentation in te population. I will generalize my sample to the male and female population. I will also use the teenage and adult groups. I will also generalize between the different types of distractions and there affect. The independent variables in my study will be men versues women. The dependent variable would the types of distractions that causes a person not to drive safely. I will be using the one-way annova test. This test is appropiate to use with the number of distractions being tested which will be three or more caterogories to compare against.

The reliablity of this study is based off of the participants and how they react to the types of distractions. The validity would be how valid the distractions are to get a reaction out of the participants. For this study I will be using observational research in determing driving and types of distractions. I would set up a car simulation. Each participant would be driving and I would add a distraction to the experiment to observe the reaction of the person. I will also use data from different driving accidents to see what caused it and the age and gender of the person.

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Descriptive research si the deisgn being used. This research is good because I am using observational research and some archival data. The basic procedure that I will go through is to randomly pick male and females some that are teens and some adults. I will set upa car simulation and have each one drive and then present different distractions to see how they react. I can also see what was the one distractions that had the greatest effect and the one that had the least effect. Some ethical issues could be the race of the subjects, the area in which they live, health and mental issues.

References: Occupational driver safety: Conceptualising a leadership-based intervention to improve safe driving performance[->0] Newnam, Sharon; Lewis, Ioni; Watson, Barry. Accident Analysis & Prevention (0001-4575) March 2012. Iss. Volume 45;p. 29-38 Source: Science Direct[->1] Teens Receive Grant to Develop Safe Driving Campaigns. [->2] Professional Safety (0099-0027) Oct2011. Vol. 56,Iss. 10;p. 29-29 Source: Academic Search Elite[->3] Protext Mobility Releases DriveAlert Safe Driving Solution for Android to Combat Distracted Driving[->4] Anonymous.

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Older and Younger Drivers’ Beliefs about Motor Vehicle Features to Benefit Their Safe Driving[-;10] Soyun Kim ; Michael S. Wogalter ; Christopher B. Mayhorn. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting September 2010. Vol. 54,Iss. 2;p. 160 – 164 Source: SAGE Journals Online[-;11] .Safe Driving Systems, LLC; Texting While Driving: Danger Eliminated with New Technology[-;12] Anonymous. Computer Business Week (1944-1541) 2010-04-08. Source: Science Journals[-;13] Age and gender differences in risky driving: The roles of positive affect and risk perception.

Rhodes, Nancy; Pivik, Kelly Accident Analysis & Prevention (0001-4575) May 2011. Vol. 43, Iss. 3; p. 923-931 Source: Science Direct Age, skill, and Hazard perception in driving Borowsky, Avinoam; Shinar, David; Oron-Gilad, Tal Accident Analysis & Prevention (0001-4575) July 2010. Vol. 42, Iss. 4; p. 1240-1249 Source: Science Direct Mixed Signals on cellphone bans; Safety group seeks more data as states limit driving distractions Larry Copeland, USA Today 07 Jul 2011 Source: eLibrary Road Safety Program geared to students/ Driving distractions stressed at schools Magee, Maureen

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