For developing country like India, E-Commerce offer considerable opportunity for growth. E-commerce leads to a boon for the current economic downturn. As Indian’s e- commerce market is worth about RSI 50,000 scores in 2011. About 80% of this is travel related (airline tickets, railway tickets, hotel bookings, online mobile charge etc. ). Online retailing comprises about 15%. India has close to 10 million online shoppers and is growing at an estimated 40-45% per annum. The rapid growth of e-commerce in India is being driven by greater customer choice and improved convenience.
The project was undertaken under the supervision of Nirvana I mix Inc who currently has their business operation in Taiwanese market in selling of Indian grocery items to the local retailers & wholesaler in the Taiwanese market. The company has proposed a plan to launch an online grocery store in the Indian market for which the project was undertaken was to determine whether online grocery shopping will be beneficial to the user with respect to questionnaire which fall be analyses in three parts.
Don’t waste your time!
Order your assignment!
The project will first study the attitude of customers towards online shopping, also determining the factors which influence the consumer to purchase goods and service. The second half of the project will depict the attributes of online shopping influencing the purchase decision by the respondent. It will also determine the issues regarding the online shopping. The third part of the project determines the purchase decision with respect to grocery. It will determine the place preference of grocery shopping with aspect to price, quality, variety, proximity and offers/ discounts.
The project will also recommend the business operational plan which works with contracting dealership with the local Koran stores. CHAPTER 2 page 5 2. 1 Literature Review “India is among the fastest-growing markets and has been identified as one of the significant potential markets for the company,” Marksmanship B. , country manager at eBay’s India explains that Indian consumers toward buying high margin products such as clothes and shoes as is the trend among eBay shoppers in the West rather than electronic gadgets ND books, which are the most popular choices now but command lower profit margins and are less frequent purchases.
He depicted that Indian’s nascent e-commerce market, which till recently was largely limited to people buying train, flight and movie tickets, is in the middle of a surge as a younger, tech-savvy middle class increasingly takes to shopping online in a country seeing rapid growth in Internet usage. Consulting firm Technocrat predicts a $70-billion annual market by 2020, up from $600 million now, which is just 0. 05% of global online shopping. EBay itself estimates Indian’s online shopping market in 2012 will grow close to
OHIO%. “E-commerce: A boon for the current economic downturn” First Data Corporation and CHIC Merchant Services, has laid down some facts that commerce market in India had clocked close to RSI 50,000 cores by the end of 201 1. Even though there are less than 10 million internet users who are actually engaging in commerce activities, there are about 1 50 million internet users in India or around 75 million households that are ready for e- commerce.
With entry and operational costs being comparatively low than the other countries like US, the second half of 201 1 and the beginning of the current Allendale have seen the launch of a good number of new e-commerce sites spanning across a variety of businesses – women’s fashion, men’s fashion, shoes, followed by accessories, groceries, sports, toys, home furnishings, jewelry, automotive, bicycles, electronics and electrical equipment etc. Page 6 Key drivers for SUCCeSS for e-commerce Reduction in operational cost as the entire business can be moved online, the need for physical stores has become obsolete.
Less infrastructural investment and associated labor costs drives up the profit margin. It is far easier and quicker to compare prices of goods online, equipping the customer with the information to decide the right price or terms for themselves. With services like COD, customers can trust the process of going online and purchasing. Market penetration also becomes far more achievable with e-commerce; it is possible for a merchant in Iambi to extend his reach to north-eastern cities or even rural villages that are now connected by the online network.
E-commerce facilitates shopping anytime, anywhere and for almost anything desired. Busy consumers prefer this to the restrictions of when a mall/shop is open and the need to physically travel to a shop. Online business takes hopping a step further by taking itself to the customer creating conveniences of shopping anywhere and at anytime. In India, with the increasing propensity of social media, businesses have now begun to engage their customers on social networking portals such as Faceable. These are likely to be rapidly developing marketing channels for the future. These businesses are difficult to turn into profitable ventures due to the low margins and the logistics costs involved. ” Gaur Sara, director of Epiphany Ventures says that, the concept of online grocery shopping faces the problem of turning their business into profitable endures as the concept is new in the market which leads to low margin along with low margin high cost is involved when it comes to logistics. In addition to these problems the perishable items such as fruits & vegetables have a short shelf life, if these items are not delivered before the expiry of their shelf life it would could cause wastage and also add up the cost.
From the above comment a conclusion is arrived that these business ventures have a very thin margin when it comes to business operations. Page 7 “Connecting the local Koran stores with the buyers while storing inventories n the Cloud” Visa Sings, CEO & MD of Armholes. Com says that in order to reduce the cost to their business operation they applied the concept of cloud computing, where it connects the local Koran shops with the buyers. It enables the business to reduce the inventory cost as all the inventories are handled by the local vendor. Create a work-life balance” Visa Sings, CEO & MD of Armholes. Com states that the concept of online grocery shopping creates the work-life balance in urban areas where the urban couples are busy in their work culture and cannot give time towards their dally life needs. It is a difficult venture and these challenges make investors more cautious while evaluating such initiatives” Shanghai of USAF Partners, explains that the it is difficult for the investor to invest in these type of business where the market is extremely fragmented.
Such a venture can only survive on repeat purchases and that’s what one needs to target. If a company knows what it needs to stock, how much it needs to stock and where it needs to deliver, the business will become simpler to manage and run. The firm needs to find a strong value proposition and target market to survive the cut-throat competition The solution to the above problem stated can be that in order to survive in the market the business should target the satisfied consumer to create repeat purchases.
Also inventory management should be applied to these organizations it will enable them to what it need to stock, how much it needs to stock and where it needs to deliver, this will allow to operates its business operation smoothly. Page 8 CHAPTER 3 Page 9 3. 1 Industry Introduction Internet is changing the way consumers shop and buy goods and services, and has rapidly evolved into a global phenomenon. Many companies have started using the Internet with the aim of cutting marketing costs, thereby educing the price of their products and services in order to stay ahead in highly com putative markets.
Companies also use the Internet to convey communicates and disseminate information, to sell the product, to take feedback and also to conduct satisfaction surveys with customers. Customers use the Internet not only to buy the product online, but also to compare prices, product features and after sale service facilities the will receive if they purchase the product from a particular store. Many experts are optimistic about the prospect of online business.
In addition to the tremendous potential of the E-commerce market, he Internet provides a unique opportunity for companies to more efficiently reach existing and potential customers. Although most of the revenue of online transactions comes from business-to- business commerce, the practitioners of business-to-consumer commerce should not lose confidence has been more than a decade since business- to-consumer E-commerce first evolved. Scholars and practitioners of electronic commerce constantly strive to gain an improved insight into consumer behavior in cyberspace.
Along with the development of E-retailing, researchers continue to explain E- consumers behavior from different perspectives. Many of their studies have posited new emergent factors or assumptions which are based on the traditional models of consumer behavior, and then examine their validity in the Internet context. Page 10 3. 1. 2 Models of E-commerce Business-to-Business (BOB): BOB e-commerce is simply defined as e-commerce between companies. This is the type of e-commerce that deals with relationships between and among businesses.
About 80% Of commerce is Of this type, and most experts predict that BOB commerce will continue to grow faster than the BBC segment. Egg: indignant. Com, indefinableness. Com, treading. Com etc. Business-to-consumer (BBC): Business-to-consumer e-commerce, or commerce between companies and consumers, involves customers gathering information; purchasing physical goods (I. E. , tangibles such as books or consumer products) or information goods (or goods of electronic material or digitized content, such as software, or e-books); and, for information goods, receiving products over an electronic network.
It is the second largest and the earliest form of e-commerce. Its origins can be traced to online retailing (or e-tailing). Thus, the more common BBC business models are the online retailing companies such as flippant. Mom Amazon. Com, seasonal. Com etc Business-to-Government (BAG): Business-to-government e-commerce or BAG is generally defined as commerce between companies and the public sector. It refers to the use of the Internet for public procurement, licensing procedures, and other government-related operations.
This kind of e-commerce has two features: first, the public sector assumes a pilot/leading role in establishing e- commerce; and second, it is assumed that the public sector has the greatest need for making its procurement system more effective. Web-based purchasing policies increase the transparency of the procurement recess (and reduce the risk of irregularities). To date, however, the size of the BAG commerce market as a component of total e-commerce is insignificant, as government e-procurement systems remain undeveloped.
Consumer-to-consumer (ICC): Consumer-to-consumer e-commerce or ICC is simply commerce between private individuals or consumers. This type of e-commerce is characterized by the growth of electronic marketplaces and online auctions, particularly in vertical industries where firms/businesses can bid for what they want from among multiple suppliers. It perhaps has the greatest potential for developing new markets. Online auction site eBay, Yahoo! Auctions are a couple of examples of ICC websites. Page 11 M-commerce M-commerce (mobile commerce) is the buying and selling of goods and services through wireless technology-I. . , handheld devices such as cellular telephones and personal digital assistants (Pads). Mobile Commerce is any transaction, involving the transfer of ownership or rights to use goods and services, which is initiated and/or completed by using mobile access to computer mediated networks with the help Of an electronic device. Mobile Commerce in India Mobile is growing in India with more than 800 million subscribers across the country. The advancement in terms of adoption of smart phones with G enabled services is happening at a rapid pace.
This of course has opened up the gates to mobile advertising, mobile application development and mobile commerce in India. According to Biscuit’s latest report, India is top performing mobile advertising region in the whole of Asia. The growth in mobile advertising globally is tremendous with ads served on a year-on-year growth of 139%. With respect to some number crunching, more than 126 billion ads were served in 2011, compared with 52 billion in 2010. In India, Mobile Commerce is still in the development phase as the use of bile phones for carrying out transactions is very limited.
However, the development is taking place at a nice speed and in the coming years, Mobile Commerce is most likely to make its presence feel as companies and businesses have started understanding the benefits of Mobile Commerce. Some of the companies have even incorporated this technology. Airtime, CHIC, Reliance are some of the companies/businesses that are using this technology as their users are allowed to make limited purchases from their phones. For now, the users are mainly allowed to pay phone bills, utility bills, kook movie tickets, book travel tickets with their cell phones.
However, more services will be introduced in coming years. Security is one of the main concerns of Mobile Commerce as it’s very important to offer secure transactions and this is the reason why Mobile Commerce is still in the development phase in India. For now, users are mainly allowed to do Mobile Banking I. E. To access the bank account with a cell phone in order to pay the utility bills. With the current rate of development, users will be soon allowed to purchase products, advertise, to take part in auctions and pay bills with the alp Of a cell phone, while they are on the move.