Cue True Culture is assimilated with a common term that everyone beliefs. There are different understanding of the cultural patterns and learned behavior in society. Culture is peoples understanding of the world in their own mind and lives within. According to Edward B. Taylor culture is I quote “that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society. ” Cultures relate to each other by nationality, ethnicity, traditions and art.
Different cultures have a different morals, custom and laws. For example in some countries women are ho raise the society has a different marital tradition. Value Values develop over time it’s a general principle and belief where majority of society agrees on. Value is a rules which everyone has to follow and can identify right from wrong, bad from good. I quote “Conflict theory focuses on how values differ between groups within a culture, while functionalism focuses on the shared values within a culture. ” For example Sociologist Robert K.
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Morton says quote “that Americans values success and power but not everyone has equal opportunities to achieve these values. ” Another sociologist Tailcoat Parsons states tote “that Americans share the common value of the “American work ethic” which encourages hard work. ” Norms Norms is a sort of common people’s behavior that everyone in society follows. Usually a norm is generally passed from generation to generation and has been recognizes (accepted) over time. Norms differ broadly through cultural group.
I quote “that the rule of a group uses for appropriate and inappropriate values, beliefs, attitudes and behaviors. ” For example I am from Lithuania and in winter is very cold is -20 C whereas in Britain is warmer therefore I have adapted the climate change. That means norms are not fixed it can change. But in each culture norms are different for example Asian cooks carry very much but in Lithuania people mostly use potatoes in cooking. By not complying with the rules can result in harsh punishment and can be penalized also exclusion from the society or group, or being seen as deviant.
According to Sociologist there are four types of norms such as folkways, mores, taboos and law. Folkways is known as I quote “standards of behavior that are socially approved but not morally significant for example belching, gulping and bring up wind is not appropriate to o loudly after or at the dinner table at someone else’s home breaks an American folkway. Mores are norms of morality. By braking mores it’s strictly forbidden. For example I quote “some culture parents beliefs that only married coupe should live together not with the boyfriend.
They will see that daughter’s action is violating their moral guidelines. ” Taboo is a norm that forbids violating the rules. If for example in some culture people do not eat pork or cow by violating this rule is classed as unfit to live in this society. Laws are written down by the enforcement agency and everyone has to follow them. For example driving thou sit belt, drunk or murder someone will be classed as violating the law and will be penalized or go to prison. Roles are a routine of behavior acted out in everyday life like a pattern.
That means everyone in society has a role such as family, gender, workplace, student, and friendship roles. But these roles are in conflict for example when you as a student need to complete assignment and work part time. Primary solicitation is I quote “the process by which children learn the cultural norms of the society into which they are born. Therefore primary solicitation occurs in the family. A child’s primary solicitations begins at birth through interaction with their parents and family. At this time, a person begins to form their identity. According to Tailcoat Parsons, I quote “the first time of solicitation comes at the primary level where a child is developing personality characteristics, beliefs and values based on their upbringing. A child will adopt attitudes and beliefs based on their family and their parents. Primary solicitation occurs in the family home. Parents generally have a goal or an expectation of the way they want their child to develop. ” Secondary Solicitation The secondary solicitation happens when I tote “a person is learning about what is tolerable and what is not tolerable.
It usually occurs on a small group level to teenagers and young adults. This level of solicitation enables one to become more aware of what the larger society expects of them. School provides a form of secondary solicitation. When a child goes to school, they take the influence of their primary solicitation (parents and family) and use it to make sense of what they learn from the new culture of school and the cultures represented by the individuals they encounter there. Secondary solicitation continues into adulthood. Joining clubs or ports teams, getting a job and starting a new family all exemplify secondary solicitation.