Chosen countries were from different continents and their ethical perspectives were explained well. Content of the articles were applicable to the topic of global business ethics. Good Job of comparing the deferent ethical perspectives from your chosen countries to your home country. Maintained a neutral review (I. E. , did not get caught up in the emotionality of ethical differences between countries). Good use of examples and details to illustrate your points. The paper develops a central theme or idea directed toward the appropriate audience.
The paper provides a neutral review of the articles. Major points are stated clearly; are supported by specific details, examples, or analysis; and are organized logically. The introduction provides sufficient background on the topic and previews major points. The conclusion is logical, flows from the body of the paper, and reviews the major Readability and Style 15/15 Paragraph transitions are present, logical, and maintain the flow throughout the paper. The tone is appropriate to the content and assignment. Sentences are complete, clear, and concise.
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Sentences are well constructed, strong, and varied. Sentence transitions are present and maintain the flow of thought. Mechanics 15 Points The paper-?including the title page, reference page, tables, and appendixes-? PAP formatting guidelines. Met all the “mechanics” requirements. Follows Citations of original works within the body of the paper follow PAP guidelines. The paper is laid out with effective use of headings, font styles, and white space. Rules of grammar, usage, and punctuation are followed. Spelling is correct.
Total Available: 100 points Points Earned: 100/100 Business Ethics Across Cultures Article Review Earlier Ames GMT/216 May 5, 2013 Travis L. Carter Business ethics are mostly defined through cultural perspective of the consumers. When evaluating business ethics of your country, it is very easy to give an opinion eased on personal experiences. It would be impossible to evaluate business ethics of countries outside of your country through personal experiences if you have never had one. Recently I was asked to compare the ethical perspective of two countries to the business ethics if the United States by method of research articles.
The countries of my choice are South Africa and China. In this paper I will provide a summary of both articles, explain the ethical perspectives of China and South Africa and compare the ethical perspectives of China and South Africa to the business perspectives of the United States. In Business Ethics in China; A Human Resource Management Issue? Written by John Helpful and Cubic Luau, acknowledges that business ethics exist in Chinas as well as other countries. China’s issues of Business Ethics have to be resolved at societal, individual and organizational levels.
Law plays an important role at the societal level but is not enough to enforce business ethics in China because individuals make ethical decisions in the individual level, but society sets the tone. Family influences values in ethical decision-making of an individual and peers may also share an equal influence. In the organization level, human resource [human resources] management plays an important role in building an ethical organization. In the subject of pay and benefits, women are not equally paid as men are in China. Human resource [human resources] managers can fix business ethics because they create policies within the organization.
Media has aided tremendously in encouraging ethical practices by naming those who violate business ethics. Ethical cultures are initiated and built by ethical leaders in the organizational level. Ethical practices go throughout the organization and starts at the top. It then becomes a part of the DNA of the organizational culture. Business Ethics in South Africa written by G. J. Russo acknowledges that corruption has infected the society of South Africa. This article assesses the state of business ethics within the community of South Africa.
South Africa is steering away from the apartheid legacy and is currently barred from entrance to world markets. During the first year of democracy white collar crime doubled. A conference was held by South African Bankers and Business South Africa to combat crime and the Business against Crime Initiative (BACK) were mounded. The initiative of BACK is to “build a moral culture in business through leadership and a reorientation in moral and work values within South African businesses Secondly, they want to assist the criminal Justice system in becoming more effective in performing their duties” (Russo, (1997), p. 544). A research study found that South African Businesses did not have Code of Ethics. “In this specific research done in the Sunday Times Top 100 Companies (ranked by return to shareholders), it was found that only 9 of them had ethical codes” (Russo, (1997), p. 1544). South Africa has limited resources in business ethics and would benefit tremendously from cooperation from concerned parties within Africa and internationally. The ethical perspective of China is that the country’s business ethics are rated as equal as any other country with standard business ethics.
China also believes that Law plays an important role at the societal level but is not enough to enforce business ethics in China because individuals make ethical decisions in the individual level, but society sets the tone. The United States also lives law plays an important role at the societal level and will enforce business ethics when companies are found in violation of any laws tied to the ethics of a business. China believes in nepotism while business ethics of the United States views nepotism as a conflict of interest.
For example, China’s tradition of “Knowing an applicant or his or her family is considered an important “qualification,” and hiring of family members is common and expected. An American without cultural knowledge would probably consider this approach to be wrong-?biased and discriminatory’ (Nelson & Terrine, 2011, p. 402). In comparison to the ethical perspectives of South Africa and the business ethics of the United States, South Africans perspectives are fairly different from those of the United States.
Africa is within its first years of Democracy and has been denied unfair entrance into world markets, whereas the United States has been always under democracy and support fair economic competition. The United States “believe that fair economic competition is one of the basic requirements for increasing the wealth of nations and, ultimately, for making possible the Just distribution of goods and services” (Nelson & Terrine, 201 1), p. 444). South Africans perspective of requiring businesses to have code of ethic is similar to the business ethics of the United States.
All major businesses in the United States have a code of ethics. Major companies in the United States have Code of Ethics and Social Responsibility statements made easily assessable by the public. Companies have created code of ethics and social responsibility statements to let the consumers know what they stand for. In other words it gives consumer their word on how they will behave ethically. In conclusion, China’s perspective on ethics is that China’s business ethics can be viewed the same as any other country with standard business ethics.
China believes that human resources management plays an effective role in building an organization. China’s perspective of ethics aligns with the business ethics of the United States concerning responsibilities of human resources management. South Africans perspective of ethics is different from the business ethics of the United States because the United States have been governed under democracy and supports fair competition, whereas South Africa is in its first few ears of democracy and is working toward having a chance to enter into world markets.