One will compare and contrast the concepts of conformity and obedience. One will also analyze a classical study concerning the effect of group influence on the self. One will analyze a contemporary example of the effect that group influence has on the self. One will also analyze individuals and societal influences that led to deviance from dominant group norms. The Concept of conformity and Obedience According to Fiske, conformity is the influence of the majority on individual behavior, began with studies of perceptual suggestion, group norms, and group reassure (2010, p. 33). When one conforms him or herself within a group, his or her devotion for that group shows. One’s culture, gender, and personality are believed to show an impact on how one conform his or herself in a group setting (Fiske, 2010). Conformity has such a broad meaning because it refers to one’s displayed common behavior with his or her peers. In this case one believes to obligate no societal moralities toward his or her behaviors. One conforms to various groups with intentions on fitting in (belonging) to a group; rather than an outsider of that reticular group.
Although one may be experienced and knowledgeable about a specific situation, everyone may not agree with his or her beliefs. One is entitled to have a different opinion and outlook than others; therefore, the decision that needs to be made may not be an easy call. An example of conformity is the Solomon Cash experiment (1956). The results from the Cash experiment revealed that there is a durable predisposition to conform under group pressure even when the response is clear. Cash found the experiment to reveal the importance of there being conformity.
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The experiment also revealed during Coach’s two-thirds of trials, the participants were consistently independent, indicating that one can be unaffected by group pressure. Obedience Obedience is the influence of authority on subordinates (Fiske, 2010, p. 533). Obedience forces one to comply with the command of others. Obedience has a restrained function because of its ability to control the actions of others. There are some individuals that feel as if he or she has been obligated to abide to guidelines set by others in an authority figure. An example of Obedience is the Stanley Amalgam experiment (1961).
The results of the Amalgam experiment consisted of seeing the level of shock the participants were willing to convey. The level of shock taken by the participants measured the obedience. At the beginning of the experiment one predicted that out of 100 there would only be three participants to follow through with the experiment. There were a total of 40 participants and 26 could deliver the maximum shocks and 14 walked away from the experiment before reaching the maximum. There were participants that became upset and flustered during the experiment, but continued to abide by the commands given through the experiment.
After the experiment, was complete the participants were debriefed and 84% had no regrets from participating, while 1% had regrets of his or her involvement (Cherry, 2011). Conformity and obedience are both related to social influences that are endured by one. At times one’s social influences cause him or her to modify his or her behaviors constructed on his or her relations to the group that he or she partakes (Fiske, 2010). When one has familiarity with group setting, he or she inevitably know owe to relate with others as well as to conform and to be obedient to the norm.
In social settings one’s age, personality, and sex are three variables that influence one’s behavior (Blesses-Recheck, 2001). Classical Study Concerning the Effect of Group Influence on the Self A set of individuals are considered to be a group when it is two or more individuals. A group is formed for collective company and many other reasons. A group will more than likely be successful if all of the members are dedicated and is there to satisfy the needs of the group. A group will experience failure if the embers lacks in giving his or her all, one is unhappy, or dissatisfied (Fiske, 2010).
Ones individual social status and shared group involvement are two aspects held liable for one’s ability to influence others within the group. Members of a group could perform in ways to please other group members or he or she can act out themselves by responding in the appropriate way. When one is affiliate with a group, he or she must always act in his or her best behavior because he or she is representatives of that particular group. When one is in a group setting, he or she an be destructively by external pressure to conform the group.
Contemporary Example of the Effect That Group Influence Has on the Self During the process of one joining a group, he or she is expected to bring everything he or she has to offer to that particular group. There are some individuals who Join a group to Just for the name sake. In this event one wants one wants to Join the group for the publicity. Although one may be in a group, differences still can occur among the group. The group is said to maintain its identity while making use of the differences among the roof members Oaten et all, 2006). One is said to be a diverse individual from a group.
One retains his or her personal appearances; whereas the group retains one from several regions and all have various distinctive abilities among the group. One’s distinctiveness is the beginning for synchronization within the group. When a group is shaped on the foundation of interactive relationships, they are expected to have an inspiration on the members of the group, and they also shape the member’s views toward themselves. Research display how one’s defiance and thoughts are frequently organized or designed when he or she is part of a group.
One’s arrogance’s are anticipated to transformation when he or she is in the existence of a new group. New environments will bring about change in one’s behavior. When one has a change in his or her attitude, it can come from a list of reasons. One can have a change in his or her attitude from him or her being coerced by others and even trying to satisfy another. Individual and Societal Influences That Lead to Deviance from Dominant Group Norms Deviance is the differencing from the usual or the believed standards in society. When one is in a group with others, he or she is expected to have some type of similarities with others in the group.
Among the members in the group if one have noticeable differences that particular individual will more than likely be treated differently from the other group members. Individuals who are involved in groups come in contact with more dilemmas among the deviated members than out of group members (Fiske, 2010). Deviance arise when one see and comprehend the reward- cost concerns of his or her behaviors. Although deviance has been labeled as problematic, deviance can still be a gratifying experience. When deviance is being mentioned with drug additions, delinquent behavior, mental illness, and others it is looked at as being negative.
One’s position and individualistic has a factor in deviance. One who have dominant behaviors and do not have abilities to be leaders have the group at risk. Imposed norms are thought to be key mechanisms in prevention of deviant predispositions within a group. When one is in a group, he or she should express his or her feelings or beliefs with the group; with intentions of reducing deviant factors. When group members are active with the group he or she knows that there are possibilities for him or her in the group. Active members are less likely to depart from the group.
Conclusion another according to the way he or she believe a particular situation should be. Conformity is the influence of the majority on individual behavior, began with studies of perceptual suggestion, group norms, and group pressure. Obedience is the influence of authority on subordinates. A group will more than likely be successful if all of the members are dedicated and is there to satisfy the needs of the group. There are some individuals who Join a group to Just for the name sake. Deviance is the differencing from the usual or the believed standards in society.