Friar Laurence decides to onto TTY Romeo about the hoax so that he could meet Juliet after her burial and flee with her as soon as she recovers from her swoon and so he sends Friar John, to go and give Romeo a letter to notify of the “death” of his dearly beloved. However, Blathers, Romeos servant, sees the burial of Juliet, thinking that she is dead, he goes to convey the bad news Romeo and unluckily reaches Romeo before Friar John. In misery, Romeo hurries to Gullet’s tomb and ends his life by drinking poison.
Wakening up in a while after he expires, Juliet discovers a dead Romeo and goes on to stab herself with his dagger in order to join him. Later, both the families attend their Joint funeral together and come to an understanding to end the feud. Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austin is about the 5 daughters of Mr.. And Mrs.. Bennett and their struggles as their mother, Mrs.. Bennett, strains to get them married. They get to know that the men are Mr.. Bentley, who has just rented the local estate of Nether field, and Mr.. Dairy, both rich, eligible unmarried men, and this excites Mrs..
Don’t waste your time!
Order your assignment!
Bennett. When Mr.. Dairy does ask her to dance with him, she refuses, nonetheless when Mr.. Hickman asks her right in front of Dairy, she accepts. Later, he asks her hand in marriage, but she refuses, partly due to the fact that Hickman had told her about Dairy depriving him of his rightful fortune, and also for the reason that she has Just got to know that ended the love between Mr.. Bentley and Jane. Mr.. Dairy visits Elizabeth and tells her that Hickman will never marry Lydia. The story ends with a long kiss between Elizabeth and Dairy, with Mrs..
Bennett spying on them and seeing how her other daughters have found noble suitors. CONTEXT Romeo and Juliet was written by the most persuasive playwright in all of English literature, William Shakespeare, was born in 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon, England to a successful middle class family that made gloves. Shakespearean works were gathered and printed in numerous editions in the century following his death, and by the early eighteenth century his name as the greatest poet ever to write in English as well established.
The unprecedented esteem garnered by his works steered to a fierce inquisitiveness about Shakespearean life, but the dearth of factual information has left many details of Shakespearean personal history masked in mystery. A quite a few of Shakespearean plays seem to have even excelled the category of brilliance, becoming so influential as to intensely affect the path of Western literature and culture ever after. (Marks) Through the unsurpassed intensity of his language Shakespeare prospered in this effort, in writing a play which is accepted universally n Western culture as the foremost, archetypal love story. Isabella Hopkins) The film was directed and co-written by Franco Ziegfeld, and starred Leonard Whiting and Olivia Hussy. Pride and Prejudice was written by Jane Austin. She was born in Stevenson, England, in the year of 1775, and she lived there until she was twenty-five years old. She published her book was in January 1813, two years after her first novel, ‘Sense and Sensibility, and it attained an admiration that has endured even to this day.
She published four more novels: Emma, Mansfield Park, Northerner, Persuasion, ND Abbey. Persuasion, and Abbey, were published in 1818, a year following to her death. (Learning lit) During Jane Student’s life, only her family knew about her authorship of her novels. Although anonymous publication prevented her from securing an authorial reputation, it also allowed her to keep her privacy at an era when the English society allied a tamale’s appearance into the public scope Witt a reprehensible cost of femininity.
The social environment of Student’s Regency in England was on the whole stratified, and class separations were rooted in family acquaintances and wealth. However, Austin was in various ways a realist, and the England that she portrays is one in which has limited social mobility and strong class-consciousness. (Austin 1994) Socially well-organized ideas of suitable behavior for respective genders factored into the works of Austin. Being a clergyman’s daughter, she would have had hands on experience on parish work and was without doubt conscious of the poor people around her.
The criticisms that she makes on class structure give the impression to take account of only the middle and upper social classes; the lower social classes in which if they seem to appear whatsoever, re in general servants who look as if they are seamlessly pleased by means of their lot. This absence of attentiveness in the lives of the poor people may perhaps be a catastrophe on Student’s part, on the other hand it ought to be understood as a catastrophe communal by the greater part of English people at the time. Austin 1994) On the whole, she occupies a questioning position amongst the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In their cognizance of the situations of modernity and urban life and the costs for family structure and single characters, they foreshadow ample Victorian literature. Austin 1994) PLOT The plotting for Romeo and Juliet starts as a brawl breaks out in the streets among the servants of Caplet and Montague; the feuding noble families of Verona. Benevolence, a Montague, tries to stop the fighting, but is himself embroiled while the hasty Caplet, Table, comes to on the scene.
After people are annoyed by the constant ferocity overthrow the aggressive parties, Prince Callus, the head of state of Verona, endeavors to prevent further clashes amongst the families by sentencing penalty of death for any person who disrupts the peace of Verona in the future. (BBC Learning) Romeo, Montage’s son, bumps into Benevolence, his cousin who had seen him earlier moping in a sycamore grove. After some nudging by Benevolence, Romeo confesses that he is fallen in love with woman named Rosalie, who doesn’t return his loves.
Benevolence advices Romeo to forget Rosalie and find another woman who is more beautiful. But Romeo stays despondent. (BBC Learning) In the meantime, Count Paris, a kinsman of Prince Callus, seeks the hand of Juliet, in marriage. Gullet’s father Caplet, yet happy at the proposal, asks Paris to delay it two years, since Juliet has not even turned en fourteen. Caplet sends forth a servant with a list of folks to invite to a masquerade and a feast that he holds traditionally. He invites Count Paris to the feast, eager that Paris will win the heart of Juliet. Learning Literature) Romeo and Benevolence, yet discussing Rosalie, come across the Caplet servant who bears the invitations list. Benevolence suggests that they go to the masquerade, since that it would give space to Romeo to compare his beloved Rosalie to other gorgeous women of Verona. Romeo reaches the agreement to go the feast with Benevolence, only for the reason that Rosalie, whose name will be present. BBC Learning) In the household of the Capsules, Juliet talks with Lady Caplet, her mother, and her nursemaid regarding the likelihood of marrying Count Paris.
Although Juliet has not yet well-thought-out about the marriage, she agrees to give Paris a chance during the feast to see whether she’d fall in love with him. (BBC Learning) As the feast begins, Romeo felling melancholy, tallow Benevolence and their enter retaining tried Mercuric to house tot the Capsules. Once they got inside, Romeo sees Juliet from afar and falls in love with her instantly completely forgetting about Rosalie. As Romeo keeps his eyes fixed Juliet, attracted, to the young Caplet, Table the first cousin of Juliet, recognizes him, and becomes furious that a Montague would secretly come to into a Caplet feast.
He gets ready to attack, but Caplet forbids him. Before long, Romeo speaks to Juliet, and the teenagers experience a deep attraction. They even go onto kiss, not even knowing the names of each other. But when he discoveries from Gullet’s nurse that she is the Caplet’s daughterвЂ? the enemy of his familyвЂ?he becomes distressed. When Juliet hears that the young man that she has Just kissed is Montage’s son, she grows equally upset as him. Learning Literature) As Benevolence and Mercuric leave the estate of Caplet, unable to leave Juliet behind Romeo Jumps over the orchard hedge into the garden.
From the place he was hiding, he sees his Juliet in a window above the orchard hedge and overhears her voice his name. He gets her attention, and they go on to exchange their vows of love. (BBC Learning) Hurriedly, Romeo goes to see Friar Lawrence who is his friend and confessor. Though taken aback at the unexpected turn of Romeos heart, he agrees to secretly marry the young lovers because he understands that their love could be the possible of ending the long-standing feud mid Capsules and Montague.
The next day, Romeo and Juliet come together at Friar Lawrence cell and are wedded. (BBC Learning) The following day, Mercuric and Benevolence encounter TableвЂ?Gullet’s first cousinвЂ?who, still furious about the fact that Romeo attended feast of the Capsules, and challenges Romeo to a duel. Romeo appears and since by marriage Table is a kinsman, Romeo pleads the Capsules to delay the duel ’till he realizes why Romeo does not want to duel. Disgusted with this appeal for peace, Mercuric declares that he will duel Table himself.
The two of them egging to duel, Romeo attempts to stop them by Jumping in to the middle of the combatants. Table stabs Mercuric underneath Romeos arm, and Mercuric expires. Enraged by this Romeo, kills Table and thereafter he flees from the scene. Soon after, the Prince sentences him to be banished forever from Verona for crime he committed. Friar Lawrence arrays for Romeo to spend the wedding night with his beloved Juliet till he has to set course for Mantra the next morning. (Learning Literature) In her room, Juliet awaits the arrival of her new husband.
The Nurse enters, and, after some confusion, tells Juliet that Romeo has killed Table. Distraught, Juliet suddenly finds herself married to a man who has killed her kinsman. But she resettles herself, and realizes that her duty belongs with her love: to Romeo. (Learning Literature) Romeo sneaks into Gullet’s room that night, and at last they consummate their marriage and their love. Morning comes, and the lovers bid farewell, unsure when they will see each other again. Juliet learns that her father, affected by the recent events, now intends for her to marry Paris in Just three days.
Unsure of how to proceedвЂ?unable to reveal to her parents that she is married to Romeo, but unwilling to marry Paris now that she is Romeos wifeвЂ?Juliet asks her nurse for advice. She counsels Juliet to proceed as if Romeo were dead and to marry Paris, who is a better match anyway. Disgusted with the Nurse’s disloyalty, Juliet disregards her advice and hurries to Friar Lawrence. He concocts a plan to reunite Juliet with Romeo in Mantra. The night before her wedding to Paris, Juliet must drink a potion that will make near appear to be dead .
Tater seen is laid to rest in the Tamil crypt, the Friar and Romeo will secretly retrieve her, and she will be free to live with Romeo, away from their parents’ feuding. BBC Learning) Juliet returns home to discover the wedding has been moved ahead one day, and she is to be married tomorrow. That night, Juliet drinks the potion, and the Nurse discovers her, apparently dead, the next morning. The Capsules grieve, and Juliet is entombed according to plan. But Friar Lawrence message explaining the plan to Romeo never reaches Mantra.
Its bearer, Friar John, gets confined to a quarantined house. Romeo hears only that Juliet is dead. (Learning Literature) Romeo learns only of Gullet’s death and decides to kill himself rather than live without her. He buys a vial of poison from reluctant Apothecary, then speeds back to Verona to take his own life at Gullet’s tomb. Outside the Caplet crypt, Romeo comes upon Paris, who is scattering flowers on Gullet’s grave. They fight, and Romeo kills Paris. He enters the tomb, sees Gullet’s inanimate body, drinks the poison, and dies by her side.
Just then, Friar Lawrence enters and realizes that Romeo has killed Paris and himself. At the same time, Juliet awakes. Friar Lawrence hears the coming of the watch. When Juliet refuses to leave with him, he flees alone. Juliet sees her beloved Romeo and realizes he has killed himself with poison. She kisses his poisoned lips, and when that does not kill her, buries his dagger in her chest, falling dead upon his body. (Learning Literature) The watch arrives, followed closely by the Prince, the Capsules, and Montague.
Seeing their children’s bodies, Caplet and Montague agree to end their long-standing feud and to raise gold statues of their children side-by-side in a newly peaceful Verona. (BBC Learning) The plotting for Pride and Prejudice starts with the news that a wealthy young gentleman named Charles Bentley has rented the manor of Interfiled Park causes a great stir in the nearby village of Longhorn, especially in he Bennett household. The Bennett have five unmarried daughtersвЂ?from oldest to youngest, Jane, Elizabeth, Mary, Kitty, and LydiaвЂ?and Mrs..
Bennett is desperate to see them all married. After Mr.. Bennett pays a social visit to. Mr.. Bentley, the Bennett attend a ball at which Mr.. Bentley is present. He is taken with Jane and spends much of the evening dancing with her. His close friend, Mr.. Dairy, is less pleased with the evening and haughtily refuses to dance with Elizabeth, which makes everyone view him as arrogant and obnoxious. (Austin, 1994) At social functions over subsequent weeks, however, Mr.. Dairy finds himself increasingly attracted to Elizabethan charm and intelligence. Cane’s friendship with Mr..
Bentley also continues to burgeon, and Jane pays a visit to the Bentley mansion. On her Journey to the house she is caught in a downpour and catches ill, forcing her to stay at Interfiled for several days. In order to tend to Jane, Elizabeth hikes through muddy fields and arrives with a spattered dress, much to the disdain of the snobbish Miss Bentley, Charles Bentleys sister. Miss Bentleys spite only increases when she notices that Dairy, whom she is pursuing, pays quite a bit of attention to Elizabeth. Austin, 1994) When Elizabeth and Jane return home, they find Mr.. Collins visiting their household.
Mr.. Collins is a young clergyman who stands to inherit Mr.. Bonnet’s property, which has been “entailed,” meaning that it can only be passed down to male heirs. Mr.. Collins is a pompous fool, though he is quite enthralled by the Bennett girls. Shortly after his arrival, he makes a proposal of marriage to Elizabeth. She turns him down, wounding his pride. Meanwhile, the Bennett girls nave become trendily Witt militia officers stationed in a nearby town. Among them is Hickman, a handsome young soldier who s friendly toward Elizabeth and tells her how Dairy cruelly cheated him out of an inheritance. Austin, 1994) At the beginning of winter, the Bentleys and Dairy leave Interfiled and return to London, much to Cane’s dismay. A further shock arrives with the news that Mr.. Collins has become engaged to Charlotte Lucas, Elizabethan best friend and the poor daughter of a local knight. Charlotte explains to Elizabeth that she is getting older and needs the match for financial reasons. Charlotte and Mr.. Collins get married and Elizabeth promises to visit them at their new home. As winter regresses, Jane visits the city to see friends (hoping also that she might see Mr..
Bentley). However, Miss Bentley visits her and behaves rudely, while Mr.. Bentley fails to visit her at all. The marriage prospects for the Bennett girls appear bleak. (Austin, 1994) That spring, Elizabeth visits Charlotte, who now lives near the home of Mr.. Collision’s patron, Lady Catherine De Borough, who is also Dairy’s aunt. Dairy calls on Lady Catherine and encounters Elizabeth, whose presence leads him to make a number of visits to the Collision’s home, where she is staying. One day, he makes a hocking proposal of marriage, which Elizabeth quickly refuses.
She tells Dairy that she considers him arrogant and unpleasant, then scolds him for steering Bentley away from Jane and disinheriting Hickman. Dairy leaves her but shortly thereafter delivers a letter to her. In this letter, he admits that he urged Bentley to distance himself from Jane, but claims he did so only because he thought their romance was not serious. As for Hickman, he informs Elizabeth that the young officer is a liar and that the real cause of their disagreement was Hacksaw’s attempt to elope with his young sister, Georgian Dairy.
Austin, 1994) This letter causes Elizabeth to reevaluate her feelings about Dairy. She returns home and acts coldly toward Hickman. The militia is leaving town, which makes the younger, rather man-crazy Bennett girls distraught. Lydia manages to obtain permission from her father to spend the summer with an old colonel in Brighton, where Hacksaw’s regiment will be stationed. With the arrival of June, Elizabeth goes on another Journey, this time with the Gardeners, who are relatives of the Bennett. The trip takes her to the North and eventually to the neighborhood of Pimpernel, Dairy’s estate.
She visits Pimpernel, after making sure that Dairy is away, and delights in the building and grounds, while hearing from Dairy’s servants that he is a wonderful, generous master. Suddenly, Dairy arrives and behaves cordially toward her. Making no mention of his proposal, he entertains the Gardeners and invites Elizabeth to meet his sister. (Austin, 1994) Shortly thereafter, however, a letter arrives from home, telling Elizabeth that Lydia has eloped with Hickman and that the couple is nowhere to be found, which suggests that they may be living together out of wedlock.
Fearful of the disgrace such situation would bring on her entire family, Elizabeth hastens home. Mr.. Gardener and Mr.. Bennett go off to search for Lydia, but Mr.. Bennett eventually returns home empty-handed. Just when all hope seems lost, a letter comes from Mr.. Gardener saying that the couple has been found and that Hickman has agreed to marry Lydia in exchange for an annual income. The Bennett are convinced that Mr.. Gardener has paid off Hickman, but Elizabeth learns that the source of the money, and of her family’s salvation, was none other than Dairy. (Laurite. Erg) Now married, Hickman and Lydia return to Longhorn briefly, where Mr.. Bennett treats them coldly. They then depart for Hacksaw’s new assignment in the North of England. Shortly thereafter, Bentley returns to Interfiled and resumes his courtship of Jane. Dairy goes to stay with him and pays visits to the Bennett but makes no mention of his desire to marry Elizabeth. Bentley, on the other hand, presses his suit and proposes to Jane, to the delight of everyone but Bentleys haughty sister. While the family celebrates, Lady Catherine De Borough pays a visit to Longhorn.
She corners Elizabeth and says that she has heard that Dairy, her nephew, is planning to marry her. Since she considers a Bennett an unsuitable match for a Dairy, Lady Catherine demands that Elizabeth promise to refuse him. Elizabeth spiritedly refuses, saying she is not engaged to Dairy, but she will not promise anything against her own happiness. A little later, Elizabeth and Dairy go out walking together and he tells her that his feelings have not altered since the spring. She tenderly accepts his proposal, and both Jane and Elizabeth are married. Austin, 1994) CHARACTERS Shakespeare introduces a number of characters in Romeo and Juliet such as Romeo, Juliet, Friar Lawrence and Mercuric. A brief analysis about each character will be elaborated in the following. Romeo -The name Romeo, in popular culture, has become nearly synonymous with “lover. ” Romeo, in Romeo and Juliet, does indeed experience a love of such purity and passion that he kills himself when he believes that the object of his love, Juliet, has died. The power of Romeos love, however, often obscures a clear vision of Romeos character, which is far more complex.
Even Romeos relation to love is not so simple. The love she shares with Romeo is far deeper, more authentic and unique than the clicheГ©d puppy love Romeo felt for Rosalie. Her level-headed observations, such as the one about Romeos kissing, seem Just the thing to snap Romeo from his superficial idea of love and to inspire him to begin to speak some of the most beautiful and intense love poetry ever written. Yet Romeos deep capacity for love is merely a part of his larger capacity for intense feeling of all kinds.
Of course, though, had Romeo not had such depths of feeling, the love he shared with Juliet would never have existed in the first place. (BBC Learning) Among his friends, especially while bantering with Mercuric, Romeo shows glimpses of his social persona. Juliet – Having not quite reached her fourteenth birthday, Juliet is of an age that stands on the border between immaturity and maturity. When Lady Caplet mentions Parish’s interest in marrying Juliet, Juliet dutifully responds that she will try to see if she can love him, a response that seems childish in its obedience and in its immature conception of love.
Juliet seems to have no friends her own age, and she is not comfortable talking about sex as seen in her discomfort when the Nurse goes on and on about a sexual Joke at Gullet’s expense. (Learning Literature) Juliet gives glimpses of her determination, strength, and sober- mindedness, in her earliest scenes, and offers a preview of the woman she will become during the four-day span of Romeo and Juliet. Juliet will accede to her mother’s wishes, but she will not go out of her way to fall in love with Paris. (BBC Learning) Gullet’s first meeting with Romeo propels her full-force toward adulthood.
Essentially, Juliet cuts herself loose from her prior social mooringsвЂ?her nurse, her parents, and her social position in VeronaвЂ?in order to try to reunite with Romeo. (Learning Literature) Friar Lawrence – He occupies a strange position in Romeo and Juliet. He is a kindhearted cleric who helps Romeo and Juliet throughout the play. But Friar Lawrence is also the most scheming and political of characters in the play: he marries Romeo and Juliet as part of a plan to end the civil strife in Verona; he devises the plan to reunite Romeo and Juliet through the deceptive ruse of a sleeping potion that seems to arise from almost mystic knowledge.
In addition, though Friar Lawrence plans all seem well conceived and well intentioned, they serve as the main mechanisms through which the fated tragedy of the play occurs. (Literature. Erg) Mercuric – With a lightning-quick wit and a clever mind, Mercuric is a scene stealer and one of the most memorable characters in all of Shakespearean works. The critic Stephen Greenbelts describes Mercuric as a force within the play that functions to deflate the possibility of romantic love and the power of tragic fate.
Unlike the other characters who blame their deaths on fate, Mercuric dies cursing all Montague and Capsules. (Literature. Org) The most important characters in Pride and Prejudice are Elizabeth Bennett, Fatalism Dairy, Jane Bennett and Charles Bentley, Mr.. Bennett and Mrs.. Bennett. Elizabeth Bennett – The second daughter in the Bennett family, and the most intelligent and quick-witted, Elizabeth is the protagonist of Pride and Prejudice and one of the most well-known female characters in English literature.
Pride and Prejudice is essentially the story of how she and her true love, Dairy overcome all obstaclesвЂ?including their own personal failingsвЂ?to find romantic happiness. Elizabeth must not only cope with a hopeless mother, a distant father, two badly behaved younger siblings, and several snobbish, antagonizing females, she must also overcome her own mistaken impressions of Dairy, which initially lead her to reject his proposals of marriage. (Literature. Org) Fatalism Dairy – The son of a wealthy, well-established family and the master of the great estate of Pimpernel, Dairy is Elizabethan male counterpart.
Dairy demonstrates his continued devotion to Elizabeth, in spite of his distaste for her low connections, when he rescues Lydia and the entire Bennett family from disgrace, and when he goes against the wishes of his haughty aunt, Lady Catherine De Borough, by continuing to pursue Elizabeth. Dairy roves himself worthy of Elizabeth, and she ends up repenting her earlier, overly harsh Judgment of him. (AS Handbook) Jane Bennett and Charles Bentley – Elizabethan beautiful elder sister and Dairy’s wealthy best friend, Jane and Bentley engage in a courtship that occupies a central place in the novel.
They are spoken of as a potential couple throughout the book, long before anyone imagines that Dairy and Elizabeth might marry. Jane and Bentley exhibit to the reader true love unhampered by either pride or prejudice, though in their simple goodness, they also demonstrate that such a love is mildly dull. (Literature. Org) Mr.. Bennett – he is the patriarch of the Bennett householdвЂ?the husband of Mrs.. Bennett and the father of Jane, Elizabeth, Lydia, Kitty, and Mary.
Initially, his dry wit and self-possession in the face of his wife’s hysteria make him a sympathetic figure, but, though he remains likable throughout, the reader gradually loses respect for him as it becomes clear that the price of his detachment is considerable. Detached from his family, he is a weak father and, at critical moments, fails his family. (Learning Literature) Mrs.. Bennett – she serves as a middle-class counterpoint to such upper-class snobs as Lady Catherine and Miss Bentley, demonstrating that foolishness can be found at every level of society. In the end, however, Mrs..
Bennett proves such an unattractive figure, lacking redeeming characteristics tot any kind, that some readers nave accused Austin tot Unitarians in portraying herвЂ?as if Austin, like Mr.. Bennett, took perverse pleasure in poking fun at a woman already scorned as a result of her ill breeding. (Learning Literature) NARRATOR/ POINT OF VIEW Romeo and Juliet has both indirect and direct narrating. Insofar as a play has a point of view, that of Romeo and Juliet; occasionally the play uses the point of view of the Montague and Caplet servants to illuminate the actions of their masters.
Pride and Prejudice is narrated in the third-person omniscient and it’s primarily told from Elizabeth Bonnet’s point of view. SETTING Romeo and Juliet is set in the thirteenth or fourteenth century in Italy in Verona and Mantra. Much of the action takes place in Gullet’s house. Two cities of Venice are also mentioned in the play. The Capsules and the Montague, the main families of the play, are from noble lineage and wealth; they dress well, live in fancy surroundings, and are served by many attendants. The plays basic setting, therefore, is rich and elegant. (Modern world lit) Pride and Prejudice is set in the 19th century in England.
It is set principally in Longhorn, the Worcestershire country town that is a mile from Emerson and twenty-four miles from London. It is a well-ordered, provincial town, filled with landed gentry and oblivious to the sweeping changes occurring outside the fringes of its narrow, circumscribed vision. (Best Literature) THEMES The themes for Romeo and Juliet are ‘The Forcefulness of Love’, ‘Love as a Cause of Violence’, ‘The Individual versus Society and ‘The Inevitability of Fate’. These themes are explained further on. The Forcefulness of Love – Romeo and Juliet is the most famous love story in the English literary tradition.
Love in Romeo and Juliet is a brutal, powerful emotion that captures individuals and catapults them against their world, and, at times, against themselves. The powerful nature of love can be seen in the way it is described, or, more accurately, the way descriptions of it so consistently fail to capture its entirety. Juliet, perhaps, most perfectly describes her love for Romeo by refusing to describe it: “But my true love is grown to such excess / I cannot sum up mom of half my wealth”. Love, in other words, resists any single metaphor because it is too powerful to be so easily contained or understood.
Romeo and Juliet does not make a specific moral statement about the relationships between love and society, religion, and family. (Modern world lit) (BBC Education) Love as a Cause of Violence – The themes of death and violence permeate Romeo and Juliet, and they are always connected to passion, whether that passion is love or hate. The passionate love between Romeo and Juliet is linked from the moment of its inception with death: Table notices that Romeo has crashed the feast and determines to kill him Just as Romeo catches sight of Juliet and falls instantly in love with her.
Romeo and Juliet are plagued with thoughts of suicide, and a willingness to experience it: Romeo brandishes a knife in Friar Lawrence cell and threatens to kill himself after he has been banished from Verona and his love. (BBC Education) The Individual versus Society – Much of Romeo and Juliet involves the lovers’ struggles against public and social institutions that either explicitly or implicitly oppose the existence of their love. For example, Juliet calls Romeo “the god tot my idolatry,” elevating Romeo to level tot God. But the social emphasis placed on masculine honor is so profound that Romeo cannot simply ignore them.
It is possible to see Romeo and Juliet as a battle between the responsibilities and actions demanded by social institutions and those demanded by the private desires of the individual. (BBC Learning) The Inevitability of Fate – In its first address to the audience, the Chorus states that Romeo and Juliet are “star-crossed”вЂ?that is to say that fate; a power often vested in the movements of the stars controls them. These events are not mere coincidences, but rather manifestations of fate that help bring about the unavoidable outcome of the young lovers’ deaths.
The concept of fate described above is the most commonly accepted interpretation. There are other possible readings of fate in the play: as a force determined by the powerful social institutions that influence Romeo and Gullet’s choices, as well as fate as a force that emerges from Romeo and Gullet’s very personalities. (Dramas) The themes for Pride and Prejudice are ‘Love’, ‘Reputation’ and ‘Class’. They are explained further in the following. Love – Pride and Prejudice contains one of the most cherished love stories in English literature: the courtship between Dairy and Elizabeth.
One could also say that Elizabeth is guilty of prejudice and Dairy of prideвЂ?the title cuts both ways. Austin, meanwhile, poses countless smaller obstacles to the realization of the love between Elizabeth and Dairy, including Lady Catering’s attempt to control her nephew, Miss Bentleys snobbery, Mrs.. Bonnet’s idiocy, and Hacksaw’s deceit. Dairy and Elizabethan realization of a mutual and tender love seems to imply that Austin views love as something independent of these social forces, as something that can be captured if only an individual is able to escape the warping effects of hierarchical society. Austin 1994) Reputation – Pride and Prejudice depicts a society in which a woman’s reputation is of the utmost importance. At other points, the ill-mannered, ridiculous behavior of Mrs.. Bennett gives her a bad reputation with the more refined and snobbish Darers and Bentleys. Austin pokes gentle fun at the snobs in these examples, but later in the novel, when Lydia elopes with Hickman and lives with him out of wedlock, the author treats reputation as a very serious matter. By becoming Hacksaw’s lover without benefit of marriage, Lydia clearly places herself outside the social pale, and her disgrace threatens the entire Bennett family.
The happy ending of Pride and Prejudice is certainly emotionally satisfying, but in many ways it leaves the theme of reputation, and the importance placed on reputation, unexplored. (Austin 1994) Class – The theme of class is related to reputation, in that both reflect the strictly regimented nature of life for the middle and upper classes in Regency England. While the Bennett’, who are middle class, may socialize with the upper-class Bentleys and Dairy’s, they are clearly their social inferiors and are treated as such.
Through the Dairy-Elizabeth and Bentley-Jane marriages, Austin shows the power of love and happiness to overcome class boundaries and prejudices, thereby implying that such prejudices are hollow, unfeeling, and unproductive. Of course, this whole discussion of class must be made with the understanding that Austin herself is often criticized as being a classics: she doesn’t really represent anyone from the lower classes; Austin does criticize class structure but only a limited slice of that structure. (Austin 1994) MOTIFS