In India, the Republic Day is celebrated every year on 26th January in New Delhi with great pomp ND pageant. The Republic Day is .NET historically observed by citizens as one of the important national festivals of India. This national festival is also celebrated all over the country and all t he administrative units like the capital cities, district headquarters, sub-divisions, penchants and educational institutions with a lot of enthusiasm. The date 26th January, 1950 is one of the memorable days in Indian history as it was on this day the constitution of India came into force and India became a truly sovereign state.
On that day, the people of India finally realized the dream Of Mahatma Gandhi and the numerous The date 26th January of every year has been recognized as the Republic Day of India. The Republic Day is a national holiday of India to mark the adoption of the constitution of India and the transition of India from the Bruit sis dominion to a republic on 26th January, 1950. This festival is always a solemn reminder of the sacrifice of the martyrs who dedicated their lives for the freedom movement and the succeeding wars. On the Republic Day, the independence pledge Of nationalists is renewed.
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The Republic Day is without speeches. It is the only ceremony in which rhetoric is in the background and visuals are given priority. This national festival at Delhi and the state capitals revolves around the parade in which all the Defense, N. C. C. , school children and cultural groups participate followed by a display of tableaux and folk dances. Before going to the subject, here we have to discuss briefly on the 7 Although, India achieved its independence on August 15, 1947, it did not have a permanent constitution. A Constituent Assembly had been entrusted with the task of framing a new constitution for free India.
On August 29, 1947, the Drafting Committee was appointed to draft a permanent Constitution with Dry. B. R. Embarked as the Chairman. A Draft constitution was prepared by the Committee and submitted to the Assembly on November 4, 1947. The Assembly met, in session open to public, for 166 days, spread over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days before adopting the Constitution. After many deliberations and some modifications, the 308 members of the Assembly signed two handwritten copies of the document (one each in Hindi and English) on January 24, 1950.
Two days later, the Constitution of India became the law of all the Indian lands. The constitution of India came into effect only on 26th January, 1950. Following the date January’ 26 , 1 950, Regard Parkas was elected as the President of India. This was, in fact, a deliberate act signing the Constitution on 26th January, to mark and respect the freedom fighters who wanted 26th January as India s initial Independence Day. Hence India finally declared herself as a Republic State on 26th January, 1950.
It is because of this the August 15th is celebrated as the Independence Day while January 26 of every year is observed as the Republic Day of India respectively. Salient features of the constitution of India for which the Republic Day is celebrated throughout the country. Salient Features of the Constitution of India: After a grand struggle, India achieved her long-cherished freedom on 1 5th August, 1947. The Independence Day, August 15th is celebrated to commemorate the birth of the world s biggest democracy as a great national festival. Our freedom fighters made India free from British Dominion.
Thereafter, we could become the ruler of our country. India was governed by a constitution, which was framed by the Barristers previously. It was the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress at midnight of 31st December, 1929, the congress President Charlatan Nehru announced the congress policy that Complete Independence was the goal of India. It was to e Complete freedom from British domination and imperialism . In that historic session, Mahatma Gandhi also moved his famous resolution on Purina Swears . The resolution on Purina Swears was passed by the congress on the last day of the year 1929.
The atrocious National flag, signifying independence, was unfurled by the Congress President Charlatan Nehru as the thunderous shouts of Inguinal Zanzibar or long live the resolution greeted the occasion from countless throats. The 26 January, 1930 was initially observed by nationalists as the day of Purina Swears or Complete Independence. The nationalists also took the independence pledge n that memorable day. The pledge declared freedom as the inalienable right of the Indian people and criticized the foreign Government for ruling India.
Arising out of Gandhi s serious thought, a pledge had been taken that every year on January 26, the Republican Day would be celebrated and that the people would unceasingly strive for the establishment of a Sovereign, Democratic Republic of India. The Constitution of India is the longest and the elaborate document of the world. A galaxy of top ranking leaders of India, who were assembled in the Constituent Assembly, prepared the draft after ransacking all the known institutions of the world. The Indian Constitution originally contained 395 Articles arranged in twenty-n. O parts and ten schedules. Since then additions have been made by numerous amendments and some provisions have been 8 or attempt to foster this revolution by establishing conditions necessary for its achievements. Similarly, at the time of the emergence of Indian Republic, Sir Anthony Eden, the Prime Minister of Britain (April, 1955 to January, 1957), said of all the experiments in government, which have been attempted since the beginning of time, I believe that the Indian venture into parliamentary overspent is the most exciting.
A vast subcontinent is attempting to apply to its tens and thousands of millions a system of free democracy. It is a brave thing to try to do so. The Indian venture is not a pale imitation of our practice at home, but a magnified and multiplied reproduction on a scale we have never dreamt of. If it succeeds, its influence on Asia is incalculable for good. Whatever the outcome we must honor those who attempt it. The Constitution of India is remarkable for certain unique features of its own. According to B. L.
Emitter some of the distinctive features of the Constitution of India are the acceptance of the Princely order, sovereignty of people, full adult suffrage, joint electorate , the abolition of the Privy Council s jurisdiction and substitution of the Supreme Court in its place, the abolitionist of titles and intractability, civil equality irrespective of religion, enumeration of fundamental rights, directive principles of the state policy, the creation of the President and Cabinet system of government and the establishment of a secular state .
Practically, the Indian constitution has been unique in the world, remarkable in upholding the fundamental rights of the citizens of our country. Considering the importance of the Indian Constitution, the effective date of the Constitution is generally celebrated as the Republic Day of India. Repealed. The preamble defines India as Sovereign Democratic Republic State. The preamble is an integral part of the constitution, which states the aims and objectives of the Constitution.
The preamble to the constitution reads: “we, the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a sovereign socialist secular democratic republic and to secure to all its citizens. ” The four essentials Of democracy are justice, liberty, equality and reiterate, which are the principal objectives of the Indian Constitution. Justice: social, economic and political; liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; equality of status and of opportunity and to promote among them all.
Fraternity assures the dignity of the individual and the unit of the nation. Dominion Status of India established under the Independence Act of 1947 has been terminated and India is now a full-fledged State with all the characteristics of sovereignty. The word Democratic signifies that the real power emanates fro m t he people. The Constitution introduces universal adult franchise ND confers on the adult population of the country the right to elect their representatives for the Union Parliament and State Legislatures at the time of periodical elections to be held every five years.
In this way democracy with all its relevant representative institutions has been introduced in India for the first time during the course of its long history. In fact, the Constitution of India is an elaborate document drawn from many sources. The fundamental rights of people and directive principles of the state policy have been elaborately documented in it. Observing the Constitution of free India, n American constitutional authority Granville Austin has described the Indian Constitution drafted by Dry. B. R.
Embarked as first and foremost a social document . The majority of India s Constitutional provisions are either directly arrived at furthering the aim of social revolution Celebration of the Republic Day at the National Capital: The capital, New Delhi, is the seat of national celebrations on all occasions. The 9 Fort. The V. I. As take their seats on the said day before the commencement of the function. The Prime Minister lays a wreath on the Jan-Kyoto. The celebration starts with the Presidential to the nation.
The beginning of the occasion is always a solemn reminder of the role and sacrifice of the martyrs who died for the cause of country in the freedom movement and also in the succeeding wars for the defense of sovereignty of their motherland. The Prime Minister expresses his high sense of respect to the martyrs. At about 8 A. M. The President comes in his coach drawn by horses. Mounted body guards with uniforms escort the President s coach. The Prime Minister receives the President at the saluting base. As the President climbs the saluting base a twenty one gun salute is given to him or her.
The President of India unfurls he national flag with the song of the national anthem. The helicopters shower flower petals from the air. The President takes salute at an impressive parade. Then, the President comes forward to award the medals of bravery to the people from the armed forces for their exceptional courage in the fields and also the civilians, who have distinguished themselves by their different acts of velour in different situations. The President delivers his or her patriotic speech to audience about the importance of the Republic Day.
Republic Day of India commenced from 26th January, 1 950 signifies the adoption of the Constitution of India. S regarded in the present days as one of the three national holidays in India. Since 26th January, 1950 every year on the 26 January, the Republic Day is celebrated all over India with great patriotic fervor. It is a great national festival of our country. To mark the importance of the occasion, every year a grand parade is held in the capital New Delhi, from the Raising hill near the Aristocrat Banyan (President s palace), along the Rajah, past India Gate and on the Historic Red Fort.
The capital city, New Delhi, witnesses one of the most majestic parades on the Republic Day. The different regiments of he Army, the Navy and the Air-force participate in the parade with their finery and official decorations even the horses of the cavalry are attractively caparisoned to suit the occasion. The CRAme of N. C. C. Cadets selected from all over the country consider it an honor to participate in this event. School children from various schools of the capital actively take part in the parade. Police, ex-servicemen, Scouts also participate in the parade with patriotic fervor.
They spend many days preparing for the event and no expense is spared to see that every detail is taken the essential props and their uniforms. The seating arrangements are made in the lawns near the Red The parade is followed by a pageant of spectacular displays from the different States Of the country. These moving exhibits depict scenes of activities of people in those states and the music and the songs of that particular state. Each display brings out the diversity and richness of the culture of India and the whole show lends a festive air to the occasion.
A colorful cultural programmer follows the military programmer. The Parade is also an occasion for the display of India s military strength and a number of arms, ammunitions, tanks and fighter aircrafts, some of them indigenously plopped, are paraded. The latest war weapons 10 move slowly by the saluting base. The band plays martial tunes. As armed forces pass the saluting base, they turn their eyes towards the President. The commanding officer salutes and marches on. Hundreds of schools children pass on with colorful dresses, carrying flags.
The folk dancers from the different States also pass on. Of the martyrs those who dedicated their lives for the cause of our motherland. The people of Arioso enjoy the colorful march past. The Governor delivers his eloquent speech on the importance of Republic Day. Besides unfurling the national lag and taking salutes, the Governor of Arioso also gives away awards of merit to the teachers, policemen and to the employees of the state Government. The students selected to get the state awards in different branches are also given the prizes on that day.
In short, at capital Delhi the most spectacular celebration includes the march past of the three armed forces, massive parade, folk dances by tribal folks from the different states in picturesque customs marking the cultural unity of India. Further, the streak of jet planes Of Indian Air force, leaving a trial of colored smoke, marks the end of the festival. The Republic Day is also celebrated at other administrative units like districts headquarters, sub-divisional headquarters, penchants, etc. Really, some of the freedom fighters of Arioso lost their lives during the struggle against the Barristers.
The Republic Day is commemorated in memory of the martyrs those who dedicated their lives for the achievement of independence of India from the British Dominion. On the Republic Day, we pay our respectful homage to those valiant fighters for their supreme sacrifice and immense love for our motherland. People of other states of India also celebrate the Republic Day like Arioso with great enthusiasm. Celebration of the Republic Day in Arioso: The Republic Day is enthusiastically celebrated in all the states of India including Arioso with patriotic fervor. Arioso is one of the important coastal-states of India.
Some of the freedom fighters as well as martyrs Of Arioso had sacrificed their lives for the cause of our country. They are Veer Surrender SAA, Births Mundane, Bubs Sagebrush Vidalia Anaphora, Intake Scubas Bose, Lasagna Nazi, Jaycee Arguer, Baja Rout, and others. The freedom fighters of our state waged a relentless struggle against the British government and actively supported the programs of the Indian National Congress ender the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of our nation. In Arioso, the celebration of the Republic Day is organized by the state government at Banner’s.
At the capital city, Banner’s, the Republic Day is celebrated with patriotic fervor. N. C. C. , Police, ex-servicemen, Scouts, school children actively take part in the parade on the occasion of Republic Day on 26th January every year. The Governor of Arioso takes the salute from the Police, N. C. C. And students. On that day, he unfurls the national flag in memory Observation of the Republic Day at Educational Institutions: January 26 is also observed in all the schools, colleges, universities and other technical institutes of the whole country as the Republic Day of India.