Is the fixed term sentence that may be reduced if the offender behaves himself or herself while incarcerated, the offenders date of release is based on the sentence imposed minus any good time credits. 7. When fines are allocated in usually and conjunction with other kind of punishment? In intermediated sanctions. 8. Are Judges allowed to punish repeated offenders harder than first offenders? Yes Judges are allowed to punish harder those individuals. 9. What are intermediate sanctions?
Are more severe than probation but less severe than a orison sentences example boot camps, house arrest, etc. 10. What are the 4 utilitarian Justifications for punishment? Deterrence, incapacitation and rehabilitation and specific deterrence 11. In the case Farman V Georgia (1972)? The court ruled that the death penalty as it was administered under the existing statues was unconstitutional as a result of the Farman decision the death penalty statues in 39 states were invalidated 12. When is where the offender has no the right to appeal?
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A criminal defendant can appeal at one of the two stages during the adjudication recess prior to the reading of the verdict or following adjudication the prosecutor can also appeal some decisions made by the Judge during the pretrial process or the trial 13. What is when you affirming a trial court decision(how is called) is called reverse 14. When a case is reverse what happen? An appeals court reverses the judgment, decree, or sentence of a lower court either by substituting its own decision or by returning the case to the lower court with instructions for a new trial. 5. What is the harmless error rule? Rule that states that an error that would not have altered he outcome of the case does not required the appellate court to overrule the offenders conviction or sentence 16. When someone gets the death penalty did the offender get an automatic appeal? Yes a death sentence does not necessarily mean that the offender will be executed the sentence might be overturned 17. How may Supreme Court Justices have to agree to take your case? 4 Justices 18. In the legit defense is an appointed attorney for one appeal?
Yes is appointed by the court 19. Has the Supreme Court and the legislature restricted or expanded the habeas rimming justice fundamentals By soldiers to challenge their convictions in the federal court 20. Does every defendant get to appeal they’re case to the Supreme Court? They fist have to file a direct appeal 21 . Can a prosecutor appeal a non guilty verdict? No because it will be a double Jeopardy 22. In order to fill habeas corpus you must be in prison? Yes only offenders who are incarcerated can seek a writ of habeas corpus 23. Who writes the dissenting opinions?
Written by a Justice who disagrees with the majority opinion. In the US Supreme Court, any Justice can write a dissenting opinion, and this can be signed by other Justices. 24. What are interlocutory appeals? An appeal filed prior to adjudication of a criminal case this type of appeal focuses on critical constitutional questions that have no bearing on the defendant’s guilt 25. What is writ of certiorari? An order from an appellate court such as the us Supreme Court to a lower court requesting that the lower send the record in the case forward for review.
It means that the appellate court will review the lowers court’s decision for procedural stakes or legal errors. 26. What is double Jeopardy? The principle that a Jurisdiction may not prosecuted someone again for the same crime after the person has been acquitted or punishing someone twice for the same crime after the person has been convicted. 27. What is the focus of problems in solving courts? Enhanced information specialized knowledge about the problems that fuel criminal behavior and about the individual circumstances of offenders themselves. 28. In what do restorative Justices focus on?
Views punishment as a means to repair the harm and injury caused by the rime and focuses on the victim and the community as well as the offender, participants in the process discuss the effects of the crime on the victim the offender and the community and attempt to reach a collective agreement regarding the most appropriated sanction. 29. What are the typical components of a drug court? Integration of substance abuse treatment with Justice system case processing, use of a non adversarial approach, a coordinated strategy among Judge prosecutor defense and treatment providers to govern offender compliance. 30.
What is the primary role f drugs courts? Intensive Judicial supervision of drug offenders, mandatory drug treatment, and rehabilitation program, providing vocational, education, family and medical services. 31 . What is the most popular solving court? Is the drug court. 32. What is the violence against women Act of 1994? Which provide federal funding to the states to address domestic violence, the statute provided grants for personnel training, technical assistance, data collection and other equipment for the more wide spread apprehension, prosecution, and adjudication of persons committing violent rimes against women. 3. What is the focus of domestic violence courts? Insurance in the safety of the victim while at the same time monitoring offenders and holding them accountable for their behavior, the mission is to concentrate more on the promotion of victim safety and offender accountability. 34. What re-entry courts due? Re-entry courts are specialized courts that help to reduce a offender’s habitual relapse into crime and improves public safety through the use of Judicial oversight. 35. What is the most common age to consider someone a Juvenile in the criminal justice system? The individual has to be under 18 36.
What is the broken window theory? The notion that communities that allow broken windows which is a metaphor for litter decay vandalism, graffiti, and similar types of social disorientation to problems and clean up their streets and neighborhoods. 37. What are community courts and what kind of crimes they deal? These court focuses on partnerships with the community agencies and problem solving these courts are located in neighborhoods and emphasize only misdemeanors or low level felony offenses and often require convicted offenders to perform community service as a condition of the sentence. 8. Every state allows Juveniles to be treated as adults under what circumstances? A minimum age a specific type of level of offense a sufficiently serious record of prior delinquency. 39. What is parents patria? The original guiding principle of the Juvenile system literally translated as the father of the county, the government’s right and obligation to act on behalf of the child that is to do what is in the best interest of the child.